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A Phase I/II Open-Labelled Trial of Intravitreal Ganciclovir Salvage Therapy for AIDS Patients With Active CMV Retinitis Who Are Intolerant of Systemic Therapy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000673
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 28, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

November 2, 1999
March 28, 2012
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000673 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Phase I/II Open-Labelled Trial of Intravitreal Ganciclovir Salvage Therapy for AIDS Patients With Active CMV Retinitis Who Are Intolerant of Systemic Therapy
A Phase I/II Open-Labelled Trial of Intravitreal Ganciclovir Salvage Therapy for AIDS Patients With Active CMV Retinitis Who Are Intolerant of Systemic Therapy

AMENDED: 04-12-91 Population of patients changed FROM those who are intolerant of systemic therapy with NON-sight-threatening CMV retinitis TO those AIDS patients intolerant of systemic therapy with CMV retinitis.

AMENDED: 8/8/90. Changes made in neutrophils count from < 500 to < 750 cells/mm3. Nonrandomized eyes will not be used for the primary efficacy evaluation.

ORIGINAL DESIGN: To determine the effectiveness and safety of ganciclovir (DHPG) therapy in AIDS patients suffering from active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the retina of the eye (retinitis) when the drug is administered directly into the fluid-filled vitreous cavity of the eye by injection.

CMV retinitis is the most frequently seen opportunistic infection of the eye in AIDS patients, and left untreated can lead to severe visual loss and blindness. While systemic administration of DHPG has been shown to be an effective treatment for CMV retinitis, the chronic administration required may be complicated by decreased blood cell counts (granulocytopenia) which may require discontinuation of treatment. While withholding treatment may allow recovery from the granulocytopenia, interruption of therapy may result in reactivation of the retinitis. Injection of DHPG into the vitreous cavity of the eye may be of benefit to severely neutropenic patients with CMV retinitis.

CMV retinitis is the most frequently seen opportunistic infection of the eye in AIDS patients, and left untreated can lead to severe visual loss and blindness. While systemic administration of DHPG has been shown to be an effective treatment for CMV retinitis, the chronic administration required may be complicated by decreased blood cell counts (granulocytopenia) which may require discontinuation of treatment. While withholding treatment may allow recovery from the granulocytopenia, interruption of therapy may result in reactivation of the retinitis. Injection of DHPG into the vitreous cavity of the eye may be of benefit to severely neutropenic patients with CMV retinitis.

Patients must have active CMV retinitis in one or both eyes, despite prior systemic therapy. Following medical evaluation, the decision is made whether to treat the eye(s) immediately or to watch the eye(s) carefully for advancement of the retinitis. Eyes with sight-threatening lesions or eyes without functional vision are treated immediately and eyes without sight-threatening lesions are randomly chosen for either immediate or deferred therapy. DHPG is given by injection with a very fine needle twice a week for the first 3 weeks and once a week for the remaining 24 weeks.

Interventional
Phase 1
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
  • HIV Infections
Drug: Ganciclovir
Not Provided
  • Polsky B, Wolitz R, Cantrill H, Chuang EL, Heinemann MH, Sands M, Feinberg JE, Power M, Davis R. Intravitreal (IVL) Ganciclovir (GCV) salvage therapy (Rx) for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis (ACTG 085): a preliminary report. Int Conf AIDS. 1991 Jun 16-21;7(2):267 (abstract no WB2340)
  • Polsky, et al. Intravitreal ganciclovir salvage therapy for cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS: AIDS Clinical Trials Groups Protocol 085. Int J Infect Dis. 1996 Oct; 1(2):70-4

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
38
May 1993
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • AMENDED: 8/8/90 Other available antiretroviral therapy.
  • Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis, either systemic or local (aerosolized).
  • Chemotherapy for Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • Systemic therapy for intercurrent opportunistic infections.
  • Acyclovir or other treatment of Herpes simplex virus (HSV) or Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infections.
  • Systemic therapy deemed necessary for appropriate medical management.

Patients must have AIDS and cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in at least one eye, diagnosed by an ophthalmologist and verified by fundoscopy and fundus photography.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Contraindication to intravitreal injection, including obvious external infection and vitreous hemorrhage.
  • Medical opacities of cornea, lens, and/or vitreous which precludes fundus photography.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prophylactic acyclovir at time of study entry.
  • Other anticytomegalovirus (CMV) therapy, particularly systemic ganciclovir, foscarnet, or CMV hyperimmune globulin.
  • Topical ophthalmic medications should be avoided.
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) therapies and chronic acyclovir, including necessary therapies for an intercurrent opportunistic infection.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Contraindication to intravitreal injection, including obvious external infection and vitreous hemorrhage.
  • Medical opacities of cornea, lens, and/or vitreous which precludes fundus photography.
Both
13 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000673
ACTG 085, 11060
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Polsky B
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP