Immunologic and Virologic Consequences of Long-Term Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Subjects With Moderately Advanced HIV-1 Disease: A Follow-Up Study to ACTG 315

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000891
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

November 2, 1999
May 16, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000891 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Immunologic and Virologic Consequences of Long-Term Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Subjects With Moderately Advanced HIV-1 Disease: A Follow-Up Study to ACTG 315
Immunologic and Virologic Consequences of Long-Term Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Subjects With Moderately Advanced HIV-1 Disease: A Follow-Up Study to ACTG 315

To evaluate the relationship between viral suppression and changes in immune function, as measured by the restoration of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) and lymphoproliferative (LP) responses, observed after 48 weeks of treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in ACTG 315. To evaluate the durability of the antiviral and immunologic effects of long-term treatment with HAART.

Given the extensive immunologic and virologic data available from ACTG 315, follow-up studies of this advanced-disease population are indicated to primarily ascertain the impact of long-term suppression of viral replication on immunologic reconstitution or re-education and the durability of the antiviral effects of HAART.

Given the extensive immunologic and virologic data available from ACTG 315, follow-up studies of this advanced-disease population are indicated to primarily ascertain the impact of long-term suppression of viral replication on immunologic reconstitution or re-education and the durability of the antiviral effects of HAART.

Patients continue their current ACTG 315 regimen of zidovudine plus lamivudine plus ritonavir in an open-label fashion while undergoing 6 weeks of extensive evaluations. Treatment decisions are based on baseline viral load (mean of 2 viral load measurements taken during 6-week evaluations). Patients with HIV-1 RNA less than 100 copies/ml continue the ACTG 315 regimen. Patients with HIV-1 RNA 100-3000 copies/ml may continue the ACTG 315 regimen or initiate a new HAART regimen selected by the local investigator or primary care physician. Patients with HIV-1 RNA greater than 3000 copies/ml initiate a new HAART regimen selected by the local investigator or primary care physician. [AS PER AMENDMENT 4/10/00: Changes to regimens must be done in consultation with the study team. The team acknowledges that a viable regimen may not be available for a given patient when the plasma HIV RNA level is above 3,000 copies/ml. In this case, patients may remain on their failing regimen with evaluation every 8 weeks until a viable regimen becomes available to them.] All patients are required to maintain a HAART regimen that contains at least 3 drugs, 1 of which is a protease inhibitor. [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01: All patients are required to maintain a HAART regimen that is approved by the protocol chairs.] Zidovudine (ZDV), lamivudine (3TC), stavudine (d4T), didanosine (ddI), delavirdine (DLV), ritonavir (RTV), and saquinavir soft gel capsules (SQV sgc) are provided on-study. [AS PER AMENDMENT 9/19/00: ZDV, 3TC, 3TC/ZDV combination tablet, d4T, ddI, DLV, RTV, and SQV sgc will be supplied by the protocol for 182 weeks.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01: The following antiretroviral medications will be supplied by the protocol for Steps 1 and 2: ZDV, 3TC, 3TC/ZDV combination tablet, d4T, ddI, DLV, RTV, and SQV sgc.] Therapy is continued for 54 weeks. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/6/98: The initial 54-week trial is followed by an additional 2 years of long-term evaluation. Also per this amendment, protocol therapy is initiated at Week 6.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 9/19/00: The initial 54-week trial is followed by an additional 2.5 years of long-term evaluation.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01: Step 1 has an initial 54 weeks of treatment followed by 140 weeks of long-term follow-up. Step 2 has an additional 36 weeks of long-term follow-up. Patients who complete the final visit on Step 2 (Week 230) should return to the clinic 4 weeks after receiving the last dose of study-provided medication to complete the final evaluations.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/6/98: Patients may co-enroll in an immunology substudy.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 6/11/99: The immunology substudy is being piloted in 3 to 4 volunteers and may not proceed until the feasibility of the pilot project is reviewed.]

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Ritonavir
  • Drug: Saquinavir
  • Drug: Delavirdine mesylate
  • Drug: Lamivudine
  • Drug: Stavudine
  • Drug: Zidovudine
  • Drug: Didanosine
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
34
May 2004
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Protocol Chair-approved antiretroviral medications or research study treatment for an HIV complication.
  • Treatment, maintenance, or chemoprophylaxis with approved medications for opportunistic infections.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, filgrastim).
  • Regularly prescribed medications, such as antipyretics, analgesics, allergy medications, antidepressants, sleep medications, oral contraceptives (not as a sole form of birth control), megestrol acetate, testosterone, or any other medication not explicitly excluded.
  • Alternative therapies such as vitamins, acupuncture, and visualization techniques.

Patients must have:

  • HIV-positive status.
  • Completion of 48 weeks of study treatment in ACTG 315 and maintenance in this regimen (on-study) until enrollment in this study.
  • Signed, informed consent from parent or legal guardian for patients less than 18 years of age.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions and symptoms are excluded:

  • Documented or suspected pancreatitis or hepatitis within 2 weeks prior to study entry.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Immunomodulators that affect immunologic or virologic indices (e.g., systemic corticosteroids, thalidomide, cytokines).
  • Ketoconazole, rifampin, and rifabutin.
  • Amiodarone, astemizole, bepridil, bupropion, cisapride, clozapine, dihydroergotamine, encainide, ergotamine, flecainide, meperidine, pimozide, piroxicam, propafenone, propoxyphene, quinidine, terfenadine, alprazolam, clorazepate, diazepam, estazolam, flurazepam, midazolam, triazolam, zolpidem, phenytoin, phenobarbital, and carbamazepine.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01:

  • Lovastatin and simvastatin.

Excluded for patients who are pregnant:

  • ddI or d4T.]

Avoided:

  • Herbal medications.

    [2. AS PER AMENDMENT 4/10/00:

  • Use of ddI is contraindicated in patients who have serum amylase or lipase values over 1.5 times the ULN (Upper Limit of Normal), fasting triglycerides of 100 mg/dl or more, or a history of pancreatitis. Use ddI with extreme caution and only if clinically indicated in patients with known risk factors. Refer to package insert for more information.]

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Any antiretroviral medications other than the zidovudine, lamivudine, and ritonavir supplied in ACTG 315 or alternative antiretrovirals not approved by protocol chairs, 48 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Immunomodulatory therapies within 30 days prior to study entry.

Required:

Zidovudine (200 mg tid or 300 mg bid) plus lamivudine (150 mg bid) plus ritonavir (500 or 600 mg bid, or 300 mg tid) for 48 weeks in ACTG 315.

Active substance or alcohol abuse or dependence that would interfere with adherence to study requirements.

Both
16 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000891
ACTG 375, Substudy ACTG A5002s, 11336
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Hernan Valdez
Study Chair: Kimberly Smith
Study Chair: Michael Lederman
Study Chair: Harold Kessler
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP