Effects of Ribavirin on Zidovudine or Stavudine

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00021632
First received: July 26, 2001
Last updated: July 19, 2013
Last verified: July 2013

July 26, 2001
July 19, 2013
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00021632 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Effects of Ribavirin on Zidovudine or Stavudine
Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of the Effects of Ribavirin (RBV) on Zidovudine (ZDV) or Stavudine (d4T) Triphosphate (TP) Formation

The purpose of this study is to see how treatment of hepatitis C (HCV) patients with ribavirin (RBV) affects the anti-HIV drugs stavudine (d4T) or zidovudine (ZDV).

Studies have shown that RBV may interfere with the action of ZDV and d4T. There is little information about the way these drugs interact in the body. This study will examine how the drug RBV affects levels of ZDV or d4T in patients who are currently on stable anti-HIV therapy.

RBV, a nucleoside analogue, is used for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in alliance with interferon-alfa 2a/2b in patients with HIV-1. The mechanism of action of RBV has led to in vitro studies examining the agonism/antagonism in efficacy occurring when used in combination with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). The primary objective of the pharmacology component of this current study will be the evaluation of the effect of RBV on the intracellular activation of ZDV or d4T owing to the reported antagonism observed in vitro.

Pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluations for plasma ZDV or d4T and intracellular ZDV or d4T and measurements of their triphosphate anabolites are performed before initial RBV dosing (within 2 weeks of visit) and 8 weeks after RBV administration. Thymidine triphosphate (TTP) concentrations also are quantitated to permit estimation of the ratio of active drug to endogenous triphosphate concentrations.

For entry, prior to RBV dosing, blood samples are collected within 2 hours prior to the ZDV or d4T dose and then at Hours 1, 4, and 8 post dosing. Following the entry PK blood draws, patients initiate RBV treatment within 2 weeks of the first PK study day.

For the Week 8 evaluation (measured as 8 weeks following initiation of RBV), blood samples are collected prior to the ZDV or d4T dose and then at Hours 1, 4, and 8 post dosing.

Observational
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  • HIV Infections
  • Hepatitis C
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
32
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Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are at least 13 years of age.
  • Have written consent from parent or guardian if under 18 years of age.
  • Have HIV infection.
  • Have been receiving ZDV or d4T for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Are planning to receive RBV-containing hepatitis treatment through their doctor or through coenrollment in another ACTG protocol within 2 weeks following entry into the study.
  • Have not received RBV for at least 6 months prior to study entry if they were previously treated with RBV.
  • Weigh more than 110 pounds (50 kg).

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are pregnant.
  • Use rifampin, rifabutin, pyrazinamide, isoniazid, ganciclovir, or hydroxyurea within 14 days of study entry.
  • Abuse alcohol or drugs. Patients in methadone programs may participate.
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00021632
ACTG A5092s, AACTG A5092s, ACTG A5092s, 10919
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Francesca Aweeka
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
July 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP