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Immunomodulation of HIV-1 Infected Individuals With PEG-Interleukin-2

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002017
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: August 1991

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002017 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Immunomodulation of HIV-1 Infected Individuals With PEG-Interleukin-2
Immunomodulation of HIV-1 Infected Individuals With PEG-Interleukin-2

To evaluate the safety and immunological effects of polyethylene glycolated-interleukin-2 (PEG-IL-2) on asymptomatic (without symptoms) HIV-seropositive patients who are taking zidovudine (AZT). To enhance measures of immune function with well-tolerated doses of PEG-IL-2, an immunomodulator, in a regimen designed to allow its use in outpatients with normal daily activity (i.e., full-time employment, etc.). Recombinant IL-2 (without PEG modification) was administered to HIV-infected patients by daily intradermal injection. At the low doses used, this was non-toxic, well-tolerated, and gave a systemic response as measured by natural killer cell and lymphokine-activated killer cell activity, but required daily administration. In the current study, the PEG modification of IL-2 is used since it has a much longer prolonged half-life compared with the non-PEG compound, without loss of functional activity.

Recombinant IL-2 (without PEG modification) was administered to HIV-infected patients by daily intradermal injection. At the low doses used, this was non-toxic, well-tolerated, and gave a systemic response as measured by natural killer cell and lymphokine-activated killer cell activity, but required daily administration. In the current study, the PEG modification of IL-2 is used since it has a much longer prolonged half-life compared with the non-PEG compound, without loss of functional activity.

In the first, dose-escalation phase of the study, PEG-IL-2 is injected into the skin of the back by either the intradermal (ID) or subcutaneous (SC) route, to establish an optimal dose (which when given ID results in local induration = or > 25 mm without significant toxicity). The ID and SC routes are compared for systemic effect and toxicity. In the second phase of the study, the PEG-IL-2 is administered for 6-8 weeks using the optimal dosage, frequency, and route determined in the initial phase (probably 2-3 times per week) while local and systemic effects are monitored. These include measures of viral titer, peripheral blood mononuclear cell phenotype, CBC and CD4 counts, and in vitro cytotoxicity assays.

Interventional
Not Provided
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Interleukin-2, Polyethylene Glycolated
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Teppler H, Montana A, Meyn P, Kaplan G, Cohn ZA. Prolonged immunostimulatory effect of low dose PEG interleukin-2 in HIV-infected individuals. Int Conf AIDS. 1992 Jul 19-24;8(2):B162 (abstract no PoB 3453)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Necessary topical agents such as nystatin, clotrimazole, and acyclovir.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis.
  • Oral antibiotics for PCP prophylaxis if hematologically stable for = or > 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Necessary systemic agents for the treatment of other chronic disorders, such as diabetes or asthma.

Patients must have:

  • HIV-1 seropositivity.
  • Asymptomatic.
  • No opportunistic infection for 8 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Been on azidothymidine (AZT) (= or > 500 mg/day) for at least 8 weeks prior to beginning interleukin-2 (IL-2), with stable CD4 cell counts.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine (AZT).

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • Active, life-threatening opportunistic infection (OI) with bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens.
  • Fever = or > 101 F. within 10 days prior to study entry.
  • Significant central nervous system (CNS) disease including AIDS dementia, psychiatric disability, or seizure disorder.
  • Significant cardiac disease (New York Heart Association Stage III or IV).
  • Significant pulmonary disease (Forced Expiratory Volume < 75 percent.
  • Weight loss = or > 10 percent within last 3 months.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Systemic therapy for opportunistic infection (OI).

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Presence of antibody to interleukin-2 (IL-2).
  • Diseases or symptoms listed in Exclusion Co-Existing Conditions.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 12 weeks prior to study entry:

  • Other immunomodulators.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Other experimental therapy.
  • Anti-neoplastic chemotherapy.

Active drug or alcohol abuse.

Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00002017
072A, COH-010-0790
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Rockefeller University
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NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
August 1991

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP