A Study of Letrazuril in the Treatment of AIDS-Related Diarrhea

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001018
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: October 1992

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001018 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Study of Letrazuril in the Treatment of AIDS-Related Diarrhea
Blinded, Placebo-Controlled, Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Dose Escalation, Efficacy, and Safety Study of Letrazuril for AIDS-Related Cryptosporidial Diarrhea

To determine the pharmacokinetic profile of single doses of letrazuril in patients with AIDS-related cryptosporidial diarrhea; to determine the dose proportionality of single escalating doses of letrazuril; to determine steady-state concentrations of letrazuril; to evaluate the safety and efficacy of escalating doses of letrazuril, compared with placebo, for patients with AIDS-related cryptosporidial diarrhea.

Letrazuril, the p-fluor analog of diclazuril, has been shown in an animal model to prevent infections by organisms closely related to the intracellular parasite Cryptosporidium. Reliable data are needed to show the effectiveness of letrazuril in treating AIDS-related cryptosporidial diarrhea.

Letrazuril, the p-fluor analog of diclazuril, has been shown in an animal model to prevent infections by organisms closely related to the intracellular parasite Cryptosporidium. Reliable data are needed to show the effectiveness of letrazuril in treating AIDS-related cryptosporidial diarrhea.

Four groups of eight patients receive escalating doses of oral letrazuril (or placebo). In each group, six patients are randomized to receive letrazuril and two patients receive matching placebo. In the pharmacokinetics determination phase of the study, patients receive a single dose of letrazuril or placebo following a meal. Following a 72-hour blood collection, patients enter the blinded, treatment phase of the study and receive letrazuril or placebo as a single dose daily, after a meal, for 3 weeks. Patients with persistent Cryptosporidium oocysts in their stools at the end of the blinded treatment phase may continue with open-label treatment of letrazuril at the same dose for 4 weeks; the dose may subsequently be escalated every 4 weeks, to a maximum, if oocysts persist. Patients who have Cryptosporidium oocysts eradicated from their stools will discontinue treatment and be followed for 3 months. All patients undergo clinical follow-up at 3 and 6 months.

Interventional
Phase 1
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • HIV Infections
Drug: Letrazuril
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
32
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Anti-diarrheal and antiemetic medications.
  • Anti-HIV agents such as zidovudine, ddI, and ddC if dosing regimens were stable for at least 3 weeks prior to start of study drug.

Patients must have:

  • AIDS.
  • Chronic diarrhea with presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in a stool specimen.
  • CD4 count < 150/mm3 (not required if patient has had cryptosporidiosis for a minimum of 4 weeks).
  • Life expectancy of at least 1 month.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Anti-HIV agents such as zidovudine, ddI, and ddC if dosing regimens were stable for at least 3 weeks prior to start of study drug.
  • Anti-diarrheal and antiemetic medications.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Grade 4 hematologic toxicity or grade 3 other toxicity ( patients with grade 3 hepatic toxicity may be enrolled if abnormalities are considered to be caused by biliary cryptosporidiosis).
  • Presence of other diarrhea-causing pathogens.
  • Active (defined as newly diagnosed, progressive, or requiring therapeutic intervention) opportunistic infection that requires antimicrobial therapy (patients receiving maintenance or prophylactic antimicrobial therapy for opportunistic infection may be enrolled if the dosing regimen has been stable for at least 3 weeks).
  • Evidence of cytomegalovirus retinitis or colitis.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Ganciclovir, cancer chemotherapy, or interferon-alpha or other immunomodulating agents.
  • Any investigational drug (drugs available under an FDA-authorized expanded access program will not be considered investigational).

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Any investigational drug within 1 month prior to start of study drug (drugs available under an FDA-authorized expanded access program will not be considered investigational).
  • Ganciclovir, cancer chemotherapy, or interferon-alpha or other immunomodulating agents within 7 days prior to start of study drug.
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00001018
ACTG 198, Protocol JRD 65731/1001
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Study Chair: Moskovitz BL
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
October 1992

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP