Safety of and Immune Response to Vaccination With 2 Experimental HIV Vaccines in Healthy Adults (HVTN 097)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
HIV Vaccine Trials Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02109354
First received: December 12, 2013
Last updated: April 4, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

The HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) is doing a study to test 2 experimental HIV vaccines in combination with 2 licensed vaccines for tetanus and hepatitis B. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. Tetanus is an infection that causes muscular spasms. Hepatitis B is a virus that can cause liver failure.

About 100 people will take part in this study at multiple sites. The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) is paying for the study.

We are doing this study to answer several questions.

  • Are the HIV study vaccines safe to give to people?
  • Are people able to take the HIV study vaccines without becoming too uncomfortable?
  • How do people's immune systems respond to the HIV study vaccines? (Your immune system protects you from disease.)
  • Can people's immune responses to a tetanus or hepatitis B vaccines help us understand how their immune systems might respond to the HIV study vaccines?
  • Is there a common immune response to licensed vaccines like the tetanus and hepatitis B vaccines?

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infection
Biological: ALVAC-HIV
Biological: AIDSVAX B/E
Biological: Placebo for ALVAC-HIV
Biological: Placebo for AIDSVAX B/E
Biological: Hepatitis B vaccine
Biological: Tetanus toxoid vaccine
Biological: Placebo for hepatitis B vaccine
Biological: Placebo for tetanus vaccine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase 1b Randomized Double Blind Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of the Vaccine Regimen ALVAC-HIV (vCP1521) Followed by AIDSVAX® B/E in Healthy, HIV-1 Uninfected Adult Participants in South Africa

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by HIV Vaccine Trials Network:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess changes (if any) in safety and tolerability at each of 2 administrations of ALVAC-HIV and at each of 2 administrations of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E [ Time Frame: Following vaccinations and on Days 42, 70, 126, 210, 394, 408 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Check for signs and symptoms of reactions to the vaccines, at the injection site and throughout the body. This will include laboratory tests, and a listing of all adverse events meeting National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases' Division of AIDS (DAIDS) criteria for expedited reporting.

  • Characterize the humoral and cellular immune responses (and changes thereof) of participants who receive 2 administrations of ALVAC-HIV followed by 2 administrations of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. [ Time Frame: Months 1, 7.5, and 13. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    • HIV-specific total immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) binding antibody responses
    • Neutralizing antibody magnitude and breadth
    • Magnitude and frequency of HIV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Characterize innate immune responses (eg, changes in PBMC gene expression) of a subset of participants who receive the first administration of ALVAC-HIV. [ Time Frame: 2 weeks following the final vaccination of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    • Changes in PBMC gene expression relative to prevaccine levels of key genes expected to change.
    • Concentrations of cytokines and chemokines in serum and/or plasma samples
    • Cell phenotype assessed by flow cytometric analysis of PBMC subsets.

  • Measure the durability of vaccine-induced HIV-specific immune responses in participants who receive 2 administrations of ALVAC-HIV followed by 2 administrations of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. [ Time Frame: 6 months following the final vaccination of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Measure the effect of BMI on humoral and cellular immune responses. [ Time Frame: 2 weeks following the final vaccination of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Compare humoral and cellular immune responses from participants in this trial with immune responses from participants in Group 1 of RV306 and/or vaccine arm of RV144. [ Time Frame: 2 weeks following the final vaccination of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Measure HIV-specific mucosal IgA, IgG, and V1/V2 Ab responses elicited by the study vaccine regimens. [ Time Frame: Months 1, 7.5, 13 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Test for association between tetanus vaccine-induced immune responses and hepatitis B vaccine-induced immune responses with the primary, secondary, and exploratory HIV-specific immunogenicity endpoints. [ Time Frame: Days 0, 28; months 7.5, 9, 13.5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Compare the effect that the tetanus and hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccines have on HIV-specific vaccine-induced immune responses between Group 1 and Group 2. [ Time Frame: 2 weeks following the final vaccination of ALVAC-HIV + AIDSVAX® B/E. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: June 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: HIV Regimen + Tetanus and HBV Vaccines
Participants will receive a tetanus vaccine injection (tetanus toxoid vaccine), followed by 2 injection of an experimental canarypox HIV vaccine (ALVAC-HIV; months 1, 2), than 2 injection of a protein HIV vaccine boost (AIDSVAX B/E; months 4, 7), followed by a hepatitis B vaccine series (months 7.5, 8.5, 13)
Biological: ALVAC-HIV
Formulated as a lyophilized vaccine for injection and is reconstituted with 1.05 mL of sterile Sodium Chloride solution (0.4% NaCl) for a single 1 mL dose of >1.0 x 106 CCID50/mL, to administer intramuscularly (IM).
Other Name: vCP1521
Biological: AIDSVAX B/E
300 mcg of subtype B (MN) HIV gp120 glycoprotein and 300 mcg of subtype E (A244) HIV gp120 glycoprotein adsorbed onto 600 mcg of aluminum hydroxide gel adjuvant. Each vial contains 1.2 mL of sterile suspension, to administer 1 mL IM.
Other Name: gp120
Biological: Hepatitis B vaccine
Each 1 mL dose contains 20 mcg of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) adsorbed onto 500 mcg aluminum as aluminum hydroxide, to administer IM.
Other Names:
  • HBV vaccine
  • ENGERIX-B
Biological: Tetanus toxoid vaccine
The active ingredient is tetanus toxoid (≥ 40 I.U. / 0.5 mL) adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide dihydrate (600 mcg of aluminium), to administer IM.
Other Names:
  • Tetanus vaccine
  • Tetavax
Active Comparator: HIV Vaccine Regimen
Participants will receive a placebo for tetanus vaccine by injection (placebo tetanus toxoid vaccine), followed by 2 injection of an experimental canarypox HIV vaccine (ALVAC-HIV; months 1, 2), than 2 injection of a protein HIV vaccine boost (AIDSVAX B/E; months 4, 7), followed by a placebo for hepatitis B vaccine series (months 7.5, 8.5, 13)
Biological: ALVAC-HIV
Formulated as a lyophilized vaccine for injection and is reconstituted with 1.05 mL of sterile Sodium Chloride solution (0.4% NaCl) for a single 1 mL dose of >1.0 x 106 CCID50/mL, to administer intramuscularly (IM).
Other Name: vCP1521
Biological: AIDSVAX B/E
300 mcg of subtype B (MN) HIV gp120 glycoprotein and 300 mcg of subtype E (A244) HIV gp120 glycoprotein adsorbed onto 600 mcg of aluminum hydroxide gel adjuvant. Each vial contains 1.2 mL of sterile suspension, to administer 1 mL IM.
Other Name: gp120
Biological: Placebo for hepatitis B vaccine
Sodium Chloride for Injection, 0.9% administered IM.
Biological: Placebo for tetanus vaccine
Sodium Chloride for Injection, 0.9% administered IM.
Placebo Comparator: Tetanus and HBV Vaccines
Participants will receive a tetanus vaccine injection (tetanus toxoid vaccine), followed by 2 injection of a placebo for the experimental canarypox HIV vaccine (placebo for ALVAC-HIV; months 1, 2), than 2 injection of a placebo protein HIV vaccine boost (placebo for AIDSVAX B/E; months 4, 7), followed by a hepatitis B vaccine series (months 7.5, 8.5, 13)
Biological: Placebo for ALVAC-HIV
A sterile, lyophilized product that consists of a mixture of virus stabilizer, and freeze drying medium and is reconstituted with 1.05 mL of sterile Sodium Chloride (0.4% NaCl) for a single 1 mL dose, to administer IM.
Biological: Placebo for AIDSVAX B/E
Sodium Chloride for Injection, 0.9% administered IM.
Biological: Hepatitis B vaccine
Each 1 mL dose contains 20 mcg of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) adsorbed onto 500 mcg aluminum as aluminum hydroxide, to administer IM.
Other Names:
  • HBV vaccine
  • ENGERIX-B
Biological: Tetanus toxoid vaccine
The active ingredient is tetanus toxoid (≥ 40 I.U. / 0.5 mL) adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide dihydrate (600 mcg of aluminium), to administer IM.
Other Names:
  • Tetanus vaccine
  • Tetavax

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age of 18 to 40 years
  • Access to a participating HVTN CRS and willingness to be followed for the planned duration of the study
  • Ability and willingness to provide informed consent
  • Assessment of understanding: volunteer demonstrates understanding of this study; completes a questionnaire prior to first vaccination with verbal demonstration of understanding of all questionnaire items answered incorrectly
  • Agrees not to enroll in another study of an investigational research agent
  • Good general health as shown by medical history, physical exam, and screening laboratory tests
  • Willingness to receive tetanus and Hepatitis B vaccination
  • Willingness to receive HIV test results
  • Willingness to discuss HIV infection risks, amenable to HIV risk reduction counseling, and committed to maintaining behavior consistent with low risk of HIV exposure through the last required protocol clinic visit
  • Assessed by the clinic staff as being at "low risk" for HIV infection
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 11.0 g/dL for volunteers who were born female, ≥ 13.0 g/dL for volunteers who were born male
  • White blood cell count = 3,300 to 12,000 cells/mm3
  • Total lymphocyte count ≥ 800 cells/mm3
  • Remaining differential either within institutional normal range or with site physician approval
  • Platelets = 125,000 to 550,000/mm3
  • Chemistry panel: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase < 1.25 times the institutional upper limit of normal; creatinine ≤ institutional upper limit of normal.
  • Negative HIV-1 and -2 blood test: Sites may use locally available assays that have been approved by HVTN Laboratory Operations.
  • Negative Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Negative Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb)
  • Negative anti-Hepatitis C virus antibodies (anti-HCV), or negative HCV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) if the anti-HCV is positive
  • Normal urine:

    • Negative urine glucose,
    • Negative or trace urine protein, and
    • Urinalysis (dipstick) for blood no greater than 1+ (if trace or 1+ hemoglobin is present on dipstick, a microscopic urinalysis with red blood cells levels within institutional normal range).
  • Volunteers who were born female: negative serum or urine β human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) pregnancy test performed prior to vaccination on the day of initial vaccination
  • Reproductive status: A volunteer who was born female must:

    • Agree to consistently use effective contraception (see Appendix C) for sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy from at least 21 days prior to enrollment through the last required protocol clinic visit. Effective contraception for participants in South Africa is defined as using 2 methods, including the following:

      • Condoms (male or female) with or without a spermicide,
      • Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide,

PLUS 1 of the following methods:

  • Intrauterine device (IUD),
  • Hormonal contraception (in accordance with South African contraception guidelines), or

    • Successful vasectomy in the male partner (considered successful if a volunteer reports that a male partner has [1] documentation of azoospermia by microscopy, or [2] a vasectomy more than 2 years ago with no resultant pregnancy despite sexual activity postvasectomy);
    • Or not be of reproductive potential, such as having reached menopause (no menses for 1 year) or having undergone hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation;
    • Or be sexually abstinent.

      • Volunteers who were born female must also agree not to seek pregnancy through alternative methods, such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization until after the last required protocol clinic visit

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Blood products received within 120 days before first vaccination
  • Investigational research agents received within 30 days before first vaccination
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40; or BMI ≥ 35 with 2 or more of the following: age > 45, systolic blood pressure > 140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg, current smoker, known hyperlipidemia
  • Intent to participate in another study of an investigational research agent during the planned duration of the HVTN 097 study
  • Pregnant, breastfeeding or lactating
  • History of Hepatitis B viral infection
  • History of tetanus disease Vaccines and other Injections
  • HIV vaccine(s) received in a prior HIV vaccine trial. For volunteers who have received control/placebo in an HIV vaccine trial, the HVTN 097 PSRT will determine eligibility on a case-by-case basis.
  • Non-HIV experimental vaccine(s) received within the last 5 years in a prior vaccine trial. Exceptions may be made for vaccines that have subsequently undergone licensure by the South Africa Medicines Control Council (MCC). For volunteers who have received control/placebo in an experimental vaccine trial, the HVTN 097 PSRT will determine eligibility on a case-by-case basis. For volunteers who have received an experimental vaccine(s) greater than 5 years ago, eligibility for enrollment will be determined by the HVTN 097 PSRT on a case-by-case basis.
  • Live attenuated vaccines other than influenza vaccine received within 30 days before first vaccination or scheduled within 14 days after injection (eg, measles, mumps, and rubella [MMR]; oral polio vaccine [OPV]; varicella; yellow fever)
  • Influenza vaccine or any vaccines that are not live attenuated vaccines and were received within 14 days prior to first vaccination (eg, pneumococcal, Hepatitis A)
  • Any requirement to receive an HBV vaccine other than the HBV vaccine given during the study period.
  • Allergy treatment with antigen injections within 30 days before first vaccination or that are scheduled within 14 days after first vaccination
  • Known to have received a tetanus vaccination within the last 5 years prior to first vaccination.
  • Immunosuppressive medications received within 168 days before first vaccination. (Not excluded: [1] corticosteroid nasal spray; [2] inhaled corticosteroids; [3] topical corticosteroids for mild, uncomplicated dermatitis; or [4] a single course of oral/parenteral corticosteroids at doses < 2 mg/kg/day and length of therapy < 11 days with completion at least 30 days prior to enrollment.
  • Serious adverse reactions to vaccines including anaphylaxis and related symptoms such as hives, respiratory difficulty, angioedema, and/or abdominal pain. (Not excluded: a volunteer who had a nonanaphylactic adverse reaction to pertussis vaccine as a child.)
  • History of allergic reaction to yeast
  • History of allergic reaction to HBV or tetanus vaccine or any component of the vaccines or placebo, including eggs, egg products, or neomycin
  • Immunoglobulin received within 60 days before first vaccination
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Untreated or incompletely treated syphilis infection
  • Clinically significant medical condition, physical examination findings, clinically significant abnormal laboratory results, or past medical history with clinically significant implications for current health. A clinically significant condition or process includes but is not limited to:

    • A process that would affect the immune response,
    • A process that would require medication that affects the immune response,
    • Any contraindication to repeated injections or blood draws,
    • A condition that requires active medical intervention or monitoring to avert grave danger to the volunteer's health or well-being during the study period,
    • A condition or process for which signs or symptoms could be confused with reactions to vaccine, or
    • Any condition specifically listed among the exclusion criteria below.
  • Any medical, psychiatric, occupational, or other condition that, in the judgment of the investigator, would interfere with, or serve as a contraindication to, protocol adherence, assessment of safety or reactogenicity, or a volunteer's ability to give informed consent
  • Psychiatric condition that precludes compliance with the protocol. Specifically excluded are persons with psychoses within the past 3 years, ongoing risk for suicide, or history of suicide attempt or gesture within the past 3 years.
  • Current anti-TB prophylaxis or therapy
  • Asthma other than mild or moderate, well-controlled asthma. (Symptoms of asthma severity as defined in the most recent National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) Expert Panel report).

Exclude a volunteer who:

  • Uses a short-acting rescue inhaler (typically a β 2 agonist) daily, or
  • Uses high dose inhaled corticosteroids, or
  • In the past year has either of the following:

    • Greater than 1 exacerbation of symptoms treated with oral/parenteral corticosteroids;
    • Needed emergency care, urgent care, hospitalization, or intubation for asthma.

      • Diabetes mellitus type 1 or type 2, including cases controlled with diet alone. (Not excluded: history of isolated gestational diabetes.)
      • Thyroidectomy, or thyroid disease requiring medication during the last 12 months
      • Hypertension:
  • If a person has been found to have elevated blood pressure or hypertension during screening or previously, exclude for blood pressure that is not well controlled. Well-controlled blood pressure is defined as consistently ≤ 140 mm Hg systolic and ≤ 90 mm Hg diastolic, with or without medication, with only isolated, brief instances of higher readings, which must be ≤ 150 mm Hg systolic and ≤ 100 mm Hg diastolic. For these volunteers, blood pressure must be ≤ 140 mm Hg systolic and ≤ 90 mm Hg diastolic at enrollment.
  • If a person has NOT been found to have elevated blood pressure or hypertension during screening or previously, exclude for systolic blood pressure ≥ 150 mm Hg at enrollment or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mm Hg at enrollment.

    • Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (eg, factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions)
    • Malignancy (Not excluded: Volunteer who has had malignancy excised surgically and who, in the investigator's estimation, has a reasonable assurance of sustained cure. or who is unlikely to experience recurrence of malignancy during the period of the study)
    • Seizure disorder: History of seizure(s) within past three years. Also exclude if volunteer has used medications in order to prevent or treat seizure(s) at any time within the past 3 years.
    • Asplenia: any condition resulting in the absence of a functional spleen
    • History of hereditary angioedema, acquired angioedema, or idiopathic angioedema.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02109354

Locations
South Africa
Emavundleni Desmond Tutu HIV Centre CRS
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa, 7750
Aurum Institute for Health Research
Klerksdorp, South Africa, 2570
Perinatal HIV Research Unit
Soweto, South Africa, 2013
Sponsors and Collaborators
HIV Vaccine Trials Network
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: HIV Vaccine Trials Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02109354     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HVTN 097
Study First Received: December 12, 2013
Last Updated: April 4, 2014
Health Authority: South Africa: Medicines Control Council

Keywords provided by HIV Vaccine Trials Network:
HIV infection
Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Infection
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014