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A Study of Dextran Sulfate in HIV-Infected Patients and in Patients With AIDS or AIDS Related Complex (ARC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001009
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 28, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

November 2, 1999
March 28, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001009 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Study of Dextran Sulfate in HIV-Infected Patients and in Patients With AIDS or AIDS Related Complex (ARC)
A Phase I/II Dose Ranging Trial of Oral Dextran Sulfate (UA001) in HIV Infected Individuals and in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) or AIDS Related Complex (ARC)

To determine the effectiveness and safety of dextran sulfate (DS) as a treatment for patients with AIDS, AIDS related complex (ARC), or asymptomatic HIV infection with or without persistent generalized lymphadenopathy (PGL), and to determine antiviral activity at different doses of DS. Although zidovudine (AZT) has shown promise in prolonging life in patients with AIDS and severe ARC, it has significant blood toxicities. It would be beneficial to combine AZT with another antiviral agent that does not have the same toxicity. DS might be a suitable drug since it has shown antiviral activity against HIV in the laboratory, and in preliminary studies it has shown little toxicity. Also, the combination of DS with AZT has been shown to be more effective than either alone.

Although zidovudine (AZT) has shown promise in prolonging life in patients with AIDS and severe ARC, it has significant blood toxicities. It would be beneficial to combine AZT with another antiviral agent that does not have the same toxicity. DS might be a suitable drug since it has shown antiviral activity against HIV in the laboratory, and in preliminary studies it has shown little toxicity. Also, the combination of DS with AZT has been shown to be more effective than either alone.

The study will begin with 10 patients with AIDS, 10 with ARC, and 10 with asymptomatic HIV infection taking DS by mouth 3 times a day for 24 weeks. If the initial dose of DS is tolerated without significant side effects, the next group of patients will receive a higher dose. A third group of patients will be given either a higher or lower dose depending on the results of the earlier groups. Patients will be evaluated every other week for 12 weeks, then monthly for the remaining 16 weeks. Patients will have the option of continuing DS until the entire study is completed if the drug is well tolerated. Inhaled pentamidine for the prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is allowed, but other investigational drugs are not. Drug effects on the HIV virus, immune function, and clinical condition will be monitored during the periodic evaluations.

Interventional
Phase 1
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Dextran sulfate
Not Provided
  • Falloon J, et al. 566C80 for the treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS. Int Conf AIDS. 1991 Jun 16-21;7(2):241 (abstract no WB2239)
  • Abrams D, Pettinelli C, Power M, Kubacki VB, Grieco MH, Henry WK. A phase I/II dose ranging trial of oral dextran sulfate in HIV p24 antigen positive individuals (ACTG 060): results of a safety and efficacy trial. Int Conf AIDS. 1989 Jun 4-9;5:404 (abstract no WBP315)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
60
April 1990
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Aerosolized pentamidine for prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP).
  • Acetaminophen.
  • Ketoconazole.

Consistently positive serum HIV p24 antigen = or > 70 picograms/ml, defined by the Abbott HIV antigen test, on two occasions, each within 1 month prior to entry, separated by at least 72 hours, the last of which must be within 2 weeks of starting therapy. Positive antibody to HIV with a federally licensed ELISA test kit.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with any negative HIV p24 antigen test within 1 month of entry are excluded. Hemophiliacs are excluded.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Zidovudine (AZT) or other antiretroviral agents.
  • Other investigational drugs.
  • Excluded within 12 weeks of study entry:
  • Ribavirin.
  • Excluded:
  • Ongoing therapy and/or prophylaxis for an AIDS-defining opportunistic infection.
  • Anticoagulant drugs.
  • Systemic corticosteroids.
  • Aspirin.
  • Dextran sulfate.
  • Sedatives.
  • Barbiturates.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 2 weeks of study entry:

  • Transfusion.

Severe diarrhea:

  • = or > 5 loose or watery stools per day. Significant malabsorption:
  • > 10 percent weight loss within past 3 months with serum carotene < 75 IU/ml or vitamin A < 75 IU/ml. Transfusion dependent:
  • Requiring 2 units of blood > once a month. Active opportunistic infection. Symptomatic visceral Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), progression of KS within 1 month of entry, or concurrent neoplasms other than KS. Basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix. Hemorrhagic diseases such as hemophilia A or B or von Willebrand disease.

Active drug or alcohol abuse sufficient in the investigator's opinion to prevent adequate compliance with study therapy.

Both
12 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00001009
ACTG 060, 11034
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Abrams D
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP