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Effect of Fluconazole, Clarithromycin, and Rifabutin on the Pharmacokinetics of Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim and Dapsone and Their Hydroxylamine Metabolites

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000826
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 1, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

November 2, 1999
May 1, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000826 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Effect of Fluconazole, Clarithromycin, and Rifabutin on the Pharmacokinetics of Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim and Dapsone and Their Hydroxylamine Metabolites
Effect of Fluconazole, Clarithromycin, and Rifabutin on the Pharmacokinetics of Sulfamethoxazole and Dapsone and Their Hydroxylamine Metabolites

To determine the effects of fluconazole and either rifabutin or clarithromycin, alone and in combination, on the pharmacokinetics of first sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and then dapsone in HIV-infected patients.

Although prophylaxis for more than one opportunistic infection is emerging as a common clinical practice in patients with advanced HIV disease, little is known about possible adverse drug interactions. The need exists to define pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic adverse interactions of the many combination prophylactic regimens that may be prescribed.

Although prophylaxis for more than one opportunistic infection is emerging as a common clinical practice in patients with advanced HIV disease, little is known about possible adverse drug interactions. The need exists to define pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic adverse interactions of the many combination prophylactic regimens that may be prescribed.

In Part A, patients receive sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMX/TMP) alone for 2 weeks, then in combination with fluconazole, rifabutin, or both drugs, each over 2-week periods in a randomly assigned order. Patients in Part B receive the same regimens except with clarithromycin substituted for rifabutin. In Part C, patients receive dapsone alone for 2 weeks, then in combination with fluconazole, rifabutin, or both drugs in the same manner as in Part A. Part D patients receive the same regimen as those in Part C, except with clarithromycin substituted for rifabutin. Patients are followed every 2 weeks.

Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Mycoses
  • HIV Infections
  • Drug: Clarithromycin
  • Drug: Rifabutin
  • Drug: Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim
  • Drug: Dapsone
  • Drug: Fluconazole
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
48
May 1999
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antiretroviral therapy provided patient has been on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Methadone for drug abuse programs provided patient has been on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to the study.

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection.
  • CD4 count >= 200 cells/mm3.
  • No active opportunistic infection.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Antiretroviral therapy.
  • Methadone for drug abuse therapy.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Suspicion of gastrointestinal malabsorption problems (at discretion of investigator).
  • Known hypersensitivity to dapsone, SMX, or other sulfonamides, trimethoprim, clarithromycin, rifabutin or other rifamycins, fluconazole, or other azoles.
  • G-6-PD deficiency or methemoglobinemia (in Part C and D patients only).

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Cytolytic agents.
  • Amiodarone.
  • Anesthetics, general.
  • Astemizole.
  • Azithromycin.
  • Barbiturates.
  • Carbamazepine.
  • Cimetidine.
  • Ciprofloxacin.
  • Cisapride.
  • Clarithromycin (except as required on study).
  • Clotrimazole.
  • Dexamethasone.
  • Disulfiram.
  • Erythromycin.
  • Fluoroquinolones.
  • Fluoxetine.
  • Gestodene.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide.
  • Hypoglycemics, oral.
  • Isoniazid.
  • Itraconazole.
  • Ketoconazole.
  • Levomepromazine.
  • Loratadine.
  • MAO inhibitors.
  • Methoxsalen.
  • Miconazole.
  • Nafcillin.
  • Narcotic analgesics.
  • Naringenin.
  • Nifedipine.
  • Norethindrone.
  • Pentazocine.
  • Phenothiazines.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Protease inhibitors.
  • Quinidine.
  • Ranitidine.
  • Rifabutin (except as required on study).
  • Rifampin.
  • Sedative hypnotics.
  • Sulfaphenazole.
  • Terfenadine.
  • Tranquilizers (unless allowed by investigator).
  • Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants.
  • Troleandomycin.
  • Warfarin.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Radiation therapy.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Cytolytic agents within 5 years prior to study entry.
  • Rifabutin and/or rifampin within 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Fluconazoles or other azoles within 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Glutathione, glutathione precursors, or related prodrugs within 2 weeks prior to study entry.

Excluded within 72 hours prior to study entry:

  • Amiodarone.
  • Anesthetics, general.
  • Astemizole.
  • Azithromycin.
  • Cimetidine.
  • Ciprofloxacin.
  • Cisapride.
  • Clarithromycin.
  • Dexamethasone.
  • Disulfiram.
  • Erythromycin.
  • Fluoroquinolones.
  • Fluoxetine.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide.
  • Hypoglycemics, oral.
  • Isoniazid.
  • Levomepromazine.
  • Loratadine.
  • MAO inhibitors.
  • Methoxsalen.
  • Nafcillin.
  • Narcotic analgesics.
  • Naringenin.
  • Nifedipine.
  • Norethindrone.
  • Pentazocine.
  • Phenothiazines.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Protease inhibitors.
  • Quinidine.
  • Ranitidine.
  • Sedative hypnotics.
  • Sulfaphenazole.
  • Terfenadine.
  • Tranquilizers (unless allowed by investigator).
  • Troleandomycin.
  • Warfarin.

Excluded within 4 weeks prior to study entry:

  • Barbiturates.
  • Carbamazepine.
  • Clotrimazole.
  • Gestodene.
  • Itraconazole.
  • Ketoconazole.
  • Miconazole.
  • Omeprazole.
  • Rifabutin.
  • Rifampin.
  • Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood transfusion within 1 week prior to study entry.
  • Radiation therapy within 5 years prior to study entry.

Active drug or alcohol abuse or dependence that would preclude completion of study.

Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000826
ACTG 283, 11259
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Unadkat J
Study Chair: Trapnell CB
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP