Treatment of Depression With Massage in HIV

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00033852
First received: April 11, 2002
Last updated: March 5, 2008
Last verified: March 2008

April 11, 2002
March 5, 2008
April 2002
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00033852 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Treatment of Depression With Massage in HIV
Treatment of Depression With Massage in HIV

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of massage therapy on depression, quality of life and plasma cortisol levels in subjects with advanced HIV disease.

This is a study to assess the usefulness of massage therapy for treatment of depression and improvement in the quality of life in patients with HIV. This study will define the clinical and biologic response to massage therapy in patients with HIV and depression who are clinically stable and on a fixed medical regimen. Depression is a co-morbid condition in individuals with advanced HIV disease and has a negative impact on quality of life. Depression in HIV-infected patients also has been associated with a decrease in adherence to medications and progression of clinical disease. While pharmacologic therapy for depression have resulted in variable success in managing this problem, it is associated with an increase in the number of medications that these patients are required to take, potential for additional drug-drug interactions, and many adverse events. In patients with advanced stage HIV disease, palliative care is often a priority and identifying new treatment modalities that do not require additional medications while improve clinical symptoms and overall quality of life is of the utmost importance. Pilot studies with massage therapy have been performed in HIV-infected and uninfected individuals. These studies have shown a reduction in depression scores in HIV-uninfected subjects. In HIV-infected patients, massage therapy has been shown to improve quality of life measures and decrease plasma cortisol levels.

The specific aims of this proposal are 1) to determine the effect of massage therapy on depression in subjects with advanced HIV disease, 2) to investigate the effect of massage therapy on quality of life in subjects with advanced HIV disease, and 3) to investigate the effect of massage therapy on plasma cortisol levels in subjects with advanced HIV disease. This study will randomize advanced stage HIV-infected subjects with depression in a 1:1:1 manner to massage therapy, "sham massage" or no physical intervention. The massage and "sham massage" groups will be treated for one hour, twice per week, for 8 weeks. All enrolled subjects will have depression measured (Hamilton Depression Scale) at baseline, weeks 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8, and quality of life (SF-36), and pain assessments (Gracely Pain Scale) at baseline, weeks 4 and 8. In addition, 24-hour urine free cortisol, lymphocyte subsets and HIV RNA measurements will be assessed at baseline and weeks 4 and 8. This will be a rigorously controlled clinical trial using validated measures to assess the clinical (depression and quality of life), and biologic (cortisol levels) effect of massage therapy on subjects with advanced stage HIV disease and clinical depression.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • HIV Infections
  • Depression
Procedure: Massage Therapy
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
90
May 2004
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV Seropositive
  • Depression as defined by SCID-I with HAM-D score of ³15 (21-item scale)
  • On stable neuropsychiatric, analgesic and antiretroviral regimen for >30 days and no plans to modify therapy during the ensuing 4 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to provide informed consent (e.g.sever cognitive impairment)
  • New opportunistic infection, malignancies, or acute hospitalizations during the past 30 days
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Psychosis or bipolar disorder
  • Taking any growth hormone or adrenocorticoid preparations
  • Massage therapy or new alternative medicine use in preceeding 30 days
  • History of intolerance to massage or contraindication to massage (e.g. skin lesions that prevent direct contact by the therapist)
Both
16 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00033852
R21 AT001047-01
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Russell E. Poland, PhD Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Investigator: Eric Daar, MD Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
March 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP