Fortovase (Saquinavir) Given With Low-Dose Ritonavir, Zidovudine, and Lamivudine to HIV-Positive Pregnant Women During and After Pregnancy and to Their Newborns

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000920
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 17, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

November 2, 1999
May 17, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000920 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Fortovase (Saquinavir) Given With Low-Dose Ritonavir, Zidovudine, and Lamivudine to HIV-Positive Pregnant Women During and After Pregnancy and to Their Newborns
A Phase I Trial of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Fortovase (Saquinavir-SGC) Co-Administered With Low Dose (Ritonavir) RTV, ZDV and 3TC in HIV Seropositive Pregnant Women During Gestation and Postpartum, and in Their Infant's Post-Maternal Dosing

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe to give saquinavir-SGC (SQV) combined with low-dose ritonavir (RTV) plus zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC) to HIV-positive pregnant women and to see if it is safe to give 3TC and ZDV to their newborns. Another purpose is to see what levels of SQV, low-dose RTV, ZDV, and 3TC are found in mothers and what levels of ZDV and 3TC are seen in newborns. Another purpose of this study is to see whether SQV passes from mother to newborn and if it passes at a level that is safe for the newborn.

Although ZDV has been able to reduce the rate of transmission of HIV from mother to child, it may be possible to reduce it further by using a combination of anti-HIV drugs. This study adds SQV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) with RTV (another PI) and 3TC (a reverse transcriptase inhibitor) to the mother's ZDV regimen.

Although administration of ZDV to mother-infant pairs has dramatically reduced perinatal HIV infection, the goal is to reduce it further to less than 2%. In order to achieve this, combination strategies need to be developed for 2 purposes: 1) to reduce the perinatal transmission rate to goal levels; and 2) to provide other combination therapies for HIV-infected mothers whose virus has become resistant to ZDV, who have a very high viral load, or who have previously transmitted HIV while on ZDV. This study adds 3TC (another reverse transcriptase inhibitor) and SQV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) [AS PER AMENDMENT 08/15/00: with low-dose RTV (another PI)] to the mother's ZDV regimen.

During the antepartum period, mothers receive SQV with [AS PER AMENDMENT 08/15/00: low-dose RTV plus] ZDV and 3TC. At onset of active labor, mothers receive loading doses of each of the study drugs, then receive study drugs for 12 weeks postpartum on the same schedule as during the antenatal period. Within 12 hours of delivery, infants begin receiving 3TC and ZDV and continue until 6 weeks of age. Mothers are followed until 12 weeks postpartum and babies are followed until 6 months of age. [AS PER AMENDMENT 02/09/99: For maternal dosing, 1 Combivir tablet (containing 3TC and ZDV) may be administered in place of the individual agents 3TC and ZDV. Patients who prematurely discontinue study treatment should continue to be followed for the duration of the study.]

Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • HIV Infections
  • Pregnancy
  • Drug: Ritonavir
  • Drug: Saquinavir
  • Drug: Lamivudine
  • Drug: Zidovudine
Not Provided
Acosta EP, Zorrilla C, Van Dyke R, Bardeguez A, Smith E, Hughes M, Huang S, Pitt J, Watts H, Mofenson L. Pharmacokinetics of saquinavir-SGC in HIV-infected pregnant women. HIV Clin Trials. 2001 Nov-Dec;2(6):460-5.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
24
April 2003
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Are 14 to 32 weeks pregnant.
  • Are at least 13 years old (need consent of parent or guardian if under 18).

Exclusion Criteria

Patients may not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Cannot take ZDV, 3TC, or higher doses of RTV. Women who are able to tolerate low doses of RTV may be eligible.
  • Are pregnant with more than 1 baby. (This study has been changed so that a patient pregnant with more than 1 baby is not eligible.)
  • Have pregnancy complications or have medical problems that put pregnancy at risk.
  • Have an active opportunistic (HIV-related) infection and/or serious bacterial infection at study entry.
  • Have chronic diarrhea.
  • Abuse alcohol or drugs.
  • Do not have access to a participating clinic or are not willing to be followed at the same clinic for the duration of the study.
  • Have received certain antiretroviral (anti-HIV) drugs or are taking certain medications. (This study has been changed to increase enrollment. The eligibility criterion in earlier versions was more restrictive, and has been changed to include women receiving SQV [with or without RTV], 3TC, and ZDV for longer than 3 weeks if their pre-entry viral load is 400 copies/ml or less OR if they have a significant reduction in viral load within 90 days of the pre-entry visit.)
  • Plan to breast-feed.
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Puerto Rico
 
NCT00000920
ACTG 386, 11345, PACTG 386
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Study Chair: Carmen Zorrilla
Study Chair: Arlene Bardeguez
Study Chair: Jane Pitt
Study Chair: Russell Van Dyke
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP