A Study to Compare the Effectiveness of a Four Drug Anti-HIV Regimen Given Alone or in Combination With GM-CSF or IL-12 to HIV-Positive Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000896
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

November 2, 1999
May 16, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000896 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Study to Compare the Effectiveness of a Four Drug Anti-HIV Regimen Given Alone or in Combination With GM-CSF or IL-12 to HIV-Positive Patients
A Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare the Efficacy of a Four Drug Antiretroviral Regimen Alone or in Combination With GM-CSF or IL-12 Administered to HIV-1 Infected Subjects as Measured by the Characteristics of Viral Decay

The purpose of this study is to examine how the level of HIV is reduced in the blood when anti-HIV therapy is initiated. This study will also evaluate whether adding GM-CSF or IL-12 to the anti-HIV drug regimen will increase the rate that HIV is reduced.

The anti-HIV drugs used in this study will include lamivudine (3TC), zidovudine (ZDV), indinavir (IDV), nevirapine (NVP), and stavudine (d4T). All have been used successfully to treat HIV. GM-CSF has been used to treat certain blood disorders; it will be used as an experimental drug in this study. IL-12 (interleukin-12) is a protein found naturally in the body that is thought to boost the immune system. Although GM-CSF and IL-12 have no direct effect against HIV, these drugs may improve the ability of the immune system to fight the virus.

Potent antiretroviral therapies that suppress HIV replication have permitted mathematical modeling of the dynamics of HIV infection and clearance by measurement of the decay of viral load in plasma. When de nova infection is blocked by antiretroviral therapy, the viral load decreases exponentially after a short initial lag time ("shoulder"). This rapid decline is followed by a slower second-phase decay. The intent of this study is to utilize four antiretroviral agents (zidovudine, lamivudine, nevirapine, indinavir) and very frequent measures of viral load to explore the drug-specific kinetics of the "shoulder". The decay of long-lived HIV-infected tissue macrophages is thought to be the major determinant of the slow second phase. Further, the study intends to use immune modulating agents with the potential to increase the turnover of infected macrophages, GM-CSF or IL-12, to accelerate the second phase of viral decay.

Patients are assigned to Group A (16 patients) or to Group B (8 patients). Patients in Group A are randomized to 1 of the following 4 initial treatment arms:

ARM A: Final dose combination (FDC) Zidovudine (ZDV)/Lamivudine (3TC). ARM B: Nevirapine (NVP). ARM C: Indinavir (IDV). ARM D: FDC ZDV/3TC plus NVP plus IDV. The initial regimen is maintained over the first 72 hours and blood for viral dynamic evaluations collected while patients are maintained as inpatients. Then, patients in Arms A, B, and C initiate FDC ZDV/3TC plus NVP plus IDV.

Patients assigned to Group B begin the following 4-drug regimen on Day 0:

ARM E: FDC ZDV/3TC plus NVP plus IDV.

On Day 7, patients in both Groups A and B are randomized to receive one of the following therapies in addition to their 4-drug regimen:

ARM F: GM-CSF daily for 2 weeks, then thrice weekly (MWF). ARM G: IL-12 twice weekly. ARM H: No immune modulation. Patients may be hospitalized to initiate immune modulation or may be treated as outpatients. Immune modulation is discontinued after Week 14. Patients maintain their 4-drug regimen through Week 48. [AS PER AMENDMENT 6/11/99: The study duration has been extended to 96 weeks.] Hepatitis A vaccine (inactivated) is administered on Weeks 16 and 40 [AS PER AMENDMENT 2/13/98: to patients whose baseline hepatitis A serology was negative].

Interventional
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Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Indinavir sulfate
  • Drug: Lamivudine/Zidovudine
  • Biological: Hepatitis A Vaccine (Inactivated)
  • Drug: Interleukin-12
  • Drug: Nevirapine
  • Drug: Stavudine
  • Drug: Sargramostim
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
24
October 2000
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Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have a CD4 cell count greater than or equal to 300 cells/ml within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Have a plasma viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of greater than or equal to 20,000 copies/ml within 30 days of study entry.
  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Agree to practice abstinence or use effective methods of birth control during the study.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Have taken anti-HIV medication for more than 7 days.
  • Have had known seroconversion within 6 months prior to study entry.
  • Have any infection requiring treatment within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Have had a fever for 7 days in a row during the 30 days before study entry.
  • Have cancer that requires chemotherapy.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Are taking certain medications.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000896
ACTG 387, 11346
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Rhonda G. Kost
Study Chair: David Ho
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP