Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

A Randomized Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Two Regimens of Oral Ganciclovir to Intravenous Ganciclovir Maintenance Therapy for Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in People With AIDS Who Have Received Prior Ganciclovir Therapy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002247
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: March 1993

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002247 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Randomized Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Two Regimens of Oral Ganciclovir to Intravenous Ganciclovir Maintenance Therapy for Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in People With AIDS Who Have Received Prior Ganciclovir Therapy
A Randomized Study Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of Two Regimens of Oral Ganciclovir to Intravenous Ganciclovir Maintenance Therapy for Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in People With AIDS Who Have Received Prior Ganciclovir Therapy

To compare the safety and tolerance of oral ganciclovir at a double dose 3 times/day or a single dose 6 times/day to IV ganciclovir given for 20 weeks of maintenance therapy. To compare the time to progression of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis between two regimens of oral ganciclovir and IV ganciclovir therapy given for 20 weeks of maintenance therapy. To describe the efficacy and safety of double dose versus single dose oral ganciclovir in patients who have a progression of retinitis while on the originally assigned maintenance treatment. To describe the safety, tolerance, and time to progression of retinitis during the 52 weeks of oral ganciclovir maintenance therapy in people with AIDS. To describe the safety and tolerance of oral ganciclovir maintenance therapy when given concurrently with antiretroviral treatment (e.g., zidovudine, ddI, or ddC). To describe survival of people with AIDS and CMV retinitis.

Two hundred twenty-five patients with AIDS and CMV retinitis are eligible for enrollment in Groups A, B, and C of the study, provided that each subject has received and tolerated a therapeutic course of intravenous (IV) ganciclovir of at least 4 weeks duration resulting in stable retinitis. An additional 100 subjects who have received and tolerated a course of IV or oral ganciclovir under any clinical trial of oral ganciclovir sponsored by Syntex Research and have stable retinitis may enter into Group D of this study and receive oral ganciclovir.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
  • HIV Infections
Drug: Ganciclovir
Not Provided
Danner SA, Matheron S. Cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS patients: a comparative study of intravenous and oral ganciclovir as maintenance therapy. AIDS. 1996 Dec;10 Suppl 4:S7-11.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
225
Not Provided
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine except during the first 2 weeks of any oral or IV ganciclovir maintenance therapy.
  • ddI.
  • ddC.

Patients must have:

  • Confirmed HIV infection or diagnosis of AIDS.
  • CMV retinitis of no more than 4 months duration.
  • Stable retinitis.
  • Understanding of the nature of the study, agree to its provisions, and sign informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms and conditions are excluded:

  • Persistent or clinically significant diarrhea (3 or more unformed stools/day), nausea, or abdominal pain or other gastrointestinal symptoms or uncontrolled gastrointestinal disease.
  • Ocular media opacities (corneal, lenticular, or vitreal) preventing ophthalmologic retinal assessment.
  • Ocular conditions requiring immediate surgical correction (e.g., retinal tear or detachment).
  • Dementia, decreased mentation, or other encephalopathic signs and symptoms that would interfere with the ability of the subject to give informed consent or comply with the protocol.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Zidovudine during the first 2 weeks of any oral or IV ganciclovir maintenance therapy.
  • Antimetabolites.
  • Alkylating agents.
  • Selected nucleoside analogs.
  • Selected cytokines.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Diagnosis of CMV retinitis more than 4 months prior to study entry.
  • More than two prior induction treatments of IV ganciclovir (initial induction and one re-induction are permitted).

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • More than two induction treatment regimens with IV ganciclovir.
  • Prior oral ganciclovir (in Groups A, B, and C only).
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Canada
 
NCT00002247
059C, ICM 1774
Not Provided
Not Provided
Hoffmann-La Roche
Not Provided
Not Provided
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
March 1993

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP