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A Phase I/II Pilot Study of Simultaneously Administered Rhu GM-CSF ( CHO Cell ) and Azidothymidine ( AZT ) in Patients With Severe HIV Infection and Leukopenia: Pharmacokinetics and Feasibility

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002006
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: January 1990

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002006 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Phase I/II Pilot Study of Simultaneously Administered Rhu GM-CSF ( CHO Cell ) and Azidothymidine ( AZT ) in Patients With Severe HIV Infection and Leukopenia: Pharmacokinetics and Feasibility
A Phase I/II Pilot Study of Simultaneously Administered Rhu GM-CSF ( CHO Cell ) and Azidothymidine ( AZT ) in Patients With Severe HIV Infection and Leukopenia: Pharmacokinetics and Feasibility

To assess the safety and efficacy of subcutaneously administered sargramostim ( granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; GM-CSF ) in increasing and maintaining the neutrophil count in HIV-infected adults who have developed neutropenia as a result of receiving the antiretroviral agent, zidovudine ( AZT ). To assess the safety and efficacy of subcutaneously administered GM-CSF in increasing and maintaining the neutrophil count in HIV-infected adults with pre-existing neutropenia who are at high risk of developing hematologic intolerance while receiving the antiretroviral agent, AZT, for the first time. To assess the potential therapeutic benefit of concomitant GM-CSF and AZT on the natural history of HIV infection and associated infectious complications.

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Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • HIV Infections
  • Cytopenias
  • Drug: Zidovudine
  • Drug: Sargramostim
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Levine JD, Allan JD, Tessitore JH, Falcone N, Galasso F, Israel RJ, Groopman JE. Recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor ameliorates zidovudine-induced neutropenia in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)/AIDS-related complex. Blood. 1991 Dec 15;78(12):3148-54.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Minimal local irradiation for tumors.

Patients must have:

  • Diagnosis of AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC).
  • Neutropenia, due either to zidovudine (AZT) or HIV infection.
  • Life expectancy = or > 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • Significant malabsorption as defined by greater than 10 percent weight loss and one or more of the following:
  • Serum carotene less than 75 IU/ml.
  • Vitamin A level less than 75 IU/ml.
  • More than 4 foul-smelling or greasy stools per day.
  • Other criteria of malabsorption.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) or other tumor which is likely to require specific antitumor therapy during study, other than minimal local irradiation.
  • Active, life-threatening infection with bacterial, viral, fungal, or protozoan pathogens or fever of 39 degrees C within 10 days of study entry, unless it is apparent that the fever is not due to a severe underlying infection.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Any investigational drug.
  • Immunomodulating agents.
  • Hormonal therapy.
  • Cytolytic chemotherapeutic agents.
  • Antiretroviral agent other than zidovudine (AZT).
  • Excluded within 4 months of study entry:
  • Suramin.
  • Excluded within 3 months of study entry:
  • Ribavirin.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Significant malabsorption.
  • Tumor likely to require specific antitumor therapy during study.
  • Other significant medical problems and conditions specified in Patient Exclusion Co-Existing Conditions.
  • Uncorrected nutritional deficiencies that may contribute to neutropenia.
  • Hypersensitivity to zidovudine (AZT) or other nucleoside analogs.
  • Profound dementia or altered mental status that would prohibit the giving of informed consent.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 1 month of study entry:

  • Transfusion.
  • Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:
  • Radiation therapy to greater than 100 cm2 body area.

Current drug or alcohol abuse. Unprotected sexual behavior or other activities which might introduce a new inoculation of HIV during the study.

Patients must be willing to refrain from unprotected sexual or other activities which might introduce a new inoculum of HIV during the study.

Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00002006
067A, 07936
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Sandoz Inc.
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NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
January 1990

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP