Safety of and Immune System Response to an HIV Vaccine (EP HIV-1090) in HIV Uninfected Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00054860
First received: February 11, 2003
Last updated: May 3, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

February 11, 2003
May 3, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00054860 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Safety of and Immune System Response to an HIV Vaccine (EP HIV-1090) in HIV Uninfected Adults
A Phase I Dose-Escalation Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of the EP HIV-1090 DNA Vaccine in Healthy, HIV-1-Uninfected Adult Participants

The purpose of this study is to test the safety of an HIV DNA vaccine (EP HIV-1090) and to test whether or not the vaccine can stimulate immune system responses in HIV uninfected people. This vaccine uses only parts of the virus's DNA and cannot cause HIV infection.

Epidemiological and animal model data support the hypothesis that HIV specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses contribute to control and clearance of the virus. Vaccines designed specifically to induce CTL responses are likely to be well suited for protection against HIV infection and disease progression. EP HIV-1090 is a DNA vaccine composed of 21 highly specific CTL epitopes. The vaccine is designed to optimize the immune response in people expressing one of three HLA Class I antigen subtypes: HLA-A2, -A3, and -B7. This design is predicted to induce an immune response in 85% of individuals in the general population. There is also a helper T lymphocyte (HTL) facilitating epitope (PADRE) in the vaccine. The vaccine is formulated with a water soluble polymer (polyvinylpyrrolidone) that protects the DNA and facilitates cellular uptake. This study will assess the safety of and immune response to different doses of EP HIV-1090 in healthy, HIV uninfected adults.

Participants in this study will be randomized to receive either one of three different doses of vaccine or placebo. Participants will receive vaccinations or placebo at study entry and Months 1, 3, and 6. Both vaccinations and placebo are administered by intramuscular injection. Participants will be followed for 18 months and will have 12 study visits. Each study visit will include a physical exam, medical history, and blood and urine tests. Each participant will have four HIV tests during the study. Women will have at least five pregnancy tests during the study.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
HIV Infections
Biological: EP HIV-1090
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
42
September 2005
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Inclusion Criteria

  • HIV negative
  • Positive for one or more of the following HLA supertypes: -A2, -A3, or -B7
  • Willing to receive HIV test results
  • Good general health
  • Acceptable methods of contraception for females of reproductive potential
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative
  • Anti-hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV) negative or negative HCV PCR if anti-HCV is positive

Exclusion Criteria

  • HIV vaccines or placebos in prior HIV vaccine trial
  • Immunosuppressive medications within 168 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Blood products within 120 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Immunoglobulin within 60 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Live attenuated vaccines within 30 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Investigational research agents within 30 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Subunit or killed vaccines within 14 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Current tuberculosis prophylaxis or therapy
  • Active syphilis
  • Serious adverse reaction to vaccines. A person who had an adverse reaction to pertussis vaccine as a child is not excluded.
  • Autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency
  • Unstable asthma
  • Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Thyroid disease requiring treatment
  • Serious angioedema within the past 3 years
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Bleeding disorder
  • Malignancy unless it has been surgically removed and, in the opinion of the investigator, is not likely to recur during the study period
  • Seizure disorder requiring medication within the past 3 years
  • Asplenia
  • Mental illness that would interfere with compliance with the protocol
  • Other conditions that, in the judgment of the investigator, would interfere with the study
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding
Both
18 Years to 40 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Botswana
 
NCT00054860
HVTN 048, 10197
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Geoffrey J. Gorse, MD St. Louis University
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP