The Effects of Treatment for Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) on the Cells of HIV-Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000860
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: July 1999

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000860 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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The Effects of Treatment for Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) on the Cells of HIV-Infected Patients
Effects of Treatment for MAC Infection on Cytokine Expression in HIV-Infected Persons.

To determine if treatment of MAC infection in HIV-1 infected persons is associated with the decreases in plasma levels of TNF-alpha.

Infection with MAC is a poor prognostic indicator in persons with AIDS. Evidence suggests that this poor outcome is not simply a reflection of greater immune impairment in AIDS patients with MAC infection, but rather may be a direct or indirect consequence of infection with mycobacterium. Survival of AIDS patients with MAC is shorter than those without MAC. Studies show that treatment for MAC improves the survival of MAC infected patients to nearly the survival of AIDS patients without MAC. Treatment of MAC with clarithromycin containing regimens is associated with decreased symptoms and prolonged survival. There is evidence, however, that mycobacterial infection may enhance propagation of the human immunodeficiency virus through mechanisms that may involve enhanced expression of pro inflammatory cytokines. It is unclear to what extent cytokine abnormalities contribute to this symptom complex and to what extent treatment of MAC infection will reverse these cytokine abnormalities.

Infection with MAC is a poor prognostic indicator in persons with AIDS. Evidence suggests that this poor outcome is not simply a reflection of greater immune impairment in AIDS patients with MAC infection, but rather may be a direct or indirect consequence of infection with mycobacterium. Survival of AIDS patients with MAC is shorter than those without MAC. Studies show that treatment for MAC improves the survival of MAC infected patients to nearly the survival of AIDS patients without MAC. Treatment of MAC with clarithromycin containing regimens is associated with decreased symptoms and prolonged survival. There is evidence, however, that mycobacterial infection may enhance propagation of the human immunodeficiency virus through mechanisms that may involve enhanced expression of pro inflammatory cytokines. It is unclear to what extent cytokine abnormalities contribute to this symptom complex and to what extent treatment of MAC infection will reverse these cytokine abnormalities.

All patients diagnosed with MAC and who will initiate at least a 2 drug clarithromycin containing MAC treatment regimen will be eligible for participation. Blood and urine will be obtained from each patient at the following timepoints: Pre-Entry (within 7 days prior to study entry), week 4, and week 8. Sites will process and ship specific samples to Case Western Reserve University (CWRU). Various assays and analyses will be performed by CWRU. NOTE: Patients will receive no treatment on this study, however, all patients must be receiving at least a 2 drug clarithromycin containing treatment regimen for MAC either as part of participation in other studies or as prescribed by the subject's health care provider.

Observational
Observational Model: Natural History
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  • Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare Infection
  • HIV Infections
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  • Benson CA. MAC: pathogenesis and treatment. Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1996 Jan 28-Feb 1;3rd:166
  • MacArthur RD, Lederman M, Benson CA, Chernoff MC, Mahon LF, Yen-Lieberman B, Purvis S. ACTG 853: effects of treatment for MAC infection on cytokine expression in HIV-infected persons. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:1050 (abstract no 60279)
  • MacArthur RD, Lederman M, Benson CA, Chernoff MC, Mahon LF, Yen-Lieberman B, Purvis S, MacGregor RR. ACTG 853: effects of treatment for MAC infection on cytokine expression in HIV-infected persons. Intersci Conf Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Sep 24-27;38:403 (abstract no I-130)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
24
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Patients should have successfully completed therapy or be on stable therapy for any acute infectious processes other than MAC prior to study entry.

Patients must have:

  • Documented HIV infection.
  • Either symptomatic MAC disease as defined by a history of clinical signs and symptoms, plus one blood culture positive for MAC or AFB obtained within the previous 90 days, OR asymptomatic MAC disease as defined by 2 blood cultures positive for MAC or AFB obtained within 90 days of entry.
  • Signed parental consent for patients less than 18 years of age.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Patients who have received presumptive or empiric antimycobacterial therapy prior to study entry may be enrolled if they have been treated for no more than 72 hours prior to study entry.
  • Patients who have been receiving prophylaxis with azithromycin, clarithromycin and/or rifabutin may be enrolled.
  • Patients should have successfully completed therapy or be on stable therapy for any acute infectious processes other than MAC prior to study entry.

Required:

  • Patients must be on a stable antiretroviral regimen (same drug or combination drugs; dose modifications allowed) for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry.

NOTE:

  • Patients will be requested NOT to modify or add new drugs to their stable ARV regimen for the duration of this study. Patients who absolutely require ARV changes at any time prior to week 8 will continue on study, however, their data will be analyzed separately.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Previous enrollment and permanent study drug discontinuation in ACTG 223.

Note:

  • Co-enrollment in ACTG 223 and ACTG 853 is acceptable, however enrollment in both studies must be simultaneous.
  • This protocol does not meet federal requirements governing prisoner participation in clinical trials and should not be considered by local IRBs for the recruitment of prisoners.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Cytokine inhibitors.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Thalidomide.
  • Pentoxifylline or any other immunomodulator.
  • Any interleukin.
  • Colony stimulating factors (G-CSF or GM-CSF)

Patients with the following prior conditions will be excluded:

  • Subjects who have had an opportunistic infection (other than MAC) within 14 days immediately preceding study entry.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within the 14 days immediately preceding study entry:

  • Cytokine inhibitors.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Thalidomide.
  • Pentoxifylline or any other immunomodulator.
  • Any interleukin.
  • Colony stimulating factors (G-CSF or GM-CSF)

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Patients who have received a blood transfusion within the 14 days immediately preceding study entry.
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000860
ACTG 853
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: MacArthur R
Study Chair: Benson C
Study Chair: Lederman M
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
July 1999

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP