Safety/Immunogenicity of Immunizations of ALVAC-DC-SC vs ALVAC-SC
|First Received Date ICMJE||November 12, 2001|
|Last Updated Date||May 16, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00026624 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Safety/Immunogenicity of Immunizations of ALVAC-DC-SC vs ALVAC-SC|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase I/II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of the Subcutaneous Administration of ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 Infected Autologous Dendritic Cells Versus the Subcutaneous Administration of ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 To HIV-Infected Subjects|
The purpose of this study is to determine how safe it is to give patients a shot that has a mixture of a vaccine and dendritic cells (DCs), a special kind of immune cell, and how safe it is to give a shot of the vaccine alone.
Current HIV vaccines have not been strong enough to give good immune responses. Research has shown that the immune response to a vaccine delivered by DCs is greater than the response without DC delivery. A5130 is a study that seeks to give good delivery of the vaccine to important immune cells of the body.
Cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte (CTL) responses are important in viral destruction and thereby in the protective immune response to viral infection. Current HIV vaccines do not consistently elicit strong CTL responses. The limited immune response of current HIV vaccines could be attributed, in addition to other causes, to failure of the vaccine to reach the appropriate cells to initiate a robust immune response. DCs particularly are effective in stimulating primary T-cell-dependent immunity. Antigen-bearing DCs are used as adjuvants for active immunotherapy in humans, particularly to increase host resistance to tumors and certain viral infections. A5130 is an exploratory, proof-of-concept study that seeks to ensure adequate delivery of the vaccine to important antigen-presenting cells.
Patients are randomized into 1 of 2 vaccination groups at entry. Group A: Patients receive an SC vaccination with DCs infected with ALVAC-HIV vCP1452. DC exposure to KLH occurs at Weeks 3 and 7. Leukopheresis occurs at entry.
Group B: Patients receive an SC vaccination with ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 without DCs. KLH injections are administered at Weeks 3 and 7.
Patients in both groups receive their vaccinations at Weeks 3, 7, and 15. This study consists of 4 steps but not all patients necessarily qualify to enter Step II, Step III, or Step IV.
Step I: vaccination phase. Step II: withdrawal of potent ART. Step III: optional discontinuation of ART. Step IV: reinitiation of ART. [AS PER AMENDMENT 04/10/02: Step V: follow-up period off potent ART.]
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infections|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Gandhi RT, O'Neill D, Bosch RJ, Chan ES, Bucy RP, Shopis J, Baglyos L, Adams E, Fox L, Purdue L, Marshak A, Flynn T, Masih R, Schock B, Mildvan D, Schlesinger SJ, Marovich MA, Bhardwaj N, Jacobson JM; AIDS Clinical Trials Group A5130 team. A randomized therapeutic vaccine trial of canarypox-HIV-pulsed dendritic cells vs. canarypox-HIV alone in HIV-1-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. Vaccine. 2009 Oct 9;27(43):6088-94. Epub 2009 May 29.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||October 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients may be eligible for this study if they:
Patients may not be eligible for this study if they:
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00026624|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||A5130, AACTG A5130, 10080, ACTG A5130|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||May 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP