A Multicenter Phase II Double-Blind Exploratory Study to Evaluate Differences Among Various Zidovudine/Didanosine Regimens on Quantitative Measures of Viral Burden in Relatively Early HIV-1 Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Glaxo Wellcome
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000823
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: July 26, 2013
Last verified: July 2013

November 2, 1999
July 26, 2013
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000823 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Multicenter Phase II Double-Blind Exploratory Study to Evaluate Differences Among Various Zidovudine/Didanosine Regimens on Quantitative Measures of Viral Burden in Relatively Early HIV-1 Infection
A Multicenter Phase II Double-Blind Exploratory Study to Evaluate Differences Among Various Zidovudine/Didanosine Regimens on Quantitative Measures of Viral Burden in Relatively Early HIV-1 Infection

To determine the relative antiviral activity and safety of zidovudine ( AZT ) and didanosine ( ddI ) alone and in combination, as well as in various sequences of administration.

The relative efficacy of the approved antiretrovirals in early HIV-1 disease is unclear; thus, a study is needed to evaluate the ability of these various nucleoside analogs to limit pathogenicity.

The relative efficacy of the approved antiretrovirals in early HIV-1 disease is unclear; thus, a study is needed to evaluate the ability of these various nucleoside analogs to limit pathogenicity.

Patients undergo observation for 2 weeks, then are randomized to one of six treatment arms to receive ddI alone or in sequence or combination with AZT for 16-32 weeks, followed by 4 weeks of post-treatment evaluation. The regimens are: ddI alone for 32 weeks; AZT for 16 weeks followed by ddI for 16 weeks; AZT for 16 weeks followed by AZT/ddI combination for 16 weeks; ddI for 16 weeks followed by AZT for 16 weeks; AZT/ddI combination for 32 weeks; and placebo for 32 weeks.

PER AMENDMENT 6/18/96: NOTE: Patients enrolled under version 3 of the study will terminate treatment at week 16 and have a 4 week follow up.

Interventional
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Zidovudine
  • Drug: Didanosine
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
85
February 2000
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Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • HIV-1 seropositivity.
  • CD4 count >= 550 cells/mm3.
  • Asymptomatic disease.
  • No prior antiretroviral therapy.
  • Consent of parent or guardian if less than 18 years old.

PER AMENDMENT 6/18/96:

  • Patients with an undocumented history of oral candidiasis or a history of candidiasis that was antibiotic associated may enroll.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Medical condition that precludes study compliance.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Antiretrovirals other than study drugs.
  • Biologic response modifiers including erythropoietin and G-CSF.
  • Systemic corticosteroids.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Intravenous pentamidine.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Systemic radiation therapy.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of grade 2 or worse peripheral neuropathy.
  • History of pancreatitis or factors predisposing to pancreatitis.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prior antiretrovirals.
  • Systemic immunomodulators (e.g., gp120, gp160, IL-2, interferons) within 3 months prior to study entry.

Chronic alcoholism.

Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000823
ACTG 276, 11252
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Glaxo Wellcome
Study Chair: Collier AC
Study Chair: Johnson V
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
July 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP