Dual Versus Triple Protease Inhibitor Combinations, Including Ritonavir, in HIV Infected People
|First Received Date ICMJE||December 27, 2001|
|Last Updated Date||August 15, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00028366 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Dual Versus Triple Protease Inhibitor Combinations, Including Ritonavir, in HIV Infected People|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Randomized, Comparative Study of Lopinavir/Ritonavir Versus GW433908 and Ritonavir Versus Lopinavir/Ritonavir and GW433908 (In Combination With Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate and One or Two Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors) in HIV-1-Infected Subjects With Virologic Treatment Failure|
Ritonavir (RTV) is a protease inhibitor (PI) commonly used to increase drug levels of other PIs in HIV drug treatment. The purpose of this study is to compare a combination of drugs which includes RTV and 2 protease inhibitors (PIs) with 2 combinations that include RTV and another PI. This study also will compare the effectiveness, safety, tolerability, and drug levels in the blood of these anti-HIV drug combinations.
A substantial proportion of patients on antiretroviral therapy do not achieve sustained suppression of HIV viral load. Developing strategies to improve responses to subsequent regimens is an important objective for the management of patients with HIV infection. Increasing the potency of regimens by using a pharmacoenhancer such as RTV is of interest. RTV is used widely to increase plasma concentrations of PIs, but there is little efficacy and tolerability data about different RTV-enhanced PIs. The efficacy and tolerability of a triple PI regimen will be compared to dual PI regimens; dual PI regimens will also be compared to each other.
In Step 1, patients will be selectively randomized (based on prior exposure to the study drugs) and enrolled into 1 of 3 study arms. Patients in Arm A will receive lopinavir (LPV)/RTV in combination with TDF and 1 or 2 other NRTIs; patients in Arm B will receive fosamprenavir plus RTV in combination with TDF and 1 or 2 other NRTIs; Arm C patients were to receive LPV/RTV plus fosamprenavir in combination with TDF and 1 or 2 other NRTIs. Because interim study results indicated that mean PI levels for patients in Arm C were unacceptably low, Arm C patients will now either drop LPV/RTV and add RTV or drop fosamprenavir from their regimens.
The study will last 24 to 48 weeks. Medications and clinical assessment and blood collection will be performed at 2 weeks prior to entry, entry, and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, 32, 40, and 48. Blood samples to test for amprenavir (APV) and LPV pharmacokinetics will be collected at Weeks 12, 24, 48, and at confirmed virologic failure visits. In substudy A5147S, intensive 12-hour pharmacokinetic sampling for APV, LPV, and RTV will be conducted. The first 20-25 patients enrolled in each arm will be enrolled in the substudy 14-28 days after starting study treatment.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infections|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||July 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Note: Accrual into A5143 and A5147S has been discontinued. The study originally planned to enroll 216 participants, but only 56 participants were enrolled at the time of early termination of enrollment because of interim review results.
Inclusion Criteria for Step 1
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00028366|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||A5143, 10681, ACTG A5143, AACTG A5143, Substudy AACTG A5147S, Substudy ACTG A5147S|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||August 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP