Trial record 12 of 30 for:    "secondhand smoke" | Open Studies

Brief Interventions to Create Smoke-Free Home Policies in Low-Income Households: Texas Effectiveness Trial (SFH)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2014 by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Emory University
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Washington University School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Patricia Dolan Mullen, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02097914
First received: March 24, 2014
Last updated: NA
Last verified: March 2014
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

The burden of tobacco use falls disproportionately on low-income populations, through high rates of primary smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke. The remarkable progress in creating smoke-free environments in the U.S over the past two decades has left smoker's homes as one of the primary sources of exposure to secondhand smoke for both children and nonsmoking adults. Intervention research that identifies effective and practical strategies for reaching the minority of households that still allow smoking in the home has considerable potential to reduce smoke exposure, but suitable channels to reach low-income families are limited.

The proposed research will systematically test an intervention designed to create smoke-free homes in low income households among 2-1-1 callers. During this randomized control trial, researchers will disseminate and evaluate a brief smoke-free homes intervention through the established infrastructure of a Texas 2-1-1 call center. 2-1-1 is a nationally designated 3-digit telephone exchange, similar to 9-1-1 for emergencies or 4-1-1 for directory assistance, that links callers to community-based health and social services. The main hypothesis to be tested is that a higher proportion of households in the intervention group will establish and maintain a smoke-free home than in the measures-only control group.


Condition Intervention
Chronic Disease
Behavioral: Educational print materials and coaching call

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Brief Interventions to Create Smoke-Free Home Policies in Low-Income Households: Texas Effectiveness Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Presence of a total home smoking ban [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported total home smoking bans at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Weekly secondhand smoke exposure for non-smokers [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported secondhand smoke exposure for non-smokers at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cessation attempts (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported cessation attempts (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of cigarettes smoked (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in reported number of cigarettes smoked (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Stage of change to quit smoking (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in stage of change to quit smoking (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cessation (for smokers) [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in cessation (for smokers) at 3-month and 6-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 550
Study Start Date: March 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Control
Participant receives usual care.
Experimental: Intervention
Educational print materials and coaching call: Intervention group participants receive three sets of mailed educational materials about making their home smoke-free and once coaching call.
Behavioral: Educational print materials and coaching call
Intervention group participants receive three sets of mailed educational materials about making their home smoke-free and one coaching call.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be 18 years of age or older.
  • Must speak and understand English.
  • Must smoke and live with at least one other non-smoking person OR be a non-smoker who lives with a smoker(s).
  • Must not have a total smoking ban in their home.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who are in immediate crisis
  • Participants who are calling to be transferred to the TIERS program
  • Participants who are homeless or facing homelessness
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02097914

Contacts
Contact: Jo Ann A Gutierrez, MPH 713-500-9673 Jo.Ann.A.Gutierrez@uth.tmc.edu

Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas School of Public Health Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Principal Investigator: Patricia D Mullen, DrPh         
Sub-Investigator: Maria E Fernandez, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Lara Savas, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Emory University
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Washington University School of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Patricia D Mullen, DrPH The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Principal Investigator: Maria E Fernandez, PhD The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Principal Investigator: Lara Savas, PhD The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Study Director: Jo Ann A Gutierrez, MPH The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Patricia Dolan Mullen, Professor - Health Prom & Behavioral Sci - SPH, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02097914     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HSC-SPH-13-0902, U10CA154282-03
Study First Received: March 24, 2014
Last Updated: March 24, 2014
Health Authority: USA: NIH/National Cancer Institute

Keywords provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston:
Secondhand smoke exposure
Secondhand smoke
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Smoke-free homes
Smoke-free homes ban

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chronic Disease
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014