A Phase II Safety and Efficacy Study of Clarithromycin in the Treatment of Disseminated M. Avium Complex (MAC) Infections in Patients With AIDS

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Abbott
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000644
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: February 24, 2011
Last verified: February 2011

November 2, 1999
February 24, 2011
Not Provided
November 1997   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000644 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
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A Phase II Safety and Efficacy Study of Clarithromycin in the Treatment of Disseminated M. Avium Complex (MAC) Infections in Patients With AIDS
A Phase II Safety and Efficacy Study of Clarithromycin in the Treatment of Disseminated M. Avium Complex (MAC) Infections in Patients With AIDS

This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clarithromycin given orally at 1 of 3 doses to treat disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infections (MAC) in patients with AIDS.

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is thought to be the most common disseminated bacterial opportunistic infection in AIDS, with clinical prevalence estimates ranging from 15 to 50 percent of all AIDS patients. Clarithromycin, a new macrolide antimicrobial agent, has demonstrated activity against MAC both in the laboratory and in animals. Clinical experience treating AIDS patients with clarithromycin for disseminated MAC is limited. However, early studies have indicated few adverse effects and some improvement in clinical symptoms scores and Karnofsky performance scores over placebo treated patients.

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is thought to be the most common disseminated bacterial opportunistic infection in AIDS, with clinical prevalence estimates ranging from 15 to 50 percent of all AIDS patients. Clarithromycin, a new macrolide antimicrobial agent, has demonstrated activity against MAC both in the laboratory and in animals. Clinical experience treating AIDS patients with clarithromycin for disseminated MAC is limited. However, early studies have indicated few adverse effects and some improvement in clinical symptoms scores and Karnofsky performance scores over placebo treated patients.

Treatment is randomly assigned so that twice as many patients receive clarithromycin at the lower dose as at an intermediate dose for 12 weeks. Once data becomes available to support dosing patients with clarithromycin at the highest dose, then treatment will be randomly assigned so that twice as many patients receive clarithromycin at the highest dose as at the intermediate dose. Sixteen patients per group (48 patients in all) will be enrolled. Patients exhibiting clinical improvement or clinical cure while on this trial will be allowed to continue on therapy for an additional 6 months. Patients will have clinical evaluations (including the Karnofsky Performance Scale), laboratory evaluations (hematology and chemistry), and blood cultures for MAC performed monthly.

Interventional
Phase 2
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Mycobacterium Avium-intracellulare Infection
  • HIV Infections
Drug: Clarithromycin
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
100
Not Provided
November 1997   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Didanosine (ddI).
  • Dideoxycytidine (ddC).
  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Acetaminophen.
  • Acyclovir.
  • Fluconazole.
  • Erythropoietin (EPO).
  • Systemic Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis (aerosolized or oral pentamidine, trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole, or dapsone).
  • Maintenance ganciclovir therapy (permitted only if dose and clinical and laboratory parameters have been stable for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry).
  • Maintenance treatment for other opportunistic infections if the dose and clinical and laboratory parameters have been stable for 4 weeks prior to study entry.

Patients must have:

  • Positive results for HIV by ELISA confirmed by another method.
  • Positive blood culture for Mycobacterium avium complex within 2 months of study entry and clinical symptoms of MAC infection.
  • Discontinued all mycobacterial drugs (approved and investigational) for at least 4 weeks prior to the start of drug therapy (with the exception of isoniazid prophylaxis which should be discontinued at Study Day minus 14 to Study Day minus 7
  • Given written informed consent to participate in the trial.
  • Met the listed laboratory parameters in the pre-treatment visit.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Didanosine (ddI).
  • Deoxycytidine (ddC).
  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Acetaminophen.
  • Acyclovir.
  • Fluconazole.
  • Erythropoietin (EPO).
  • Systemic Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) prophylaxis (aerosolized or oral pentamidine, dapsone, trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole).
  • Maintenance ganciclovir therapy (permitted only if dose and clinical and laboratory parameters have been stable for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry).

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • Active opportunistic infections. Maintenance treatment for other opportunistic infections will be permitted if the dose and clinical and laboratory parameters have been stable for 4 weeks prior to study entry.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Aminoglycosides.
  • Ansamycin (rifabutin).
  • Quinolones.
  • Other macrolides.
  • Clofazimine.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Rifampin.
  • Ethambutol.
  • Immunomodulators (except alpha interferon).
  • Investigational drugs (except ddI, ddC, and erythropoietin).

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • History of allergy to macrolide antimicrobials.
  • Currently on active therapy with any anti-mycobacterial drugs listed in Exclusion Prior Medications.
  • Currently on active therapy with carbamazepine or theophylline, unless the investigator agrees to carefully monitor blood levels.
  • Inability to comply with the protocol or judged to be near imminent death by the investigator.
  • Active opportunistic infections.
  • Requiring any of the excluded concomitant medications.

Prior Medication:

Excluded for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry:

  • All anti-mycobacterial drugs (approved and investigational) with the exception of isoniazid prophylaxis, which should be discontinued at Study Day minus 14 to minus 7.
Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00000644
ACTG 157
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Abbott
Study Chair: Chaisson R
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
February 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP