A Study of d4T in Patients With AIDS or AIDS-Related Complex Who Cannot Take AZT

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000686
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: August 25, 2008
Last verified: May 1999

November 2, 1999
August 25, 2008
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000686 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Study of d4T in Patients With AIDS or AIDS-Related Complex Who Cannot Take AZT
A Phase I Safety Study of BMY-27857 (2',3'-Dideoxy-2',3'-Didehydrothymidine [d4T]) Administered Four Times Daily to AZT-Intolerant Patients With AIDS or AIDS-Related Complex

To determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine (d4T) administered to patients with AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC) who are intolerant of zidovudine (AZT). The study also begins an assessment of the effectiveness of d4T therapy on HIV replication, on plasma levels of p24 antigen, and clinical or immunologic parameters associated with AIDS.

Of the methods that are being evaluated to treat HIV-infected individuals, AZT has produced the best results to date. Toxic effects in approximately 50 percent of patients receiving AZT may limit its usefulness for prolonged treatment. Long-term treatment may be necessary to prevent progression of early stage HIV infection to AIDS and to prevent secondary transmission. Other drugs that may be equally or more effective than AZT and useful in the long- term treatment of HIV infection must be developed and evaluated. Test-tube and animal studies of d4T show that the drug can inhibit replication (reproduction) of HIV at concentrations similar to concentrations of AZT that have anti-HIV activity. These studies also indicate that the drug may stay in the bloodstream longer than AZT. Thus, it may be possible for the drug to be as effective as AZT when taken less frequently than AZT. It also may have a less disturbing effect on other body functions (such as thymidine metabolism).

Of the methods that are being evaluated to treat HIV-infected individuals, AZT has produced the best results to date. Toxic effects in approximately 50 percent of patients receiving AZT may limit its usefulness for prolonged treatment. Long-term treatment may be necessary to prevent progression of early stage HIV infection to AIDS and to prevent secondary transmission. Other drugs that may be equally or more effective than AZT and useful in the long- term treatment of HIV infection must be developed and evaluated. Test-tube and animal studies of d4T show that the drug can inhibit replication (reproduction) of HIV at concentrations similar to concentrations of AZT that have anti-HIV activity. These studies also indicate that the drug may stay in the bloodstream longer than AZT. Thus, it may be possible for the drug to be as effective as AZT when taken less frequently than AZT. It also may have a less disturbing effect on other body functions (such as thymidine metabolism).

Five patients are enrolled at each dose level and receive d4T for 10 weeks at their initial dose level. Escalation to the next higher dose level, using a different group of five patients, occurs after three patients in the preceding group have successfully completed at least 3 weeks of oral dosing.

Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Stavudine
Not Provided
Browne MJ, Mayer KH, Chafee SB, Dudley MN, Posner MR, Steinberg SM, Graham KK, Geletko SM, Zinner SH, Denman SL, et al. 2',3'-didehydro-3'-deoxythymidine (d4T) in patients with AIDS or AIDS-related complex: a phase I trial. J Infect Dis. 1993 Jan;167(1):21-9.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
35
Not Provided
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Diagnosis of AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC).
  • Previous intolerance to daily doses of up to 1200 mg of zidovudine (AZT) demonstrated by a decrease in hemoglobin levels of 2 - 8.5 g/dl or AZT-related depression of neutrophils of 200 - 750 cells/mm3.
  • Ability to provide informed consent.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine (AZT).

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • AIDS-defining opportunistic infection on enrollment.
  • Intractable diarrhea.
  • History of seizures within past 2 years or currently requiring anticonvulsants for control.
  • Any other clinical conditions or prior therapy which in the opinion of the investigator would make the patient unsuitable for study or unable to comply with the dosing requirements.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Systemic maintenance or chemoprophylaxis for opportunistic infection (includes dapsone, acyclovir).
  • Systemic therapy with this or any other antiretroviral drug (except zidovudine (AZT)) or investigational drug.
  • Ribavirin.
  • Cytotoxic anticancer therapy.
  • Any agent known as a potent inducer or inhibitor of drug-metabolizing enzymes (includes rifampin and barbiturates).
  • Trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole (TMP / SMX).

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • AIDS-defining opportunistic infection on enrollment.
  • Intractable diarrhea.
  • History of seizures within past 2 years or currently requiring anticonvulsants for control.
  • Any other clinical conditions or prior therapy which in the opinion of the investigator would make the patient unsuitable for study or unable to comply with the dosing requirements.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 2 weeks of study entry:

  • Any agent known as a potent inducer or inhibitor of drug-metabolizing enzymes (includes rifampin and barbiturates).

Excluded within 1 month of study entry:

  • Systemic therapy with this or any other antiretroviral drug (except zidovudine (AZT)) or investigational drug.

Excluded within 3 months of study entry:

  • Ribavirin.
  • Cytotoxic anticancer therapy.

Active alcohol or drug abuse sufficient in investigator's opinion to prevent adequate compliance with study therapy.

Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000686
ACTG 111, AI455-004
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
May 1999

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP