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Trial record 2 of 5 for:    CATIE

CATIE-Alzheimer's Disease Trial

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Identifier:
First received: April 20, 2001
Last updated: February 11, 2009
Last verified: February 2009

April 20, 2001
February 11, 2009
March 2001
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00015548 on Archive Site
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CATIE-Alzheimer's Disease Trial
Comparative Effectiveness of Antipsychotic Medications in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease (CATIE Alzheimer's Disease Trial)

The CATIE Alzheimer's Disease Trial is part of the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) Project. The study is for people with Alzheimer's disease who are having trouble with their thinking or behavior. In particular, this study is trying to find out the best treatment for people who have hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren't there), delusions (false beliefs), or agitation. The design of the trial helps to increase the chance that participants in the study receive a medication that helps them. The study uses three medications known as atypical antipsychotics (olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone), which are the newest medications that are currently available for treating these problems. Participants may also receive an antidepressant (citalopram). The trial lasts for 36 weeks. Participants are given a thorough evaluation at no cost to ensure that this study is appropriate. In addition, the caregiver, family member, or friend who comes with the participant will be offered an educational program about Alzheimer's disease.

There are four phases.

Phase I: In the initial treatment phase (Phase 1), patients will be randomized to one of the three atypical antipsychotics or placebo in the ratio 100:100:100:150 respectively. After two weeks, the investigator can move the patient to the next phase because of lack of efficacy or tolerability. At week 12, the investigator can decide whether the current medication is sufficiently optimal or it would be more beneficial to try another randomized medication.

Phase 2: Phase 2 starts when the patient is randomized to a second medication, i.e., olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, or citalopram. Patients will be randomized from an antipsychotic treatment to another antipsychotic treatment or citalopram in the ratio 3:3:2, or from placebo to an antipsychotic treatment or citalopram in the ratio 1:1:1:3 respectively. Therefore, 50% of patients who took placebo in Phase 1 will be randomized to an antipsychotic in Phase 2, and 50% will be randomized to citalopram in Phase 2. After the initial two weeks in Phase 2, the investigator can move the patient to the next phase, due to lack of efficacy or tolerability. After the patient has been on the Phase 2 study drug for approximately 12 weeks, the investigator can decide whether the current medication is sufficiently optimal or whether it would be more beneficial to try another randomized medication.

Phase 3: Phase 3 is randomized open-label treatment of one of the medications not previously received, i.e., olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, or citalopram. Treatment failures to the second treatment can be switched to a third open-label treatment. During Phase 3 patients will be maintained on their treatments openly and managed clinically until week 36.

If the investigator determines that the patient's response is not sufficiently optimal to the randomized open-label medication, then after the first two weeks of Phase 3, the investigator can prescribe another medication (of the investigator's choice) to the patient. If this occurs then patients are classed as being in the Open-Choice Phase.

Open-Choice Phase: The Open-Choice Phase can be entered at anytime during the 36-week study and directly from any of the three phases. There are four reasons a patient can enter the open choice phase:

  • Withdrawal from Phase 1 or Phase 2 with the patient or surrogate decision-maker refusing to proceed to the next randomized phase;
  • Withdrawal from Phase 3;
  • Withdrawal from current study drug from any of the three previous phases due to antipsychotic medication no longer being required in the opinion of the investigator; or
  • Withdrawal due to concomitant treatment with an exclusionary medication.

The Open-Choice Phase is designed to keep patients monitored in the trial for the 36-week duration.

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Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Alzheimer's Disease
  • Drug: Olanzapine
  • Drug: Quetiapine
  • Drug: Risperidone
  • Drug: Citalopram
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
October 2004
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type
  • Ambulatory, Outpatients who have an informant living/visiting at least 8 hours/week over 3-4 days.
  • Presence of delusions, hallucinations, agitation impacting functioning and requiring medication treatment
  • Agitation or psychotic symptoms began after signs or symptoms of dementia

Exclusion (prospective participants must not:)

  • Be benefiting from psychotropic medication, antidepressants or anticonvulsants
  • Be diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder or mood disorder with psychotic features.
  • Have severe or unstable medical illness requiring active treatment
  • Have hypersensitivity or intolerance of any of the study medications
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Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
N01 MH090001-05, N01 MH90001-AD, DSIR AT
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National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
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Principal Investigator: Lon Schneider, MD University of Southern California
Principal Investigator: Pierre Tariot, MD University of Rochester
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
February 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP