Hormone Replacement Therapy and Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Infected, Postmenopausal Women
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 5, 2002|
|Last Updated Date||September 8, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00044837 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Hormone Replacement Therapy and Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Infected, Postmenopausal Women|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase I, Pharmacokinetic Study of Hormone Replacement Therapy in HIV-1-Infected, Postmenopausal Women on Nelfinavir, Lopinavir/Ritonavir, or Efavirenz|
The purpose of this study is to find out if the anti-HIV drugs nelfinavir (NFV), lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r), and efavirenz (EFV) change the amount of estrogen in the blood when taken along with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for menopause.
HRT can be helpful for treating bothersome symptoms of menopause. However, it is not routinely used in HIV-infected postmenopausal women because it is not known how HRT interacts with anti-HIV drugs. The information obtained from this study will help doctors make recommendations for HRT in postmenopausal HIV-infected women.
The benefits of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in HIV-negative postmenopausal women include the abatement of menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, insomnia, mood changes, vaginal dryness, urogenital and skin changes, and memory loss. HRT may also decrease risk for primary cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, colon cancer, and possibly Alzheimer's disease and age-related macular degeneration. There may also be an overall survival benefit for HIV-negative postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy. Despite the potential benefits of postmenopausal hormone replacement, it is seldom used in HIV-infected postmenopausal women. One concern about HRT in HIV-infected women is the potential for interaction with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Although the effect of HRT on ARV drug levels is likely to be small, it is important to evaluate the safety of administering HRT concurrently with ARVs. The information obtained from this study will help shape recommendations for postmenopausal HRT in HIV-infected women.
Patients are enrolled into 1 of 4 study arms based on their current oral ARV regimens. Arm A takes NFV plus nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). Arm B takes LPV/r plus NRTIs. Arm C takes EFV plus NRTIs. Arm D enrolls HIV-infected patients not on current ARVs, or who are taking NRTIs only (no protease inhibitors [PIs] or nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors [NNRTIs]). All arms receive HRT with oral estradiol and medroxyprogesterone acetate for 12 weeks. Arms A, B, and C have intensive PI or NNRTI pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling at entry and Week 4. All arms have estradiol PK sampling at Week 4. Clinical and laboratory evaluations are done at entry, Week 4, and Week 12.
ARVs are not provided by this study. Only HRT is provided.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infections|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Terminated|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients may be eligible for this study if they:
Patients may not be eligible for this study if they:
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00044837|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||ACTG A5119, AACTG A5119|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||June 2003|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP