Mohawk Culture, Behavior, Toxicant Exposure and Health

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified August 2002 by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00043238
First received: August 7, 2002
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: August 2002

August 7, 2002
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00043238 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Mohawk Culture, Behavior, Toxicant Exposure and Health
MOHAWK CULTURE, BEHAVIOR, TOXICANT EXPOSURE AND HEALTH

This study will determine the pathways between Mohawk cultural identification and specific behaviors related to pollutant exposure, and determine the effects of these factors and the pollutant exposure on physiologically and socially significant outcomes.

Considerable concern now exists over possible effects on human physical and psychological development of endocrine disrupting environmental contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Native American communities are particularly at risk owing to subsistence systems and a cultural ethos involving greater contact with the physical environment. The proposed study follows-up 220 Mohawk adolescents aged 17-21 years, who participated in a previous study when they were 10-16 years old. All adolescents are members of the Mohawk Nation at Akwesasne which is located on the St. Lawrence River and is adjacent to hazardous waste sites where PCBs have contaminated the local ecology. The investigation examines the interrelationship between Mohawk cultural identity, traditional Mohawk customs, behaviors related to toxicant exposure and current toxicant burden. Serum level of PCBs will be assessed by congener specific analysis. The study will determine the relationship of congeners and their hydroxylated metabolites to thyroid function (levels of triiodothyronine, free triiodothyronine, thyroxine, free thyroxine, thyrotropin and anti-thyroid antibodies), and 2) psychosocial outcomes including school behavior and performance, hyperactivity, and adaptation to the community. Data gathered for the past study will be employed to assess variation in metabolism of PCBs, as well as how earlier measures of cognition and hyperactivity relate to 17 year old psychosocial outcomes. Variation in susceptibility to PCB effects will be determined by examining the effects of concurrent toxicant exposure (hexachlorobenzene, Mirex, dichlorodiphenyldichloroethene, lead), diet, and indicators of PCB metabolism, on the focal measures of adult functioning. The proposed study will clarify the causal pathways between culturally identifying behavior, PCB exposure and body burden, thyroid functioning, cognitive functioning, social behavior and school functioning while identifying activities that are important to maintain cultural identify and unrelated to exposure.

Observational
Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
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  • Thyroid Diseases
  • Cognition Disorders
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Schell LM, Tarbell AM. A partnership study of PCBs and the health of Mohawk youth: lessons from our past and guidelines for our future. Environ Health Perspect. 1998 Jun;106 Suppl 3:833-40.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
220
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Participation in previous study of Mohawk adolescent well-being is required for participation in this project.

Both
17 Years to 18 Years
No
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United States
 
NCT00043238
10904-CP-001
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National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
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National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
August 2002

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP