Rhythm Perception and Generation
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 23, 2004|
|Last Updated Date||February 24, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||March 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00080067 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Rhythm Perception and Generation|
|Official Title ICMJE||fMRI Study on Mechanism of Rhythm Perception and Generation|
This study will examine how different brain areas are involved in the perception of rhythmic patterns and the performance of rhythmic movements. Patients with certain types of brain diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and some types of stroke, may have difficulty performing rhythmic movements, such as finger tapping.
Healthy, right-handed volunteers between 21 and 65 years of age may be eligible for this study. Candidates with visual, motor or hearing problems are excluded, as are musicians and pregnant women.
Participants will come to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center for up to six sessions of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning. MRI uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to obtain images of body organs and tissues. The scanner is a metal cylinder surrounded by a magnetic field. During the MRI, the subject lies still for up to 20 minutes at a time on a table in the cylinder and wears earplugs to muffle loud knocking noises that occur with the electrical switching of the magnetic fields. He or she can communicate with the MRI staff through a microphone at all times during the procedure.
For fMRI, images are obtained while the subject performs a task, such as hearing sounds or moving a finger. The machine detects changes in brain movement that are involved in performing the task. The tasks are explained, and subjects can practice them before entering the scanner.
Rhythmic movements, such as finger tapping, are relatively simple. However, many brain areas including motor, somatosensory, premotor and prefrontal cortex, supplementary motor area, basal ganglia, cerebellum, etc. have been reported to be activated during rhythmic movements. Patients with lesions located in the extrapyramidal or cerebellar system, such as patients with Parkinson's disease, cerebellar ataxia or stroke with a lesion in these systems, have difficulties in performing rhythmic movements. Timing deficits after basal ganglia or cerebellar damage could also be due to abnormalities in interconnecting cortical systems commonly associated with these processes. Few studies have examined involvement of cerebral cortex in time perception.
The purpose of this study is to detect the brain areas associated with three hypothesized processes associated with rhythm perception and generation: (1) perception of external rhythmic stimulation, (2) internal rhythm generation and (3) execution of rhythmic movement. To investigate whether the process of rhythm perception is common across sensory modalities, we will use auditory and visual stimulation.
This research will be conducted using normal adult volunteers.
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we will examine the brain activity of subjects while they will hear or watch rhythmic stimulation and press buttons rhythmically with their fingers. A series of experiments will be designed to demonstrate the hypothesized three processes separately.
The brain activity correlated with experimental conditions and behavioral data (the timing error of button press to the corresponding rhythmic stimulation) will be collected and analyzed by using statistical parametric mapping (SPM).
The findings we expect to obtain with this experiment will contribute to basic knowledge for better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disturbance of perception and generation of rhythm in patients with neurological disorders, and give theoretical background for repetitive, rhythmically patterned movement training in neurorehabilitation.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||February 2009|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Fifty healthy, right-handed adult (aged between 21 to 65 years old) volunteers will be recruited from people who are registered as HMCS normal volunteers. All subjects participating in MR studies should have a valid Clinical Center Medical Record Number.
Female subjects of childbearing potential will have a pregnancy test and a specific interview prior to the study to ensure that pregnant subjects will not participate in the study.
Subjects with implanted devices such as pacemakers, medication pumps or defibrillators, metal in the cranium except mouth, intracardiac lines, history of shrapnel injury or any other condition/device that may be contraindicated or prevent the acquisition of MRI.
Pregnant female. A pregnancy test will be performed within 24 hours preceding each MRI and if the result is positive, that subject will not be studied.
Subjects with claustrophobia
Subjects with any visual, motor or hearing difficulties
|Ages||21 Years to 65 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00080067|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||040146, 04-N-0146|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||February 2009|
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