Hormone Replacement Therapy to Treat Turner Syndrome
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 20, 2001|
|Last Updated Date||March 3, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||March 2001|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00013546 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Hormone Replacement Therapy to Treat Turner Syndrome|
|Official Title ICMJE||Turner Syndrome: Hormone Replacement Therapy|
This study will evaluate the effects of hormone replacement therapy on patients with Turner syndrome (TS)-a genetic disorder in females in which part or all of one X chromosome is missing. Most girls and women with TS have underdeveloped ovaries-the female reproductive organs that produce the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone, and smaller amounts of the male sex hormone, testosterone. These hormones affect muscle and bone strength, sex drive, energy, and an overall sense of well being. Estrogen may also play a role in memory and mood and have a protective effect against heart disease. Women with TS have a much higher risk of developing osteoporosis (loss of bone density), high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes than women without this disorder.
Girls and women with Turner syndrome between the ages of 14 and 50 years may be eligible for this 2-year study. Three months before beginning treatment, all patients will wear an estrogen patch and take a progesterone tablet daily for 10 days each month. They will then be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups to compare the effects of estrogen alone with estrogen plus testosterone on bone strength, muscle and fat mass and psychosocial well being. Both groups will wear an estrogen patch and take oral progesterone. One group will also wear a testosterone patch while the other group will wear a placebo patch (a patch that does not contain any testosterone). Neither study participants nor the doctors will know who is getting the testosterone until the study is complete. Patients will undergo the following procedures before beginning treatment and at 6, 12 and 24 months after starting treatment:
During the hospital admissions, patients will be given a "metabolic diet" that contains specific amounts of salt and carbohydrates to ensure accurate blood pressure and sugar metabolism measurements. Patients will keep a record of their menstrual periods and physical activity throughout the treatment period.
Turner Syndrome (TS) is characterized by ovarian dysgenesis and short stature resulting from the partial or complete deletion of one X-chromosome. Adults with TS have excessive rates of osteoporosis, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus and may have increased morbidity and mortality as a result. These problems of adults with TS may be secondary to deficiency of ovarian hormones or may result from halpo-insufficiency for as yet unknown X-chromosome genes. There have been no prospective, controlled studies of the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in TS, but available data suggest that conventional oral HRT designed for postmenopausal women may not prevent osteoporosis and may aggravate hypertension in this disorder. Of note, girls and women with TS are deficient in ovarian androgens as well as estrogen, and have reduced muscle mass, which may contribute to osteoporosis and insulin resistance. In addition, reduced androgens may contribute to the impairment of self esteem and social interactions suffered by many with TS. In this study, two different hormone regimens for TS will be compared in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind design. Both groups will receive transdermal estradiol (E2, 100 mcg/day) with cyclic progesterone; one group will receive a physiological dose of testosterone (T) by transdermal patch while the other group will receive a placebo patch. The treatment duration is 2 years. Major outcome parameters include predicted improvements in bone mineral density, body composition and psychosocial well-being. Essential information will be collected on the effects of hormone treatments on insulin sensitivity and blood pressure in TS. This study will help to optimize hormone replacement treatment for women with TS, and to clarify which of the metabolic problems of TS are secondary to ovarian hormone deficiency, and which are due to genetic factors.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: TMTDS|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||December 2002|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Girls and women with TS diagnosed by karyotype or other genetic evidence of X-chromosome defects and ovarian failure (diagnosed by failure to enter puberty spontaneously by age 18 or 2nd degree amenorrhea greater than 6 months and FSH greater than 40 mIU/ml)
Subjects with TS who have been previously exposed to estrogen and progestin effect, either endogenous or exogenous by medical treatment, sufficient to establish secondary sexual development and menses
Subjects with TS - ages 14 to 50, who have completed near final height, as demonstrated by a bone age of greater than or equal to 14 years
Chronological or bone age of less than 14 years
Chronological age greater than 50 years
Chromosomal disorders in addition to TS
Absence of 2nd degree sexual development
Growth hormone or androgen treatment within 6 months of starting study.
Testosterone level greater than normal range for age.
Contraindications to the use of estrogen, progestin or androgens: Neoplasia; Hypercoagulation disorder; Pregnancy; Gall bladder, biliary or liver parenchymal disease (evidenced by jaundice, gastrointestinal symptomatology, other clinical evidence of cholelithiasis or hepatitis); Hypertriglyceridemia (TGs greater than 300); Active coronary disease (evidenced by documented MI or coronary angiography.
Mental or physical disability, which in the estimation of study investigators, prevents a candidate from participation in study.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00013546|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||010114, 01-CH-0114|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||December 2002|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP