Vaccine (ALVAC-HIV vCP1452) Use and Intermittent Withdrawal of Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients With HIV

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00011011
First received: February 8, 2001
Last updated: July 30, 2013
Last verified: July 2013

February 8, 2001
July 30, 2013
February 2001
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00011011 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Vaccine (ALVAC-HIV vCP1452) Use and Intermittent Withdrawal of Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients With HIV
A Randomized Phase I/II Pilot Study of Intermittent Withdrawal of Antiretroviral Therapy as an Immunization Strategy and Double-Blinded Immunization With ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 in Subjects With Persistent CD4+ Cell Counts Greater Than 400 Cells/mm3 and Plasma HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 50 Copies/ml

Long-term control of HIV depends on improvement in an individual's immune system. The purpose of this study is to see if either stopping anti-HIV drugs for short periods of time and/or adding a vaccine to the anti-HIV drugs being taken will help to better control HIV infection. The study will test whether these treatment approaches are safe. The HIV vaccine in this study has been tested in people who did not have HIV infection and improved the way their immune system worked. This study will evaluate whether these same immune system changes happen in people with HIV, and, if such changes do occur, assess whether these changes help to improve control of HIV in these patients.

The best hope for long-term control of HIV infection in an individual likely rests with the resumption of effective HIV-specific immune responses. Intermittent antiretroviral therapy (ART) withdrawal, as an attempt to "immunize" the subject with his/her own active viral quasi-species population, represents an alternative approach to traditional immunization strategies. This study hopes to determine whether intermittent ART withdrawal serves to stimulate HIV-specific immune responses and control of viral replication. This approach will be compared with vaccination with ALVAC-HIV vCP1452. In addition, it is conceivable that intermittent ART withdrawal could boost and broaden the prime response to exogenous vaccine; that will also be studied.

Patients will continue receiving their potent ART (not provided by the study) and will be randomly assigned to one of four treatment strategies as follows:

Arm A: ALVAC placebo and potent ART for 92 weeks with a single 12- to 20-week therapy withdrawal period; Arm B: ALVAC placebo and potent ART for 84 weeks with a 4- to 6-week therapy withdrawal period, a 4-week therapy withdrawal period, and a 12- to 20-week therapy withdrawal period; Arm C: ALVAC vCP1452 vaccine and potent ART for 92 weeks with a single 12- to 20-week therapy withdrawal period; and Arm D: ALVAC vCP1452 vaccine and potent ART for 84 weeks with a 4- to 6-week therapy withdrawal period, a 4-week therapy withdrawal period, and a 12- to 20-week therapy withdrawal period.

Immunizations of placebo or vaccine wil be administered in 3 separate sets of 3 injections per set (9 total) and immunization schedules are the same for all patients, those undergoing intermittent therapy withdrawal (Arms B and D) and those who are not (Arms A and C).

This is a multiple-step study. Patients in Arms B and D will receive a 4-week period of potent ART therapy along with the first set of immunizations (Step 1) followed by therapy withdrawal for 4 to 6 weeks (Step 2). Alternating periods of therapy resumption (Step 3, consisting of 16 weeks on potent ART with the second set of vaccine administrations), a second therapy withdrawal (Step 4 for 4 weeks), and another therapy resumption (Step 5, consisting of 16 weeks on potent ART with the third set of vaccine administrations) will follow. Patients in Arms A and C will remain on Step 1 for the first 44 weeks on study.

After 44 to 46 weeks on study, patients in all arms will have therapy withdrawn for 12 to 20 weeks (Step 6). Following completion of Step 6, patients whose viral load are below 10,000 copies/ml will be encouraged to remain off potent ART (Step 7) until completion of the study, as long as CD4 T-cell levels remain 50 percent or more of their baseline levels. Participants who successfully complete Step 7 will be invited to enter Step 9, a 48-week optional protocol extension. Otherwise, patients will restart their potent ART regimens (Step 8) and receive virologic and CD4 T-cell monitoring until completion of the study.

All patients will be monitored at regular clinic visits. Viral load and CD4 T-cell counts will be measured at each visit. Patients in all arms may participate in substudy A5101s (Male Genital Secretions) or substudy A5137s (Female Genital Secretions), and patients in Arms B and D may participate in substudy A5111s (Latent Infected T-Cell Clearance).

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Biological: ALVAC(2)120(B,MN)GNP (vCP1452)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
94
October 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria for Step 1

  • HIV infection
  • CD4 count greater than 400 cells/mm3 within 6 months before study entry
  • Current, persistent viral load below 400 copies/ml for 6 months before study entry and under 50 copies/ml at study screening
  • Currently receiving their first combination ART regimen (3 or more antiretrovirals) for at least 4 weeks before screening, or if the current potent ART regimen is not their first potent ART regimen, must have been receiving the current regimen for at least 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Negative pregnancy test within 45 days before study entry
  • Acceptable methods of contraception
  • Provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

  • Immunomodulators within 45 days of study entry such as systemic corticosteroids, interferons, interleukins, thalidomide, sargramostim (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF]), dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB), thymosin alpha, thymopentin, inosiplex, polyribonucleoside, and ditiocarb sodium
  • Abacavir within 8 weeks of study entry
  • Infection or medical illness within 14 days of study entry
  • Cancer that may require systemic therapy
  • History of lymph node radiation therapy
  • Prior HIV vaccine
  • Received hydroxyurea within 45 days of study entry
  • Close contact with canaries through work (e.g., breeding farms, bird shops); patients with a pet canary are not excluded
  • Abuse or dependence on drugs or alcohol
  • Allergic to albumin
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Infected with HIV within 1 year of study entry
  • Interruption of potent ART for more than 7 consecutive days within 1 year of study entry
  • History of allergy to egg proteins or neomycin
  • History of other serious acute allergic reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis, allergy-induced asthma, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis)
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00011011
A5068, 10072, Substudy AACTG A5101s, Substudy AACTG A5111s, Substudy AACTG A5137s, ACTG A5068, AACTG A5068
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Jeffrey M. Jacobson, MD Beth Israel Medical Center
Study Chair: Ian Frank, MD Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Pennsylvania
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
July 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP