Paclitaxel Compared With Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With Advanced AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003350
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: January 9, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

November 1, 1999
January 9, 2013
March 1999
March 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to progression or to death from any cause, assessed up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The group sequential method by O'Brien and Fleming for the two-sided test will be used. The significance level will be based on the type I error spending function of Lan and DeMets such that the overall significance level will be maintained at 0.05.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003350 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Patients' health related quality of life (QOL) in terms of change in pain score, edema-related mobility, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and respiratory symptoms based on the total score from the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) v3 [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The relationship between the clinical benefits and the responses measured by the current Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) response criteria as well as the clinical benefits and the standard QOL assessments will be described. Difference in linear temporal trends in QOL across treatment groups compared using mixed effects linear regression models. Polynomial terms will be incorporated into the models if a linear relationship does not adequately account for the temporal trends in QOL.
  • Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Complete response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicities in terms of nausea/vomiting, alopecia, neuropathy and mouth sores, based on the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI CTC) v2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection assessed with respect to cluster of differentiation (CD)4 and CD8 lymphocyte subsets [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Relationship between viral load and response will be assessed.
  • HIV infection assessed with respect to HIV viral load [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Relationship between viral load and response will be assessed.
  • HIV infection assessed with respect to incidence and type of opportunistic infections [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Relationship between viral load and response will be assessed.
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Paclitaxel Compared With Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With Advanced AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma
Phase III Study of Paclitaxel Versus Liposomal Doxorubicin for the Treatment of Advanced AIDS-Associated Kaposi's Sarcoma

Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of paclitaxel with that of doxorubicin in treating patients who have advanced AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether paclitaxel is more effective than doxorubicin in treating patients with advanced AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the effect of therapy with paclitaxel to therapy with liposomal doxorubicin on progression-free survival and on global assessment of quality of life of subjects with advanced AIDS-related K.S.

II. To compare the toxicity profile of intravenous paclitaxel with liposomal doxorubicin in patients with advanced AIDS-related K.S.

III. To compare the overall and complete response rate of intravenous paclitaxel with liposomal doxorubicin in patients with advanced AIDS-related K.S.

IV. To evaluate the effect of intravenous paclitaxel as compared with therapy with liposomal doxorubicin on the clinical course of HIV infection in patients with advanced AIDS-related K.S., by monitoring CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte subsets, HIV viral load and the incidence and type of opportunistic infections.

V. To explore the relationship between viral load and response to the therapy for patients with AIDS-related K.S.

VI. To describe the relationship between "technical" response as measured by the current KS response criteria and the clinical benefit of therapy as measured by the revised KS clinical benefit criteria.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to receive either paclitaxel (arm I) or doxorubicin HCL liposome(arm II).

Arm I: Patients receive paclitaxel over 3 hours by intravenous infusion. Treatment course repeats every 2 weeks. Patients are evaluated every third course.

Arm II: Patients receive doxorubicin HCL liposome over 30-60 minutes by intravenous infusion. Treatment course is repeated every 3 weeks. Patients are evaluated before every odd course.

Patients in both arms continue treatment if there is no disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with complete response continue on study treatment for 2 courses beyond documented complete response.

Quality of life is assessed before, during, and after treatment.

Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years, then every 6 months for years 2-5, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be 240 patients (120 patients in each arm) accrued into this study over 24 months.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
AIDS-related Kaposi Sarcoma
  • Drug: paclitaxel
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • Anzatax
    • Asotax
    • TAX
    • Taxol
  • Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • CAELYX
    • Dox-SL
    • DOXIL
    • doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome
    • LipoDox
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
    Ancillary studies
    Other Name: quality of life assessment
  • Experimental: Arm I (paclitaxel)

    Patients receive paclitaxel over 3 hours by intravenous infusion. Treatment course repeats every 2 weeks. Patients are evaluated every third course.

    Patients in both arms continue treatment if there is no disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with complete response continue on study treatment for 2 courses beyond documented complete response.

    Quality of life is assessed before, during, and after treatment.

    Interventions:
    • Drug: paclitaxel
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
  • Experimental: Arm II (pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride)

    Patients receive doxorubicin HCL liposome over 30-60 minutes by intravenous infusion. Treatment course is repeated every 3 weeks. Patients are evaluated before every odd course.

    Patients in both arms continue treatment if there is no disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with complete response continue on study treatment for 2 courses beyond documented complete response.

    Quality of life is assessed before, during, and after treatment.

    Interventions:
    • Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    • Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
240
Not Provided
March 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Serologic diagnosis of HIV infection as documented by a positive ELISA and confirmed with a western blot, other federally approved HIV diagnostic test, or HIV viral load measurement
  • Biopsy-proven, measurable Kaposi's sarcoma with any of the following:

    • Progressive cutaneous disease
    • Symptomatic oropharyngeal or conjunctival lesions
    • Any visceral involvement
    • Tumor-related lymphedema
    • Tumor-related ulceration or pain
    • NOTE: All patients must have measurable disease; baseline measurements must be obtained < 4 weeks prior to registration
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • ANC >= 1000/mm³ (with or without the use of colony-stimulating factors)
  • Platelet count >= 50,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 gm/dL
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (unless elevation is due to Crixivan administration with isolated elevation in conjugated bilirubin)
  • SGOT or SGPT =< 5 x the upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine =< 2.1 mg/dl
  • Women must not be pregnant or lactating due to potential toxicity of therapy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active men must be advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception due to potential toxicity of therapy
  • No prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy for Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Prior radiation therapy must have been discontinued >= 7 days prior to randomization and must NOT have been delivered to marker lesions; (NOTE: Radiation therapy will not be permitted during study treatment)
  • No active, untreated infection (no new opportunistic infectious complications within the previous week requiring a change in antibiotics); maintenance therapy for opportunistic infections will be allowed
  • No prior or concomitant malignancy other than curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal/squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • No neuropsychiatric history or altered mental status that might prevent informed consent or affect the ability of the patient to comply with the study
  • Institutions must ask patients to participate in the quality of life portion of the protocol; however, patients may decline participation in this component of the study and still be eligible; the reason for refusal or inability to complete the QOL assessments must be documented in the Assessment Compliance Form (#596)
  • Must not be known to be sensitive to E. coli derived proteins
  • No history of cardiac insufficiency (NY Heart Association status >= 2)
  • Patients must be on stable (no change in drugs or doses) antiretroviral therapy for greater than 14 days prior to study; a combination regimen is required; ideally this will be a protease inhibitor containing triple therapy regimen
  • Patients must give signed, written informed consent
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00003350
NCI-2012-03149, E1D96, U10CA021115, CDR0000066331
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Jamie Von Roenn Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP