Immune Response to Hepatitis C Virus
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 27, 2000|
|Last Updated Date||June 7, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||September 2000|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006301 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Immune Response to Hepatitis C Virus|
|Official Title ICMJE||Evaluation of the Immune Response in Humans After Exposure to Hepatitis C Virus|
This study will identify and characterize immune factors involved in hepatitis C infection and elimination of the virus. Individual responses to hepatitis C infection vary; some people are able to eliminate the virus, whereas others remain chronically infected. This study may identify factors important in preventing infection that may be of help in developing a vaccine or more effective treatments.
People over 18 years old who have been exposed to hepatitis C virus may participate in this study. Subjects will be recruited from the National Institutes of Health, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Occupational Medical Services-IDP P.C., Washington Hospital Center and Holy Cross Hospital, all in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. Individual patients from other centers will also be recruited on a case by case basis.
Participants will have 40 to 60 cc (1 to 2 ounces) of blood drawn at seven intervals. The first collection will be as soon as possible after exposure to hepatitis C virus and then again at 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 48 weeks after exposure. The white blood cells will be studied for their response to the virus, and markers for infection will be followed. If infection develops, additional samples of blood may be requested, and patients will be offered evaluation for treatment. Test results will be kept confidential and will not be entered into any medical records.
The course and outcome of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is determined by both host and viral factors, none of which have been well defined. In this study, we will follow and assess patients who are occupationally exposed to HCV for viral and immunologic factors that may relate to disease outcome. This protocol is mostly a sample acquisition protocol to support laboratory research. Patients will be interviewed and have blood (and lymphocytes) taken as soon as possible after exposure and again after 2, 4, 6, 12, 24 and 48 weeks. Virological markers, serum antibodies and both CD4 and CD8 T cell responses to HCV will be monitored. Persons who develop hepatitis C will be referred for therapy or enrolled in therapeutic trials currently in place at the National Institutes of Health. These studies will help define the relative roles of virological and immunological factors in determining the course and outcome of HCV infection.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Condition ICMJE||Hepatitis C|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||243|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Male or female;
All ethnic groups;
Age above 18 years;
Defined exposure to hepatitis C.
Subjects with a Hct of less than 30.
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00006301|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||000221, 00-DK-0221|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||May 2014|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP