Peginterferon Alpha-2b And Ribavirin to Treat Hepatitis C in HIV-Infected Patients (HEPCPR)
|First Received Date ICMJE||June 27, 2001|
|Last Updated Date||September 25, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2001|
|Primary Completion Date||April 2009 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Participants With Viral Decline at Day 3 & 28 With Predictors of Post Treatment Response [ Time Frame: Day 3 and Day 28 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
HCV viral kinetics were used to predict rates of sustained virology response (SVR) in HIV/HCV connected subjects.
Measure was determined by analyzing the population of participants with virologic decline of more than 1.0 log at day 3 combined with viral load of less than 5.0 log IU/ml at day 28 to predict sustained virology response
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00018031 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Peginterferon Alpha-2b And Ribavirin to Treat Hepatitis C in HIV-Infected Patients|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Non-Randomized, Open Label, Study to Assess Hepatitis C Viral Kinetics in Predicting the Clinical Response in Patients With Hepatitis C Infection Coinfected With HIV-1 Treated With Peginterferon Alpha-2b and Ribavirin|
This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of combination therapy with peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin for treating hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in HIV-infected patients. In studies of patients with hepatitis C alone, interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin treatment eradicated the HCV in almost half the patients. Peginterferon alfa-2b is a compound that results from attaching a polyethylene glycol molecule to interferon alfa-2b. This compound stays in the blood longer than unmodified interferon alfa-2b, causing a higher blood concentration and thus maintaining activity against the hepatitis C virus.
HIV-infected patients 21 years of age and older with chronic hepatitis C infection and a viral load greater than 2000 copies/mL may be eligible for this 2 1/2-year study. Candidates will be screened with blood and urine tests and possibly a liver biopsy, if a recent one is not available. The liver biopsy is done to determine the severity of liver disease. For this test, patients are admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for 1 to 2 days. A sedative is injected into an arm vein, the skin in the area over the biopsy site is numbed with a local anesthetic, and a needle is inserted rapidly into and out of the liver to obtain a small tissue sample. The patient remains in the hospital overnight for monitoring. A chest X-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG) and liver ultrasound are also done. Within 4 weeks of the screening tests, candidates who appear eligible for the study will have a physical examination, medical history and repeat blood tests. Women who can become pregnant will have serial pregnancy tests throughout the study.
Patients who meet the study criteria and decide to participate will begin treatment with weekly injections under the skin of peginterferon alfa-2b and take ribavirin pills twice a day by mouth. In addition, patients will continue to take all other medications prescribed by their doctor. Clinic visits will be scheduled as follows:
Hepatitis C infection occurs in one-third of all HIV-infected individuals. Liver disease has become more clinically significant among patients coinfected with HIV and HCV. Several studies have shown that coinfected individuals develop earlier and severe liver disease. Interferon with ribavirin has become the therapy of choice among people with non-genotype 1a. This is a pilot study to address the relationship of clinical response to combination therapy to the virologic and immunologic parameters. The study will also address the safety and efficacy of the peginterferon alfa-2b among HIV- infected individuals. The predictive ability of baseline HCV viral load, rate of decline of HCV viral load, HIV viral load and CD4 counts to the clinical response of chronic hepatitis to peginterferon and ribavirin will also be studied. Approximately sixty patients who are infected with both HIV and HCV and also have evidence of fibrosis will receive peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin for 48 weeks. In order to enroll sixty patients for this study, we will be screening a total of 180 patients. During the 72 weeks study these patients will be monitored for HCV viral load, and other HIV viral load and CD4 counts. Viral kinetics will also be monitored closely and the slope of second, slower phase decline of HCV viral load, which corresponds to the rate of infected cell death presumably may lead to sustained hepatitis C virologic response. The results of the study will enable us to better delineate the possible predictors of sustained response to peginterferon and ribavirin. The safety and tolerability of a combination therapy with peginterferon and ribavirin among HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy will further define the standard therapy of chronic hepatitis C in HIV-infected individuals.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Arm (s)||Experimental: 1
Weekly Injection of peginterferon alfa-2b and weight based ribavirin (1-1.2g/day) for 48 weeks
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||April 2009|
|Primary Completion Date||April 2009 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Age greater than or equal to 18 years.
Documentation of HIV-1 infection by any licensed ELISA test and confirmed by a Western Blot.
Documentation of Hepatitis C infection by demonstration of a positive test for hepatitis C antibody.
HCV RNA level greater than 2000 IU/ml by bDNA.
Infected with HCV genotype 1.
Histopathologic features consistent with chronic hepatitis C on liver biopsy at the time of enrollment.
Patients with CD4 greater than 300 cells/mm(3).
Ability to sign informed consent and willingness to comply with the study requirements and clinic policies.
Serum creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL.
Serum phosphorus greater than or equal to 2.2 mg/dL (normal range NIH 2.3-4.3 mg/dL).
Neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1000 cells/mm(3).
Platelets greater than or equal to 75,000/mm(3).
Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 8.0 mg/dL.
ALT less than 7 times the NIH upper limit of normal.
Serum lipase less than 1.5 times the NIH upper limit of normal.
Not pregnant or breast-feeding. Pregnancy test must be negative within two weeks prior to dosing with study medications.
If capable of pregnancy: use of effective contraception during study: effective contraception methods include abstinence, surgical sterilization of either partner, barrier methods such as diaphragm, condom, cap or sponge, or use of hormonal contraception with an anti-HIV regimen that will not alter metabolism of hormonal contraception. This is advised on the basis of using ribavirin, which may have a potential teratogenic effect in pregnant women.
Need to have a primary doctor outside OP8 who will be taking care of the patients for their HIV infection and liver disease.
Willing to designate a person for durable power of attorney on the NIH form for medical research and medical care purposes at the NIH Clinical Center.
Ability to learn how to safely inject medication subcutaneously.
PT-INR (in the absence of anti-cardiolipin antibody) prolonged by greater than 2 seconds.
Organ transplant recipient.
Elevated alpha-fetoprotein level (greater than 100 ng/mL).
Coexisting neoplastic disease requiring cytotoxic therapy.
Child Pugh's class B.
Severe cardiac or pulmonary decompensation.
Severe liver decompensation or advanced cirrhosis patients.
Severe psychiatric disorder that would interfere with the adherence to protocol requirements.
Preexisting autoimmune disorders including inflammatory bowel diseases, psoriasis, and optic neuritis.
Preexisting uncontrolled seizure disorder.
Direct bilirubin more than or equal to 2 times ULN.
No patients using long term systemic corticosteroids, immunosuppressives, or cytotoxic agents within 60 days of enrollment into the trial.
Chronic viral hepatitis of any other etiology other than hepatitis C.
Active systemic infections other than hepatitis C and HIV.
Liver disease caused by reasons other than hepatitis C like HBV, HDV, Wilson's hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis (ANA greater than 160) except history of drug-associated hepatitis with discontinuation of the causative agent.
Hepatic mass suggestive of hepatocellular carcinoma.
Current alcohol or substance abuse that potentially could interfere with patient compliance.
Significant heart failure.
Evidence of esophageal varices.
Any systemic illness that will make it unlikely that the subject will be able to return to NIH for the required study visits.
Evidence of gastrointestinal malabsorption or chronic nausea or vomiting.
Male partners of pregnant women.
Currently taking didanosine (ddl or Videx-EC or Videx) as part of antiretroviral regimen.
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00018031|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||010194, 01-I-0194|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Shyamasundaran Kottilil, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||September 2014|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP