Effects of Changing HIV Therapy at Lower Versus Higher Viral Loads
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 10, 2002|
|Last Updated Date||July 26, 2013|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00036465 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Effects of Changing HIV Therapy at Lower Versus Higher Viral Loads|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase II, Randomized, Controlled, Pilot Study of Antiretroviral Switch at Lower Versus Higher HIV-1 RNA Levels in Subjects Experiencing Virologic Relapse on a Current HAART Regimen|
This study will look at people who have been taking anti-HIV drugs but still have detectable levels of HIV. The purpose of the study is to find out what happens in those people who change anti-HIV drugs when their viral load reaches 200 copies compared to those who change anti-HIV drugs when their viral load reaches 10,000 copies. This study will also look at drug resistance (how well HIV responds to drugs), viral fitness (how well drug-resistant HIV copies itself), and immunologic reconstitution (how well the immune system recognizes various infections, including HIV).
Many patients experience virologic relapse (increase in viral load after sustained viral load suppression) within 1 to 2 years of taking anti-HIV drugs. The approach to treatment for patients who experience virologic relapse while on a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has not been defined. Current guidelines recommend switching to a new treatment regimen as soon as possible to prevent HIV from becoming even more resistant to anti-HIV drugs. However, there is evidence that patients can benefit from staying on the same HAART drugs, even after virologic relapse. This study wants to find what happens when drugs are changed immediately after virologic relapse (when the viral load is lower) compared to what happens if drugs are changed only after a delay (when the viral load is higher).
Virologic relapse occurs within 1 to 2 years of antiretroviral therapy in up to 50 percent of HIV-infected individuals. The best treatment approach for patients who experience virologic rebound while on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has not been defined. Current guidelines recommend switching to a new treatment regimen shortly after virologic rebound in an effort to avoid sequential accumulation of multiple resistance mutations. However, early treatment switching has numerous disadvantages: risk of virologic rebound on the new therapy, a limited number of drug combinations available to treat such rebounds, and difficulty in obtaining early genotypic and phenotypic drug-resistance information to guide treatment modification. Delaying a switch to a new antiretroviral regimen has the advantage of preserving future treatment options, and HIV levels may remain partially suppressed even after drug-resistant mutants emerge. Moreover, several observational studies describe maintenance of immunologic and clinical benefits of HAART even after virologic rebound. Delayed treatment switches, however, raise concerns about sequential accumulation of drug resistance mutations that may diminish the chances of viral resuppression with successive HAART regimens, and the long-term immune consequences of virologic rebound on HAART are not known. It is therefore important to evaluate the viral and immunologic responses among patients randomized to either an early or delayed HAART switch.
This study enrolls patients who have a viral load of at least 200, but less than 10,000 copies/ml. The patients are randomized into 2 treatment arms. Arm A (immediate switch) patients have genotypic resistance testing at entry. Based on the resistance test results, their antiretroviral treatment regimen is modified to a switch treatment regimen. Switch treatment initiates no later than Week 4. Arm B (delayed switch) patients continue their current antiretroviral regimen and have genotypic resistance testing when their plasma HIV-1 RNA levels reach 10,000 copies/ml or greater. Based on the resistance test results, their antiretroviral treatment regimen is modified to a switch treatment regimen. Switch treatment initiates no later than 4 weeks from the date of at least 10,000 copies/ml viral load, or from the date of an absolute CD4 count reduced by 20 percent from baseline value. Patients who never meet the switch criteria remain on study.
All patients are followed for a minimum of 48 weeks after entry. No antiretroviral drugs are provided by the study.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infections|
|Intervention ICMJE||Behavioral: Treatment regimen change|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Riddler SA, Jiang H, Tenorio A, Huang H, Kuritzkes DR, Acosta EP, Landay A, Bastow B, Haas DW, Tashima KT, Jain MK, Deeks SG, Bartlett JA. A randomized study of antiviral medication switch at lower- versus higher-switch thresholds: AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study A5115. Antivir Ther. 2007;12(4):531-41.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||September 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients may be eligible for this study if they:
Patients may not be eligible for this study if they:
|Ages||13 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00036465|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||A5115, AACTG A5115, ACTG A5115, 10933|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||July 2013|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP