The Safety and Effectiveness of Cidofovir in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) of the Eyes in Patients With AIDS

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002437
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: November 1994

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002437 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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The Safety and Effectiveness of Cidofovir in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) of the Eyes in Patients With AIDS
A Phase II/III Study of the Safety and Efficacy of 1-(S)-(3-Hydroxy-2-Phosphonylmethoxypropyl)Cytosine Dihydrate (Cidofovir; HPMPC) for the Treatment of Peripheral Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in Patients With AIDS

To determine whether cidofovir (HPMPC) therapy administered by intravenous infusion can extend the time to progression of peripheral cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in AIDS patients. To evaluate the safety and tolerance of HPMPC therapy when administered by intravenous infusion in AIDS patients with CMV retinitis that is not immediately sight-threatening. To evaluate the virologic effects of intravenous HPMPC therapy on CMV shedding in urine, blood, and/or semen. To evaluate the impact of HPMPC therapy on visual acuity.

Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Group A receives HPMPC by IV infusion weekly for 2 consecutive weeks (induction) and then every other week (maintenance) with oral probenecid and IV hydration. Group B receives no treatment until the time of retinitis progression (deferred treatment), at which time they receive the same regimen as Group A, provided retinitis progression is not immediately sight-threatening.

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
  • HIV Infections
  • Drug: Cidofovir
  • Drug: Probenecid
Not Provided
Lalezari J, et al. A phase II/III randomized study of immediate versus deferred intravenous (IV) cidofovir (CDV, HPMPC) for the treatment of peripheral CMV retinitis (CMV-R) in patients with AIDS. Natl Conf Hum Retroviruses Relat Infect (2nd). 1995 Jan 29-Feb 2:170

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
48
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antiretroviral agents.
  • Oral trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Dapsone.
  • Fluconazole.
  • Rifabutin.
  • Filgrastim (G-CSF).
  • p24 vaccine.

Patients must have:

  • Diagnosis of AIDS by CDC criteria.
  • Diagnosis of peripheral (not immediately sight-threatening) CMV retinitis.
  • Visual acuity in the affected eye of >= three lines on the ETDRS (Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study) chart at 1 m distance.
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
  • Consent of parent or guardian in patients less than 18 years of age.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Acyclovir.
  • Prior ganciclovir, foscarnet, or CMV hyperimmune immunoglobulin if given solely as prophylaxis.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Media opacity that precludes visualization of the fundus of both eyes.
  • Retinal detachment.
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease, including symptoms of ischemia, congestive heart failure, or arrhythmia.
  • Active medical problems considered sufficient to hinder study compliance.
  • Known clinically significant allergy to probenecid.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Acyclovir (may be reinstituted following development of herpetic lesions).
  • Ganciclovir.
  • Foscarnet.
  • Amphotericin B.
  • Diuretics.
  • Aminoglycoside antibiotics.
  • CMV hyperimmune immunoglobulin.
  • Intravenous pentamidine.
  • Other nephrotoxic agents.
  • Other investigational drugs with potential nephrotoxicity.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prior ganciclovir, foscarnet, or CMV hyperimmune immunoglobulin as therapy for CMV disease (although permitted if previously received solely as prophylaxis).

Excluded within 1 week prior to study entry:

  • Amphotericin B.
  • Vidarabine.
  • Other nephrotoxic agents.
  • Aminoglycoside antibiotics.
  • Intravenous pentamidine. Drug or alcohol abuse.
Both
13 Years to 60 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   United Kingdom
 
NCT00002437
216A, GS-93-106
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Gilead Sciences
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NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
November 1994

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP