High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation Compared With Standard Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Women With High-Risk Breast Cancer (15-95)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
International Breast Cancer Study Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002784
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: April 3, 2013
Last verified: July 2012

November 1, 1999
April 3, 2013
June 1996
August 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Disease-free survival. [ Time Frame: 16 years after randomization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Time from randomization to recurrence (including recurrence isolated to the breast), metastasis, appearance of a second primary tumor, or death from any cause, whichever occurs first.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002784 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Overall survival. [ Time Frame: 16 years after randomization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time from randomization to death from any cause.
  • Toxicity. [ Time Frame: 5 years after randomization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Morbidity information was recorded using standard toxicity criteria.
  • Quality of life. [ Time Frame: 16 years after randomization. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Quality of life was assessed using standard International Breast Cancer Study Group instruments.
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy Plus Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation Compared With Standard Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Women With High-Risk Breast Cancer
Randomized Trial of High-dose Epirubicin and Cyclophosphamide x 3 Supported by Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cells Versus Anthracycline and Cyclophosphamide x 4 Followed by Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil x 3 as Adjuvant Treatment for High Risk Operable Stage ii and Stage Iii Breast Cancer in Premenopausal and Young Postmenopausal (Less Than or Equal to 65 Yrs) Patients.

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known if high-dose combination chemotherapy plus peripheral stem cell transplantation is more effective than standard combination chemotherapy for breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare high-dose combination chemotherapy plus peripheral stem cell transplantation with standard combination chemotherapy in treating women with stage II or stage III breast cancer.

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the survival, disease-free survival, and systemic disease-free survival of women with high-risk, operable stage II/III breast cancer treated with three courses of dose-intensive epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (EC) supported by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and G-CSF-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells vs. standard EC followed by cyclophosphamide/methotrexate/fluorouracil. II. Compare the toxicity, duration of quality-adjusted time without symptoms and toxicity, and quality of life associated with these two treatments. III. Evaluate the cost effectiveness of these two treatments.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by estrogen receptor status and menopausal status. Within 6 weeks of surgery, patients in the first group receive epirubicin (preferred) or doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide every 3 weeks for 4 courses followed by conventional cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) every 4 weeks for 3 courses. Patients in the second group undergo stem cell mobilization and harvest with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) followed within 10 weeks of surgery by high-dose chemotherapy with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by peripheral blood stem cell rescue and G-CSF. All patients receive adjuvant tamoxifen, and patients who underwent lumpectomy prior to entry are required to receive adjuvant radiotherapy (radiotherapy is optional for patients who underwent mastectomy prior to entry). Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, then q 6 months for 3 years, then yearly.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 210 patients will be accrued over 4 years to provide 195 evaluable patients.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Breast Cancer
  • Biological: filgrastim
    Filgrastim 10 mg/kg/d sc for 6 days after randomization.
  • Drug: CMF regimen
    Cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m2 orally days 1 - 14, methotrexate 40 mg/m2 iv days 1 and 8, 5-fluorouracil 600 mg/m2 iv days 1 and 8. Repeat every 28 days.
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    For high-dose EC arm: cyclophosphamide 4 gm/m2 iv as 4 divided doses. For standard chemotherapy arm: cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 iv day 1 of 21-day EC cycles, and cyclophosphamide 100 mg/m2 orally on days 1-14 of 28-day CMF cycles.
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    Doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 iv on day 1 of 21-day cycles of AC.
  • Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride
    Epirubicin 90 mg/m2 iv on day 1 of 21-day cycles of EC.
  • Drug: fluorouracil
    5-fluorouracil 600 mg/m2 iv days 1 and 8 of 28-day cycles of CMF.
  • Drug: mesna
    MESNA (7.2 gm/m2) on days 2 and 3 of 21-day cycles of dose-intensive EC.
  • Drug: methotrexate
    Methotrexate 40 mg/m2 iv on days 1 and 8 of 28-day cycles of CMF.
  • Drug: tamoxifen citrate
    Tamoxifen 20mg daily for 5 years or until relapse.
  • Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
    Peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) infusion on day 5 of each 21-day cycle of dose-intensive EC.
  • Radiation: low-LET electron therapy
    Radiation therapy to the conserved breast is mandatory, to be carried out according to the prospectively defined guidelines of each participating institution; either after all chemotherapy or integrated into CMF as agreed per institution. Radiotherapy to the chest wall following mastectomy is optional according to the prospectively defined guidelines of each participating institution.
  • Radiation: low-LET photon therapy
    radiation therapy to the conserved breast is mandatory, to be carried out according to the prospectively defined guidelines of each participating institution; either after all chemotherapy or integrated into CMF as agreed per institution. Radiotherapy to the chest wall following mastectomy is optional according to the prospectively defined guidelines of each participating institution.
  • Active Comparator: Standard chemotherapy
    EC/AC x 4 followed by CMF x 3 and tamoxifen to 5 years after randomization.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: CMF regimen
    • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: fluorouracil
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Drug: tamoxifen citrate
    • Radiation: low-LET electron therapy
    • Radiation: low-LET photon therapy
  • Experimental: Dose-intensive EC
    High-dose EC x 3 supported by peripheral blood progenitor cells and tamoxifen to 5 years after randomization.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: filgrastim
    • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: mesna
    • Drug: tamoxifen citrate
    • Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
    • Radiation: low-LET electron therapy
    • Radiation: low-LET photon therapy

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
344
December 2011
August 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven breast carcinoma in one of the following categories: 10 or more involved axillary nodes 5 or more involved axillary nodes and either: Primary tumor estrogen receptor (ER)-negative (less than 10 femtomoles per milligram of cytosol protein) T3 tumor (regardless of ER status) Total mastectomy or breast-conserving procedure (lumpectomy or quadrantectomy) required within 6 weeks prior to randomization Tumor confined to breast and axillary nodes (T1a-c, T2, or T3, N1-2, M0 by the UICC staging system) The following conditions exclude entry: Satellite skin nodules distant from the primary tumor Supraclavicular node involvement Inoperable, matted axillary nodes Fixation of primary tumor to chest wall (excluding pectoralis major) Bilateral breast cancer (any mass in opposite breast unless biopsy-proven benign) Hot spots on bone scintigram (unless confirmed to be benign) Skeletal pain of unknown cause Hormone receptor status: ER status determination preferred, but not required

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 16-65 Sex: Women only Menopausal status: Any status Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 Platelets at least 100,000 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.1 mg/dL (20 micromoles/L) AST no greater than twice normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.3 mg/dL (120 micromoles/L) Cardiovascular: Left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 50% by MUGA Other: No second malignancy except: Basal cell carcinoma Adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix No significant nonmalignant disease that would preclude participation No psychiatric or addictive disorder that would compromise informed consent or participation No pregnant or nursing women Adequate contraception strongly advised for fertile women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy for breast cancer other than surgery (see Disease Characteristics)

Female
16 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Switzerland,   Australia
 
NCT00002784
CDR0000064834, IBCSG-15-95, EU-96021
Yes
International Breast Cancer Study Group
International Breast Cancer Study Group
Not Provided
Study Chair: Russell Basser, MD Melbourne Health
International Breast Cancer Study Group
July 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP