Erlotinib and Temozolomide With Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme or Other Brain Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00039494
First received: June 6, 2002
Last updated: August 1, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

June 6, 2002
August 1, 2013
December 2002
July 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Survival [ Time Frame: At 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival distribution [ Time Frame: From start of study therapy to death due to any cause, up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The overall survival distribution will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. The success probability, i.e., 12-month survival percentage, will be estimated as the number of evaluable patients still alive at 366 days divided by the total number of evaluable patients followed for at least 366 days.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00039494 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Time-to-disease progression [ Time Frame: From start of study therapy to documentation of disease progression, up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time-to-progression distribution will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
  • Maximum toxicity grade, assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Frequency tables will be reviewed to determine toxicity patterns.
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Erlotinib and Temozolomide With Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Glioblastoma Multiforme or Other Brain Tumors
A Pilot and Phase II Study of OSI-774 and Temozolomide in Combination With Radiation Therapy in Glioblastoma Multiforme

This pilot phase II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of erlotinib when given with temozolomide and radiation therapy and to see how well they work in treating patients with glioblastoma multiforme or other brain tumors. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Erlotinib may interfere with the growth of tumor cells, slow the growth of the tumor, and make the tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining erlotinib and temozolomide with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PILOT STUDY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of erlotinib administered with temozolomide and radiotherapy in patients with glioblastoma multiforme or other grade 4 brain tumors who are currently on enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant (EIAC) therapy vs no EIAC therapy.

II. Determine the safety and tolerability of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients. IV. Determine the efficacy of this regimen, in terms of 1-year survival, in these patients.

PHASE II OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the response rate and time to progression in patients treated with this regimen.

II. Determine the 6-month progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.

III. Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation pilot study of erlotinib followed by a phase II study. Patients are stratified according to concurrent enzyme-inducing anticonvulsant drug use (yes vs no).

PILOT STUDY: Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily. After 1 week of erlotinib alone, patients also receive oral temozolomide once daily for 6 weeks and undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks. After completion of radiotherapy, patients continue to receive erlotinib once daily alone in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients also receive oral temozolomide once daily for 5 days. Temozolomide treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

PHASE II: Once the MTD of erlotinib is determined, additional patients are treated with erlotinib at the MTD, temozolomide, and radiotherapy as above.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 5 years and then annually for 10 years.

Interventional
Phase 2
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Adult Giant Cell Glioblastoma
  • Adult Glioblastoma
  • Adult Gliosarcoma
  • Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • CP-358,774
    • erlotinib
    • OSI-774
  • Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
    Other Names:
    • 3D conformal radiation therapy
    • 3D-CRT
  • Drug: temozolomide
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • SCH 52365
    • Temodal
    • Temodar
    • TMZ
Experimental: Treatment (erlotinib hydrochloride, radiation, temozolomide)
Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily. After 1 week of erlotinib alone, patients also receive oral temozolomide once daily for 6 weeks and undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks. After completion of radiotherapy, patients continue to receive erlotinib once daily alone in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 4 weeks after the completion of radiotherapy, patients also receive oral temozolomide once daily for 5 days. Temozolomide treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
  • Radiation: 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
  • Drug: temozolomide
Brown PD, Krishnan S, Sarkaria JN, Wu W, Jaeckle KA, Uhm JH, Geoffroy FJ, Arusell R, Kitange G, Jenkins RB, Kugler JW, Morton RF, Rowland KM Jr, Mischel P, Yong WH, Scheithauer BW, Schiff D, Giannini C, Buckner JC. Phase I/II Trial Erlotinib and Temozolomide With Radiation Therapy in the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme: North Central Cancer Treatment Group Study N0177. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Oct 27; [Epub ahead of print]

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
171
Not Provided
July 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Glioblastoma multiforme (grade 4 astrocytoma)
    • Gliosarcomas
    • Other grade 4 astrocytoma variants (e.g., giant cell)
  • Must be enrolled at least 1 week, but no more than 4 weeks, after prior biopsy or surgery
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 60-100%
  • At least 6 months
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST no greater than 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No inability to take oral medications
  • No requirement for IV alimentation
  • No active uncontrolled peptic ulcer disease
  • No abnormalities of the cornea (e.g., dry eye syndrome or Sjögren's syndrome)
  • No congenital abnormality (e.g., Fuch's dystrophy)
  • No abnormal slit-lamp examination using a vital dye (e.g., fluorescein or Bengal-Rose)
  • No abnormal corneal sensitivity test (e.g., Schirmer test or similar tear production test)
  • No prior allergy or intolerance to dacarbazine
  • No other active malignancy requiring treatment
  • No other concurrent uncontrolled illness
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No prior chemotherapy for any brain tumor
  • No prior temozolomide
  • No prior radiotherapy for any brain tumor
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • More than 21 days since prior major surgery (excluding neurosurgical biopsy or brain tumor resection)
  • No prior surgical procedures affecting absorption
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
  • No concurrent warfarin
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00039494
NCI-2009-00640, N0177, CDR0000069388, NCCTG-N0177, U10CA025224
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Paul Brown North Central Cancer Treatment Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
August 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP