Arsenic Trioxide and Etanercept in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00093366
First received: October 6, 2004
Last updated: November 28, 2011
Last verified: November 2011

October 6, 2004
November 28, 2011
June 2004
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  • Hematologic response in patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Efficacy of this regimen in patients with intermediate-1 or low-risk MDS that was refractory to anti-thymocyte globulin and etanercept on protocol FHCRC-1872 [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlate results of ex vivo and in vitro studies on phenotypic, cytogenetic, and functional disease characteristics with in vivo treatment responses [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Parameters that are associated with a high probability of response [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00093366 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Arsenic Trioxide and Etanercept in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Therapy of Advanced Stage Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) With Arsenic Trioxide Given in Combination With Etanercept: A Phase I/II Study

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as arsenic trioxide, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Biological therapies such as etanercept may interfere with the growth of the cancer cells. Combining chemotherapy with biological therapy may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects of giving arsenic trioxide together with etanercept and to see how well it works in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the frequency of hematologic response in patients with intermediate-2 or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) treated with arsenic trioxide and etanercept.
  • Determine the efficacy of this regimen in patients with intermediate-1 or low-risk MDS that was refractory to anti-thymocyte globulin and etanercept on protocol FHCRC-1872.
  • Correlate results of ex vivo and in vitro studies of phenotypic, cytogenetic, and functional disease characteristics with in vivo treatment response in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine parameters that are associated with a high probability of disease response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot study.

Patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 1-4 hours on days 1-5 of week 1 and then twice weekly on weeks 2-12 during course 1 (twice weekly on weeks 1-12 during course 2). Patients also receive etanercept subcutaneously twice weekly during weeks 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, and 10. Treatment repeats every 12 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed for 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15-32 patients will be accrued for this study within 8-18 months.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
  • Biological: etanercept
  • Drug: arsenic trioxide
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
32
July 2006
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • Intermediate-2 or high-risk disease
    • Intermediate-1 or low-risk disease that was refractory to anti-thymocyte globulin and etanercept on protocol FHCRC-1872
  • Not eligible for stem cell transplantation for any of the following reasons:

    • Suitable bone marrow donor is not available
    • Ineligible for a transplantation protocol
    • Not willing to undergo transplantation

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count > 500/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Not specified

Renal

  • Not specified

Cardiovascular

  • No evidence of cardiac arrhythmia
  • No evidence of congestive heart failure
  • QTc interval ≤ 460 msec

Pulmonary

  • No pneumonia

Other

  • Potassium > 4.0 mEq/L (supplemental electrolytes allowed)
  • Magnesium > 1.8 mg/dL (supplemental electrolytes allowed)
  • No history of anaphylactic reaction to arsenic trioxide
  • No active severe infection (e.g., septicemia) within the past 2 weeks
  • No other severe disease that would preclude study compliance
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • More than 4 weeks since prior hematopoietic growth factors for MDS
  • More than 4 weeks since prior immunomodulatory therapy for MDS
  • No concurrent hematopoietic growth factors for MDS
  • No other concurrent immunomodulatory therapy for MDS

Chemotherapy

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • More than 4 weeks since prior cytotoxic therapy for MDS
  • More than 4 weeks since prior experimental therapy for MDS
  • No other concurrent cytotoxic therapy for MDS
  • No other concurrent experimental therapy for MDS
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00093366
1888.00, FHCRC-1888.00, CDR0000380742
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Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Bart L. Scott, MD Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
November 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP