Role of Prostaglandins in the Regulation of Brain Blood Flow

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006318
First received: September 30, 2000
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: December 2003

September 30, 2000
March 3, 2008
September 2000
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006318 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Role of Prostaglandins in the Regulation of Brain Blood Flow
Role of Prostaglandins in the Control of Cerebral Blood Flow During Hypercapnia and Functional Activation in Humans

This study will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to examine the role of prostaglandins-a type of fatty acid with hormone-like actions-in the regulation of brain blood flow. The results will provide information on how to better use this technique to study brain function, which, in turn, may lead to a better understanding of certain illnesses and more effective treatments.

Healthy normal volunteers 18 years of age and older may be eligible for this study. Participants will fill out a health questionnaire and undergo a history, physical examination and MRI studies. MRI is a diagnostic tool that uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves instead of X-rays to show structural and chemical changes in tissues. During the scanning, the subject lies on a table in a narrow cylinder containing a magnetic field. An intercom system allows the subject to speak with the staff member performing the study at all times during the procedure. Four separate studies will be done-two carbon dioxide inhalation studies and two functional activation studies-as follows:

Carbon dioxide inhalation (indomethacin): This study is done in two parts. In both parts, an MRI brain scan is done. During the scan, the subject inhales an air mixture containing 6% carbon dioxide through a facemask or mouthpiece. Blood pressure and heart rate are monitored during inhalation of the mixture. For the second part of the study, indomethacin-a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-is injected through a catheter (thin flexible tube) in an arm vein. Indomethacin inhibits prostaglandin production. Total scan time averages between 45 and 90 minutes, with a maximum of 2 hours.

Carbon dioxide inhalation (rofecoxib and celecoxib): This study is identical to the one above, except either rofecoxib or celecoxib is given instead of indomethacin. Both of these drugs are also non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that inhibit prostaglandin production. Unlike indomethacin, rofecoxib and celecoxib are given orally instead of through a vein, so, to allow time for the drug to be absorbed, the second scan is delayed for 2 hours.

Functional activation (indomethacin): This study is done in two parts. In both parts, a MRI brain scan is done. During the study, the subject performs a simple motor task, such as finger tapping. For the second part of the study, indomethacin is injected through a catheter in an arm vein.

Functional activation (rofecoxib and celecoxib): This study is identical to the indomethacin functional activation study, except either rofecoxib or celecoxib is given instead of indomethacin. Because they are given orally instead of through a vein, the second scan is delayed 2 hours to allow time for the drug to be absorbed.

Advances in MR perfusion imaging have provided clinical researchers with the opportunity to quantify regional increases in cerebral blood flow. The purpose of this study is to investigate in humans the role of prostaglandins in the regulation of cerebral blood flow during hypercapnia and functional activation. For this investigation the increase in cerebral blood flow associated with either hypercapnia or functional activation will be measured before and after the administration of pharmacological agents that inhibit the production of prostaglandins. In the hypercapnia study cerebral blood flow will be increased by inhalation of an air mixture containing 6% CO2. For the functional activation study cerebral blood flow will be increased by a sensory motor task.

Observational
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  • Healthy
  • Hypercapnia
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
125
December 2003
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INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Any healthy normal volunteer above the age of 18 who is capable of giving informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects will be excluded for the following reasons.

They have contraindications to MR scanning, such as the following: aneurysm clip, implanted neural stimulator, implanted cardiac pacemaker or autodefibrillator, cochlear implant, ocular foreign body (e.g., metal shavings), or insulin pump.

They have panic disorder or migraine (because of possible complications with CO2 inhalation).

They have cirrhosis, any renal dysfunction, or a chronic respiratory illness (such as asthma).

They have allergies to sulfonamide drugs or cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors (NSAIDS).

Both
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Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00006318
000226, 00-CC-0226
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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
December 2003

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP