BioRBC Survival in Adults With Prior Antibody Response to BioRBCs

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2014 by University of Iowa
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Iowa Identifier:
First received: February 27, 2014
Last updated: February 28, 2014
Last verified: February 2014

Objective: To gather safety and efficacy BioRBC data from adult subjects who previously developed transient BioRBC antibody responses by redosing them and observing for adverse clinical or laboratory (i.e., a positive BioRBC antibody titer) outcomes to determine if RBC kinetic study results differ from the previous study.

Hypothesis: BioRBC survival studies performed in adult subjects who previously developed a transient BioRBC antibody response will: 1) be associated with no adverse clinical or laboratory events; 2) experience a second transient, BioRBC antibody response; and 3) display a pattern of RBC survival that is identical to their prior dosing with BioRBCs at the same dose.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: Transfusion of biotin labelled RBCs
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: BioRBC Survival in Adults With Prior Antibody Response to BioRBCs

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Iowa:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Presence of biotin antibody in blood sample after transfusion of biotinylated RBCs [ Time Frame: 10 min to day when antibody is no longer detected, typically 6 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: May 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Biotin labelled RBCs Drug: Transfusion of biotin labelled RBCs

Detailed Description:

Summary. Subjects eligible for study include adult study subjects older than 18 years who had a positive antibody response to BioRBCs in previous BioRBC studies at the University of Iowa, Adult BioRBC Redosing Safety Protocol Page 3 of 6 but who are now BioRBC antibody sero-negative. The study will begin after IRB approval. The information summaries and IRB consent forms used in prior studies did not include a statement indicating that subjects would not be re-contacted for future research. Written informed consent will be obtained prior to study. The total number of subjects available for study is 4, i.e., all subjects who we previously identified as having formed antibodies to BioRBC following autologous BioRBC transfusion.

Removal of subjects. Subjects will be free to withdraw from the study at their discretion. The investigators will also be free to withdraw study subjects from the study for reasons of non-compliance, inability to conduct the required study assessments or if the Investigators determined it was in the best interest of the subject. The reasons for subject withdrawal will be documented. The Investigators will attempt to collect safety data on withdrawn subjects.

Study design. This is an open Phase 1 study in which the only 4 subjects we identified as having developed antibodies to BioRBCs — and who are now negative for these antibodies — will be re-dosed with BioRBCs. This will be conducted at a single study site at the University of Iowa.

As illustrated in the protocol diagram figure below, following screening and enrolment, each subject will donate 100 mL of whole blood collected in CPD preservative from which RBC concentrates will be prepared according to the standard methodology and procedures included in our original 2006 FDA IND application with only minor modification of study sample times.

Specific Aims. Using a dose of biotin labeled autologous RBCs that is ~30% of our previous dose we will determine during a 20 wk post-transfusion study period whether study subjects:

  1. Develop a second BioRBC antibody response that is greater than, less than, or equal to each subject's previous response.
  2. Experience a fall in Hb/Hct, rise in reticulocyte count, and/or a decrease in RBC survival following the appearance of BioRBC antibodies;
  3. Experience clinical signs or symptoms following the appearance of BioRBC antibodies.
  4. Have detectable BioRBC enrichment throughout the entire study period (as was possible previously with a larger BioRBC dose).

Dose and duration. A single dose of BioRBCs that will include the same densities of biotin labeled RBCs as studied previously in survival studies. On the first day of study, a fresh ~100 mL aliquot of autologous RBC will be collected and labeled with biotin at densities 6, 18, 54 and 128 μg/mL RBC. Immediately after preparing the four populations of BioRBC densities, the four densities will be combined, mixed, and a gravimetrically determined weight of the blood infused intravenously. An aliquot of the infusate will be saved and analyzed to determine the dose of each density administered.

All labeling will be conducted using approved sterile instruments and materials in a certified laminar flow containment hood to minimize the potential for bacterial contamination. Two aliquots of the BioRBC infusate will be saved: 1) one for endotoxin testing should the subject Adult BioRBC Redosing Safety Protocol Page 5 of 6 develop a transfusion reaction (we have not encountered this in the ~35 adult subjects we have studied to date); and 2) the other for aerobic bacteria cultured for any potential contamination during the labeling process. Although the culture results will not be available prior to the infusion, they will be available in the event the subject develops symptoms of bacterial infection, e.g., fever.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female and male subjects
  • Age 18 years or older
  • Normal with respect to serum chemistry, and hematology panels. Values outside the normal range, but not considered to be a health risk by the investigator will not exclude a subject
  • Consented for the study and have signed an IRB-approved Informed Consent

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who had any of the following criteria were excluded from the study:

  • History of a clinically significant acute or chronic disease process
  • Evidence of previous or current significant cardiovascular (including uncontrolled hypertension), hematologic, gastrointestinal (including hepatic), renal, metabolic, or neurological disorders or clinically significant allergies
  • History of autoimmune haemolytic anemia, RBC autoantibodies or alloantibodies, or autoimmune disease
  • History of congenital red cell disorders including glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6PD) deficiency
  • Positive pregnancy test result
  • Whole blood donation within 8 weeks or 2-unit RBC collection within 16 weeks of planned study whole blood donation
  • Inability of subject to comply with the protocol in the Investigator's opinion.
  • A female who was breast-feeding an infant or child
  • Positive Direct or Indirect Antiglobulin Test result
  • Immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., oral or intravenous prednisone) within the preceding 28 days
  • Subjects who participated in another clinical study concurrently or within 28 days prior to starting the study
  • Presence of plasma or serum anti-biotin antibodies to biotinylated RBCs (i.e., RBC labelled at a density of 54 μg/mL when tested using IgG gel card method)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT02077751

Contact: Gretchen Cress, BS 319-356-2151

United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Recruiting
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Contact: John A Widness, M.D.    319-356-8102   
Contact: Gretchen A Cress, B.S.N.    319-356-2151   
Principal Investigator: John A Widness, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: John A Widness, MD University of Iowa
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Iowa Identifier: NCT02077751     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201212345, 2P01HL046925-16A1
Study First Received: February 27, 2014
Last Updated: February 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hematologic Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances processed this record on September 14, 2014