A Phase III Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerance, and Efficacy of Early Treatment With Zidovudine (AZT) in Asymptomatic Infants With HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Glaxo Wellcome
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000750
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 15, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

November 2, 1999
March 15, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000750 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Phase III Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerance, and Efficacy of Early Treatment With Zidovudine (AZT) in Asymptomatic Infants With HIV Infection
A Phase III Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerance, and Efficacy of Early Treatment With Zidovudine (AZT) in Asymptomatic Infants With HIV Infection

Primary: To determine the efficacy of early treatment with zidovudine (AZT) in HIV-infected asymptomatic infants. To determine the safety and tolerance of AZT in this patient population.

Secondary: To compare the virologic and immunologic parameters between the treatment groups. To determine the efficacy of AZT as an early treatment to prevent development of CD4+ cell depletion in HIV-infected asymptomatic infants.

AZT is currently indicated for primary treatment in children with HIV-associated signs and symptoms and for those with significant immunodeficiency. This study will attempt to determine whether early treatment with AZT prevents the development of symptoms in HIV-infected infants who are asymptomatic.

AZT is currently indicated for primary treatment in children with HIV-associated signs and symptoms and for those with significant immunodeficiency. This study will attempt to determine whether early treatment with AZT prevents the development of symptoms in HIV-infected infants who are asymptomatic.

Patients are randomized to receive oral AZT (at age-adjusted doses) or placebo. Patients are evaluated at weeks 2 and 4 and every 4 weeks thereafter; those who reach a study endpoint will have their treatment unblinded to allow the clinician to determine which treatment regimen the patient should then receive. Patients who meet the criteria for changes to open-label AZT will be given the appropriate age-adjusted dose without unblinding the original randomization assignment. Patients who complete or discontinue treatment are followed every 6 months for up to 2 years.

Interventional
Phase 3
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
400
September 1996
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Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection.
  • CD4 count >= 2000 cells/mm3 AND >= 30 percent of total lymphocytes.
  • No signs or symptoms of HIV infection (other than lymphadenopathy, mild hepatomegaly, hypergammaglobulinemia, or splenomegaly, which is permitted).
  • Consent of parent or guardian.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms and conditions are excluded:

  • Serious acute infection requiring parenteral therapy at time of entry.
  • One or more serious, proven bacterial infections including any of the following:
  • septicemia; pneumonia; meningitis; bone or joint infection; or abscess of an internal organ or body cavity (excluding otitis media or superficial skin or mucosal abscesses) that are caused by Haemophilus, Streptococcus (including pneumococcus), or other pyogenic bacteria.
  • Clinical neurologic/neuropsychologic deficits, or a head circumference less than the fifth percentile.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Any agent with known antiretroviral activity.
  • Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or aspirin for more than 72 hours continuously.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • More than 7 weeks of prior antiretroviral or immunomodulator therapy post-natally.

Recommended:

  • PCP prophylaxis.
  • Immunizations according to current recommendations.
Both
up to 9 Months
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Puerto Rico
 
NCT00000750
ACTG 182, 11157
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Glaxo Wellcome
Study Chair: E Connor
Study Chair: G McSherry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP