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Detection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Vaginocervical Secretions: Correlation With Clinical Status, Virologic and Immunologic Parameters, and the Presence of Other Infections

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000858
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: November 1998

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000858 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Detection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Vaginocervical Secretions: Correlation With Clinical Status, Virologic and Immunologic Parameters, and the Presence of Other Infections
Detection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) in Vaginocervical Secretions: Correlation With Clinical Status, Virologic and Immunologic Parameters, and the Presence of Other Infections

To correlate HIV-1 viral load in vaginocervical secretions (VCS), as measured by culture and nucleic acid detection, with that found in peripheral blood and HIV clinical status. To determine whether systemic and local HIV specific antibody influences the quality and type of virus isolated from VCS. To ascertain whether the presence of specific infectious agents (e.g., HPV, HSV, CMV, etc.) influences the amount and type of virus isolated from VCS.

Predictors for the development of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in HIV infected individuals have been studied primarily among adult males and in selected small populations. Although many of these predictors may be relevant to women, HIV infection does manifest itself differently between the sexes. Therefore, it is important to study the spectrum of HIV disease in women and to identify unique and common markers, cofactors, and predictors of disease progression.

Predictors for the development of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in HIV infected individuals have been studied primarily among adult males and in selected small populations. Although many of these predictors may be relevant to women, HIV infection does manifest itself differently between the sexes. Therefore, it is important to study the spectrum of HIV disease in women and to identify unique and common markers, cofactors, and predictors of disease progression.

Part 009: HIV-infected female adults, independent of CD4+ cell count, will provide blood and VCS specimens obtained at a single study visit, regardless of ovulatory phase.

NOTE: Subjects in this study will be patients who are currently enrolled in a multisite longitudinal study, Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), which is designed to elucidate the natural history of infection with HIV-1 in U.S. women. Participation in DATRI 009 will require additional blood at the patient's scheduled WIHS visit.

Part 009a: Consent will be obtained from 65 women to allow additional evaluations to be completed on their reserve VCS specimen and on an additional peripheral blood specimen, specifically obtained for DATRI 009a during their 009 visit. An additional 8 ml CPT tube will be collected from these patients, bringing their total blood volume to 32 ml at their scheduled WIHS visit.

Observational
Observational Model: Natural History
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HIV Infections
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
350
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Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Premenopausal status.
  • Intact uterus and cervix.
  • Documented HIV infection.
  • Current enrollment in a multisite longitudinal study, Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS).

Required:

  • Stable or no antiretroviral therapy within 1 month prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Antifungal or antimicrobial medication in the vagina.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Antimicrobial or antifungal medications during the 48 hours prior to study entry.
  • Use of spermicide or douche in the 48 hours prior to entry.

Coital interaction during the 48 hours prior to study visit, as reported by subject and confirmed by a negative seminal fluid assay result.

Female
18 Years to 45 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000858
DATRI 009
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Reichelderfer P
Study Chair: Kovacs A
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
November 1998

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP