Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Treatment for HIV Infected Patients Who Have Interrupted Their Anti-HIV Drug Therapy
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 29, 2002|
|Last Updated Date||May 9, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Mean of log10 HIV-1 RNA copies/ml obtained at Weeks 11 and 12 following the final interruption of potent antiretroviral therapy|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00038259 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Interleukin-2 (IL-2) Treatment for HIV Infected Patients Who Have Interrupted Their Anti-HIV Drug Therapy|
|Official Title ICMJE||An Exploratory, Open-Label, Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Ability of Interleukin-2 (IL-2) to Enhance HIV-Specific Immunity and Influence the Time to Virologic Relapse Following Withdrawal of Potent Antiretroviral Therapy|
When an HIV infected person taking strong anti-HIV drugs temporarily stops taking them, viral load rises and the body's immune system is exposed to more HIV. This may lead to the body mounting a better immune response against the virus. The purpose of this study is to find out if taking interleukin-2 (also called IL-2 or aldesleukin) while stopping anti-HIV drugs for short periods of time can help patients control their HIV viral load.
Study hypothesis: Patients in this study will have lower virologic rebound and will maintain their CD4 cell counts for a longer time than other patients in comparative studies.
Structured treatment interruptions (STIs) may stimulate an anti-HIV immune response. Evidence suggests that IL-2, which increases CD4 counts, could also enhance specific immune responses to HIV. Enhanced immune responses could influence the magnitude of and the time to virologic rebound following treatment discontinuation. This study will compare the viral loads present after 12 weeks of an antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption period between patients who have received different dosing regimens of IL-2 and have taken part in at least two STIs.
This study will last 40 to 104 weeks. IL-2 is provided as part of this study; potent ART is not provided. Patients in this study will receive potent ART with at least two scheduled potent ART interruptions. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment arms. Arm A patients will receive low-dose injections of IL-2 for 3 weeks, during the last 2 weeks of potent ART interruption periods and the first week of restarting potent ART. Arm B patients will receive high-dose injections of IL-2 during the first 5 days of restarting potent ART after the interruption period. The first two ART interruptions are 4 weeks in duration, followed by 12 weeks back on ART. Depending on the patient's viral load and CD4 count at Week 32, patients will either enter a third potent ART interruption for 12 to 48 weeks or will continue ART. No IL-2 will be given with the third scheduled potent ART interruption. Throughout the study, participants will have physical exams and laboratory tests, including measurements of viral load and CD4 count.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infections|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Aldesleukin|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||May 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Note: ACTG A5132 closed to accrual on 11/01/04.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00038259|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||A5132, 10081|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||May 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP