Helicobacter Pylori and Dry Eye
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 18, 2004|
|Last Updated Date||March 3, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||May 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00083291 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Helicobacter Pylori and Dry Eye|
|Official Title ICMJE||Pilot Study of Helicobacter Pylori and Ocular Surface Disease|
This study will examine whether infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria may cause inflammation of the eye's surface. Although most people who are infected with H. pylori do not have symptoms, the bacteria can cause several diseases, including gastritis-stomach inflammation, stomach ulcers or, rarely, stomach cancer, and certain types of lymphoma. H. pylori has also been associated with autoimmune disorders, in which the patient's immune system attacks the body's own tissues.
People who have been infected with H. pylori, with and without dry eye, may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history, a blood test to determine H. pylori infection, and an eye examination. The examination includes measurements of visual acuity, eye pressure, and tear production. To measure the amount of tear production, a small piece of filter paper is inserted over the eyelid on the side and collects tears over a 5-minute period. Drops of two colored dyes (orange and green) are placed in the eyes to see if there are any dry areas. Screening also includes examination of the pupils and eye movements, the lens, and the back of the eye, including the retina.
Participants will also have a few cells collected from the surface of the eye. After the eyes are numbed with anesthetic eye drops, a swab (like a Q-tip) is rolled over the surface of the white part of the eye to collect small samples of the superficial layer of the conjunctiva - a transparent membrane covering the eyeball. The specimens are analyzed by special laboratory techniques to determine whether H. pylori has infected the eye.
Helicobacter pylori, one of the world's most prevalent pathogens, is a spiral-shaped, catalase-positive, Gram-negative rod with 4-6 sheathed flagella attached to one pole which allow for motility. The prevalence of H. pylori infection in humans is high; 50% of those over the age of 60 are infected. H. pylori infection causes chronic gastric inflammation, ulcer disease and gastric carcinoma. Further, chronic antigenic stimulation driven by H. pylori infection has been linked to the development of gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Infection with H. pylori induces a vigorous immune response resulting in the presence of local and systemic antibodies. H. pylori-specific immunoglobulin G antibodies present in serum, plasma, whole blood, saliva, gastric juice and urine have each been used to successfully detect the presence of infection in adults. The sensitivity and specificity of serological tests range from 80% to 95% depending upon the assay used. H. Pylori infection is characteristically associated with a vigorous inflammatory response and we have recently identified H. Pylori DNA in conjunctival MALT lymphoma using molecular diagnostic techniques. Ocular surface inflammation is a cardinal feature of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Since we identified H. Pylori DNA in conjunctival MALT lymphoma we hypothesize that chronic infection may also be capable of triggering chronic ocular surface inflammation as seen in keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The purpose of this pilot study is to determine whether H. pylori DNA is detectable in the conjunctiva of seropositive KCS patients.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Condition ICMJE||Helicobacter Infections|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients with ocular surface disease including aqueous or evaporative tear deficiency who are seropositive for H. pylori will be eligible. Controls will be adults without ocular surface disease who are seropositve for H. pylori.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00083291|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||040190, 04-EI-0190|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||March 2005|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP