A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Seven Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Presumed HIV-Infected Infants

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Lederle-Praxis Biologicals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000829
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 8, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

November 2, 1999
May 8, 2012
Not Provided
Not Provided
  • Comparison of adverse reactions between PCV and placebo patients that occur within 48 hours after each injection [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Comparison of seroconversion rates and changes in (IgG) ELISA antibody levels between PCV and placebo patients after the primary series [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000829 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Comparison of booster rates in serum ELISA (IgG) antibody levels just before the 4th vaccination and one month after the 4th vaccination in children receiving PCV and placebo [ Time Frame: Prior to 4th vaccination and at 1 month after 4th vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Comparison of serum IgG1 and IgG2 subclass and IgA type specific seroconversion rates and changes in antibody levels in response to the primary immunization series and booster vaccination between PCV and placebo patients [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To compare the decline of serum total IgG, IgG1, IgG2, and IgA pneumococcal type specific antibody after the 3rd and after the 4th vaccination in PCV versus placebo patients [ Time Frame: At a time after the 3rd vaccination and at a time after the 4th vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Modeling of the rates of seroconversion and changes in serum antibody levels in PCV patients, after the primary series and booster series, to clinical HIV staging and T-lymphocyte parameters, as well as B-lymphocyte parameters [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
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A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Seven Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Presumed HIV-Infected Infants
A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Seven Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Presumed HIV-Infected Infants

To assess whether HIV-infected infants who receive a heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine have more local reactions at the site of injection and systemic reactions than placebo subjects. To assess whether this vaccine is more immunogenic than placebo following the third vaccination.

Children with HIV infection are at increased risk for invasive pneumococcal infection, particularly bacteremia. A large proportion of pneumococcal disease is caused by a limited number of serotypes. The maximum number of pneumococcal serotypes that can be included in a new conjugate vaccine is felt to be limited by the amount of carrier protein. A heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been developed that consists of pneumococcal capsular saccharides from serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F bound to a diphtheria toxin mutant carrier protein.

Children with HIV infection are at increased risk for invasive pneumococcal infection, particularly bacteremia. A large proportion of pneumococcal disease is caused by a limited number of serotypes. The maximum number of pneumococcal serotypes that can be included in a new conjugate vaccine is felt to be limited by the amount of carrier protein. A heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been developed that consists of pneumococcal capsular saccharides from serotypes 4, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F bound to a diphtheria toxin mutant carrier protein.

Infants are randomized to receive either heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or placebo by intramuscular injection at study months 0, 2, and 4, and then at 15 months of age. Additionally, patients receive PNU-IMUNE 23 ( pneumococcal polyvalent vaccine ) at 24 months of age.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV Infections
  • Pneumococcal Infections
  • Biological: Pneumococcal Vaccine, Polyvalent (23-valent)
    Administered as an injection at 24 months of age
  • Biological: Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Heptavalent
    Administered as an injection at 0, 2, 4, and 15 months of age
  • Biological: Placebo
    Administered at 0, 2, 4, and 15 months of age
  • Experimental: 1
    Patients receiving intramuscular heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Pneumococcal Vaccine, Polyvalent (23-valent)
    • Biological: Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Heptavalent
  • Placebo Comparator: 2
    Patients receiving placebo vaccine
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Pneumococcal Vaccine, Polyvalent (23-valent)
    • Biological: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
60
October 1999
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antipyretics for rectal temperature >= 100.4 F.
  • Antiretroviral therapy.

Patients must have:

  • HIV positivity.
  • Birth weight at least 1800 g (3.75 lb).
  • Consent and compliance of parent or guardian.

NOTE:

  • Coenrollment in other therapeutic protocols (except ACTG 218, 230, and 279) is permitted.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Enrollment in HIV vaccine trials.
  • Major congenital anomalies that are incapacitating, result in immunologic abnormalities, or require major surgical procedures.
  • Congenital immunoglobulin deficiency, SS or SC hemoglobinopathy, or asplenia.
  • Hypogammaglobulinemia.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prophylactic antipyretics.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

Acute moderate to severe intercurrent illness or fever within 72 hours prior to study entry.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Any prior pneumococcal vaccine.
  • Measles vaccine within 1 month prior to study vaccination.
  • Any other routine vaccine within 1 week prior to study vaccination.
  • Any immunosuppressant agent, including prednisone, for more than 6 weeks.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood products within 56 days prior to study vaccination.
Both
2 Months to 6 Months
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Puerto Rico
 
NCT00000829
ACTG 292, 11268
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Lederle-Praxis Biologicals
Study Chair: James King, Jr, M.D. University of Maryland
Study Chair: Sharon Nachman, M.D. SUNY at Stony Brook
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP