Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA)--HPMPC Peripheral CMV Retinitis Trial (HPCRT)
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 23, 1999|
|Last Updated Date||September 16, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||April 1994|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000142 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA)--HPMPC Peripheral CMV Retinitis Trial (HPCRT)|
|Official Title ICMJE||Not Provided|
To test and evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous cidofovir (Vistide, previously known as HPMPC) for the treatment of retinitis.
CMV retinitis is the most common intraocular infection in patients with AIDS and is estimated to affect 35 percent to 40 percent of patients with AIDS. Untreated CMV retinitis is a progressive disorder, the end result of which is total retinal destruction and blindness. As of September 1997, drugs approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of CMV retinitis were ganciclovir (Cytovene), foscarnet (Foscavir), and cidofovir (Vistide). Cidofovir has a prolonged duration of effect permitting intermittent administration. All systemically administered anti-CMV drugs are given in a similar fashion consisting of initial 2-week high-dose treatment (induction) to control the infection followed by long-term lower dose treatment (maintenance) to prevent relapse. Cidofovir is administered as an intravenous infusion once weekly for induction therapy and once every 2 weeks as maintenance therapy. The HPCRT evaluated the efficacy and safety of cidofovir therapy.
The HPCRT was a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of cidofovir for the treatment of CMV retinitis. Patients with small peripheral CMV retinitis lesions (i.e., not at risk of immediate loss of visual acuity) were randomized to immediate treatment with cidofovir or deferred therapy until the retinitis had progressed 750 ýým. Patients randomized to immediate therapy received either 1) low-dose cidofovir at 5 mg/kg once weekly induction for 2 weeks, followed by 3 mg/kg once every 2 weeks for maintenance or 2) high-dose cidofovir at 5 mg/kg once weekly induction for 2 weeks followed by 5 mg/kg once every 2 weeks for maintenance. Patients whose retinitis progressed were given treatment according to best medical judgement, and those assigned to deferral were generally treated with cidofovir.
Outcomes in this trial included retinitis progression, loss of retinal area, and morbidity.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Cidofovir|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||[No authors listed] Parenteral cidofovir for cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS: the HPMPC peripheral cytomegalovirus retinitis trial. A randomized, controlled trial. Studies of Ocular complications of AIDS Research Group in Collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Ann Intern Med. 1997 Feb 15;126(4):264-74.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||February 1996|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients were age 13 years or older with diagnoses of AIDS, according to current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition, and small peripheral CMV retinitis. Retinitis lesion(s) must have been confined to less than 25 percent of the total area of the retina and confined to the periphery of the retina. Peripheral lesions were those located at least 1,500 um from the margin of the optic disc and 3,000 mm from the center of the fovea (entirely in zone 2 or 3). Patients must have had at least one lesion 750 um or greater in size that could be photographed and the ability to read three or more lines on ETDRS chart at 1 meter (Snellen equivalent of 8/200 or greater) in at least one eye diagnosed with CMV retinitis.
|Ages||13 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Not Provided|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00000142|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||NEI-41|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Verification Date||September 2009|
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