A Study of Three Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in Patients Who Have Taken Amprenavir

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001095
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: February 16, 2012
Last verified: February 2012

November 2, 1999
February 16, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001095 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Study of Three Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in Patients Who Have Taken Amprenavir
A Phase II Study of 1) Amprenavir (141W94/VX478) Plus 3TC Plus ZDV (or d4T) or 2) IDV Plus NVP Plus 3TC Plus d4T in Subjects Previously Treated With Amprenavir and 3) Other Treatment Regimens (Observational ARM) in Subjects Previously Treated With Amprenavir

To determine the proportion of patients treated with amprenavir, zidovudine (ZDV), stavudine (D4T) and lamivudine (3TC) whose HIV-1 RNA level remains below the level of detection during 96 weeks of therapy. To determine the proportion of patients treated with indinavir (IDV), nevirapine (NVP), 3TC, and d4T whose HIV-1 RNA level decreases and then remains below the level of detection, during the 96-week therapy period. To determine the viral effects, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of amprenavir in combination with zidovudine, stavudine, and lamivudine. [AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: To determine the proportion of patients with undetectable plasma HIV RNA, by treatment and baseline RNA cohort (either detectable or undetectable). To determine the durability of these regimens by estimating the distribution of time to loss of virologic suppression (or equivalently, time to virologic failure), by treatment and baseline RNA cohort.] This study allows patients who have successfully participated in ACTG 347 or other trials involving amprenavir to continue treatment with amprenavir, ZDV, d4T, and 3TC. Additionally, this study provides patients whose HIV-1 RNA was not reduced to undetectable levels or who had a significant increase in plasma levels ("treatment failures") the opportunity to change to a potentially more active regimen that includes indinavir, nevirapine, lamivudine, and stavudine.

This study allows patients who have successfully participated in ACTG 347 or other trials involving amprenavir to continue treatment with amprenavir, ZDV, d4T, and 3TC. Additionally, this study provides patients whose HIV-1 RNA was not reduced to undetectable levels or who had a significant increase in plasma levels ("treatment failures") the opportunity to change to a potentially more active regimen that includes indinavir, nevirapine, lamivudine, and stavudine.

Patients with HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml on a regimen containing amprenavir are treated on Arm A; those with greater than or equal to 500 copies while on or intolerant to a regimen containing amprenavir are treated on Arm B.

Arm A: Amprenavir + ZDV + d4T + 3TC. Arm B: IND + NVP + 3TC + d4T. Patients enrolled in Arm A who fail therapy may roll over to Arm B. Patients in Arm B who fail therapy discontinue study medications and seek best available treatment.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: Patients with HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml currently on triple therapy with amprenavir + 3TC + ZDV (or d4T if ZDV-intolerant) are treated on ARM A. Patients with HIV RNA greater than or equal to 500 copies/ml, who have been intolerant to a regimen containing amprenavir or who were previously enrolled on ACTG 347 who elected to receive a treatment regimen other than amprenavir + ZDV (or d4T) + 3TC or IDV + NVP + 3TC + d4T or other regimens are assigned to Arm C.

Arm A: Amprenavir + ZDV* plus 3TC. Arm B: IDV** + NVP + 3TC + d4T***. Arm C: Observation only. Patients are followed for the duration of the study.

  • Patients intolerant of ZDV may elect to receive d4T. **Patients intolerant of IDV may take study-provided nelfinavir. ***Patients who switched to open-label IDV/NVP/3TC/d4T prior to enrollment on this study and who were intolerant to any of the study medications may enroll into Arm B with appropriate substitution of the intolerant study drug(s).

Patients initially assigned to Arm A who are intolerant of amprenavir or who fail therapy have the option of receiving Arm B therapy. Patients initially assigned to Arm B who are intolerant of any of the assigned study drugs may make an appropriate antiretroviral substitution (with approval of the protocol chair).]

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Indinavir sulfate
  • Drug: Amprenavir
  • Drug: Nevirapine
  • Drug: Lamivudine
  • Drug: Stavudine
  • Drug: Zidovudine
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
94
October 1999
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required:

  • Chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (for patients with a CD4+ cell count less than or equal to 200 cells/mm3.

Allowed:

  • Topical and/or oral antifungal agents.
  • Treatment, maintenance or chemoprophylaxis with approved agents for opportunistic infections.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Systemic corticosteroid use for 21 days or less.
  • Recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF, filgrastim).
  • Regularly prescribed medications such as antipyretics, analgesics, allergy medications, antidepressants, sleep medications, oral contraceptives (not as a sole form of contraception), megestrol acetate, and testosterone.
  • Alternative therapies such as vitamins, acupuncture, and visualization techniques.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

  • Current use of triple therapy with amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) for Arm A patients.
  • Current use of quadruple therapy with IDV/NVP/3TC/d4T for Arm B patients.]

Patients must have:

  • HIV-positive status.
  • Successful response to treatment in ACTG 347 as measured by HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml (Arm A) OR unsuccessful response to treatment in ACTG 347 or another regimen containing amprenavir OR an increase in plasma HIV RNA above the nadir value to greater than 5,000 copies/ml or by at least one log10 at any time (Arm B) OR intolerance to a regimen containing amprenavir.
  • Consent for patients less than 18 years of age.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

Arm A patients must have:

  • HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml on at least one occasion within 60 days of entry while previously enrolled in ACTG 347 and in one of the following categories: currently receiving amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) or randomized to monotherapy arm of ACTG 347 and received open-label amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T).

Arm B patients must have:

  • Failed prior amprenavir therapy, whether on ACTG 347 or not, i.e., HIV RNA greater than or equal to 500 copies/ml after at least 16 weeks of amprenavir and confirmed within 1-6 weeks OR treatment failure that mandated early permanent discontinuation of randomized ACTG 347 study drugs and defined as HIV RNA of at least one log 10 above the nadir (to at least 5,000 copies/ml) or HIV RNA level above the baseline value before 16 weeks of amprenavir and confirmed within 1-6 weeks.
  • Initially randomized to triple therapy arm of ACTG 347 with two plasma HIV-1 RNA values of at least 500 copies/ml taken within 60 days prior to study entry and at least 1-6 weeks apart or initially receive open-label amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) and with two HIV RNA levels of at least 500 copies/ml, regardless of duration of treatment with amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T).
  • Documented intolerance to any of the reverse transcriptase inhibitors or attempted nevirapine therapy allowed. Arm C patients must have:
  • Previously enrolled on ACTG 347 and elected to receive a treatment regimen other than amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) or IDV/NVP/3TC/d4T.]

Prior Medication: Required:

Amprenavir therapy [AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

  • amprenavir therapy (Arm A and B patients only)].

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

Arm A:

  • Inability to tolerate amprenavir, ZDV, or 3TC.

Arm B:

  • Inability to tolerate d4T, NVP, or 3TC.
  • Active infection requiring acute treatment within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Malignancy that requires systemic therapy (patients with minimal Kaposi's sarcoma are not excluded provided they do not require systemic therapy).

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded: Arm A:

  • Any detection of plasma HIV RNA greater than 500 copies/ml after subject has switched to triple therapy for at least 16 weeks.
  • Inability to tolerate amprenavir, ZDV (or d4T), or 3TC.
  • Malignancy that requires systemic therapy (minimal Kaposi's sarcoma allowed provided systemic therapy is not required) Arm A and B patients only.]

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Non-protocol-specified antiretroviral agents.
  • Immunomodulators that affect immunologic or virologic indices, such as systemic corticosteroids (more than 21 days), thalidomide, or cytokines.
  • Concomitant use of rifabutin and/or rifampin.
  • Investigational drugs without specific approval.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Oral astemizole, carbamazepine, dexamethasone, ketoconazole, itraconazole, phenobarbital, phenytoin, terfenadine, cisapride, triazolam, terfenadine, astemizole, and midazolam.

Prior Medication:

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: Excluded:

  • Prior protease inhibitor therapy except amprenavir (Arm A patients).
  • Prior protease inhibitor therapy except amprenavir and IDV (Arm B patients).

Excluded within 14 days prior to entry:

  • Investigational drugs or immunomodulators (except amprenavir) without specific consent of protocol chair(s) (Arm A patients).
  • Immunomodulators that affect immunologic or virologic indices, such as systemic corticosteroids, thalidomide or cytokines, unless approved by protocol chair(s) (Arm B patients).
  • Oral astemizole, carbamazepine, dexamethasone, ketoconazole, itraconazole, phenobarbital, phenytoin, terfenadine, cisapride, triazolam, midazolam, ergot alkaloids, or drugs containing derivatives of ergot alkaloids.]
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00001095
ACTG 373, 11334
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Murphy R
Study Chair: Gulick R
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
February 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP