Phenylbutyrate to Treat Children With Progressive or Recurrent Brain Tumors
|First Received Date ICMJE||November 7, 2000|
|Last Updated Date||March 3, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||November 2000|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006450 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Phenylbutyrate to Treat Children With Progressive or Recurrent Brain Tumors|
|Official Title ICMJE||Phase II Trial of Phenylbutyrate Given as a Continuous Infusion in Pediatric Patients With Progressive or Recurrent CNS Malignancy|
This study will examine the safety and effectiveness of treating brain tumors in children with a continuous infusion of phenylbutyrate. A breakdown product of this drug, phenylacetate, is normally found in low concentrations in the blood. At much higher concentrations, phenylbutyrate and phenylacetate are active against cancer in animals.
Patients between 2 and 21 years old with a brain tumor that has progressed or recurred after radiation or chemotherapy, including bone marrow transplant, may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history and physical examination, blood tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) of the head and, if needed, a spinal fluid test and bone marrow test.
Study participants will have a continuous infusion of phenylbutyrate for two 28-day cycles-every day, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The medicine will be infused through a thin tube (catheter) placed in a large vein in the upper chest, delivered through a portable infusion pump. Patients will be hospitalized for at least 3 days when the treatment begins. If there are no side effects at that time, the infusions can continue on an outpatient basis. The patient or care giver will receive the medicine in 4-day supplies and will be taught how to change the bag and tubing daily for drug administration, as well as how to use the infusion pump. Patients will be monitored with weekly blood tests to look for side effects and measure blood levels of phenylbutyrate. They will have a physical examination at least once a week. At the end of the second 28-day cycle, patients will have a CT or MRI scan to evaluate the tumor's response to treatment. Patients whose tumor has grown will stop treatment and come off the study. Those whose tumor has remained stable or shrunk may continue phenylbutyrate as long as the treatment is beneficial and there are no serious side effects. CT or MRI scans will be done after every 2 cycles (or sooner if needed) to evaluate the treatment.
Patients with certain tumor types (medulloblastoma, PNET, ependymoma, malignant germ cell tumor and pineoblastoma) or who have symptoms that indicate there might be tumor along the spinal cord may have a spinal tap. For this procedure, the patient lies on the side and a needle is inserted between two vertebrae (bones of the spine) in the lower back, into the cerebrospinal fluid space. A sample of fluid is drawn for testing for cancer cells. If the tumor has spread through the spinal fluid, a spinal tap will be done every other cycle (every 2 months) to monitor the effects of therapy.
Phenylbutyrate is an aromatic fatty acid that is converted to phenylacetate in vivo by mitochondrial Beta-oxidation to phenylacetate. Preclinical studies have shown that continuous exposure to phenylacetate or phenylbutyrate can induce tumor cytostasis and differentiation in a wide variety of cell lines including malignant gliomas and neuroblastomas. However, phenylbutyrate has been shown to be a more potent differentiating agent than phenylacetate in a variety of tumor cell lines. In addition, phenylbutyrate appears to have molecular activities that are distinct from phenylacetate and may induce apoptosis. Phase I trials in adults and children have established the feasibility of administering phenylbutyrate on a prolonged schedule. A phase II trial of phenylbutyrate administered as a continuous intravenous infusion will be performed in children with recurrent or progressive brain tumors.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Brain Tumor|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Phenylbutyrate|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||July 2002|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Age: Patients must be between 2 and 21 years old.
Histologic diagnosis: Previously treated brain tumor patients with any histologic diagnosis who have recurrent or progressive disease after radiation or chemotherapy, including bone marrow transplant. For patients with brainstem tumors the requirement for histologic verification may be waived. However, for patients with brainstem tumors treated with hyperfractionated radiotherapy a biopsy, a PET scan or NMR spectroscopy is strongly recommended prior to study entry to rule out radionecrosis as a possible cause of MRI changes. A biopsy, PET scan, or NMR spectroscopy is required for patients treated with radiosurgery prior to study entry.
Phenylbutyrate will be studied within each of the following disease strata as defined by the initial tumor histology:
Radiologic evaluation: (must be obtained within two weeks prior to starting therapy) Patients must have a CT or MRI imaging studies documenting the measurable lesion(s) that clearly demonstrates the recurrent or progressive nature of the lesion(s).
Recovery from prior therapy:
Life Expectancy: Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 8 weeks.
Performance status: For patients older than or equal to 10 years the Karnofsky performance score must be 50 percent or greater. For children younger than 10 years, the Lansky score must be 50 percent or greater. Patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheel chair will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of calculating the performance score.
Informed consent: All patients or their legal guardians (if the patient is younger than 18 years of age) must sign a document of informed consent indicating their awareness of the investigational nature and the risks of this study. When appropriate the patient will be included in all discussions in order to obtain verbal assent.
Hematological parameters: (must be obtained within 1 week prior to starting therapy). Patients must have adequate bone marrow function (ANC greater than 1,000/mm(3); platelet count greater than 50,000/mm(3); hgb greater than 8.0 mg/dL).
Patients with histologic evidence of bone marrow involvement by tumor, or a history of either bone marrow transplantation or extensive radiotherapy (craniospinal XRT or field encompassing a region greater than the hemipelvis) will be eligible and for the study but will be evaluated separately for hematologic toxicity. Transfusion support may be used to obtain hematologic parameters in such patients.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00006450|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||010028, 01-C-0028|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||July 2002|
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