Safety, Tolerability, and Anti-HIV Activity of PEG-Intron in HIV-Positive Children
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 2, 2000|
|Last Updated Date||May 18, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006325 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Safety, Tolerability, and Anti-HIV Activity of PEG-Intron in HIV-Positive Children|
|Official Title ICMJE||Safety, Tolerability, Antiviral Activity, and Pharmacokinetics of PEG-Intron in HIV-1 Infected Children|
The purpose of this study is to see if PEG-Intron is safe and tolerated when given to children, to see how much gets into the blood and how long it stays in the blood, and to see how well it works to reduce viral load (level of HIV in the blood).
PEG-Intron is an experimental drug that works differently than other anti-HIV medications. It decreases the ability of HIV to infect the T cells (a special type of cell that helps fight infection). PEG-Intron has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat hepatitis C in adults, but in this study, it is being used as an investigational agent for the treatment of HIV/AIDS. It has not been tested in children before and experience with PEG-Intron in adults is limited. (This protocol has been changed to reflect FDA approval of PEG-Intron for treating hepatitic C in adults.)
The current optimal clinical management of HIV infection involves therapy with combinations of nucleoside and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and HIV protease inhibitors. These regimens, though effective, do not completely eliminate HIV and the development of drug resistance is a major clinical problem. Interferons have been proposed as a possible treatment of HIV. Interferon-alfa inhibits HIV replication in vitro, and HIV-infected patients appear to have reduced production of interferons. Previous short-term clinical studies in adults showed anti-HIV activity, although there were safety and tolerability problems associated with the higher dose regimens used. This study will utilize a rising multiple-dose design to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of single and multiple doses of PEG-Intron in HIV-infected children.
In a dose-escalation study, patients add weekly PEG-Intron to their antiretroviral therapy for up to 6 weeks. The first 2 doses are received in the clinic where parents/guardians are trained to administer injections, and succeeding doses are given at home.
Patients are enrolled from 2 cohorts. An older cohort of ages 2 to 16 years receives PEG-Intron at the lowest drug level. If the dose is tolerated, patients are added and if safety criteria are met, patients are enrolled in the next higher dose level. The dose level will be increased similarly for up to 4 doses. An optimal dose level is chosen.
Cohort II patients are a younger group ranging from 3 months to under 2 years of age. Patients initially receive the next lower PEG-Intron dose to the optimal dose identified in Cohort I [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/23/01: or 1 microg/kg if the optimal dose proves to be 1 microg/kg]. If this dose is safely tolerated, additional patients are added. If this dose level meets safety criteria, patients are enrolled to receive the optimal dose level. Patients are evaluated with the same safety criteria as Cohort I. Patients in both cohorts who have at least a 0.5 log reduction in HIV RNA at 28 days of treatment are offered continued treatment for a total of 60 weeks.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||HIV Infections|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2b|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients may be eligible for this study if they:
Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:
|Ages||3 Months to 16 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00006325|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||P1017, PACTG P1017, ACTG P1017, 11652|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||May 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP