Optical Coherence Tomography to Improve Clinical Outcomes During Coronary Angioplasty
Coronary artery stenting has evolved as an effective treatment for angina and involves stretching up narrowings within the heart arteries using a balloon (coronary angioplasty) before implanting a small metal scaffold (stent) to splint the artery open. It is imperative that stents are fully expanded when they are deployed. If not, then patients are exposed to the serious risk of a blood clot forming in the stent (stent thrombosis), or the stent renarrowing (restenosis). One fifth of patients experiencing stent thrombosis will die and 70% will suffer a heart attack. Restenosis is associated with recurrent angina and heart attacks.
Arguably, visualising stents and ensuring adequate stent expansion is most challenging in patients with extensive hardening, or calcification, of the heart arteries. Optical coherence tomography is a novel technique that utilises near-infrared light to look inside small blood vessels in fine detail. It is 10 times more powerful than the best existing technique, intravascular ultrasound.
The purpose of this study is to compare the utility of optical coherence tomography with intravascular ultrasound in patients with heavily calcified heart arteries undergoing rotational atherectomy and coronary stent insertion. It is hoped that the results of this pilot study will provide proof-of-principle and justification for a larger clinical trial to formally assess the role of optical coherence tomography to guide coronary angioplasty and stenting in patients with heavily calcified coronary arteries.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Crossover
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Optical Coherence Tomography to Improve Clinical Outcomes During Coronary Angioplasty|
- Stent malposition expressed as % of total stent area [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The amount of stent not in direct contact with the blood vessel wall (malposition) expressed as a % of total stent area.
|Study Start Date:||November 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Twelve patients undergoing rotational atherectomy and coronary stenting for angina in Lothian will be recruited. Rotational atherectomy and stent implantation will be performed as part of routine clinical care. Immediately following stent implantation paired intravascular images of the implanted stent will be obtained using both intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography. The stent will then be further dilated at high pressure with a non compliant balloon and the intravascular images repeated with both intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography. The images obtained will be available to the operator to guide further treatment.
|Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh|
|Edinburgh, Lothian, United Kingdom, EH16 4SA|
|Principal Investigator:||Nicholas L Cruden, MBChB PhD||Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh|