Bronchoalveolar Lavage Lateral-Flow Device Test for Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis: a Multicenter Study
Background Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with hemato-oncological malignancies. Due to the crude mortality of >90% in absence of adequate treatment, timely diagnosis and early start of antifungal therapy are key factors in the successful treatment of IPA. Various studies have shown that early initiation of antifungal therapy may improve IPA survival to above 70%. Diagnosis of IPA, however, remains difficult as clinical signs and symptoms as well as radiological findings are often unspecific and conventional culture methods lack sensitivity. In recent years antigen testing has therefore become one of the cornerstones of IPA diagnostics. Brochoalveolar lavage (BAL) Galactomannan (GM) testing is currently the most promising approach for early detection of pulmonary infections by this fungus. However, limitations of GM detection are assay turn-around time, which varies widely between centers (less than a day to several days), and the need for appropriately equipped laboratories that routinely test for this antigen. These limitations are overcome by the Aspergillus Lateral-Flow Device (LFD), a novel point-of-care (POC) test for IPA diagnosis developed by Dr Thornton at the University of Exeter, UK. This simple, rapid (15 min), single-use test can be performed in rudimentary facilities using BAL specimens. In a retrospective single centre study we have recently evaluated the LFD test in 39 BAL samples from hematologic malignancy patients and solid organ transplant recipients. Sensitivities and specificities of BAL LFD tests for probable IPA were 100% and 81%, respectively. Galactomannan levels in cases with negative LFD were significantly lower than in patients with positive LFD (P <0.0001). We concluded that the LFD test of BAL specimens is performed easily and provides accurate and rapidly available results. Therefore, this new point-of-care test may be a very promising diagnostic approach for detecting IPA in BAL specimens from haematological malignancy and SOT patients. For routine clinical use, however, multicenter studies with larger sample sizes also from other patient collectives are necessary. In this multicenter study we will evaluate the LFD test in BAL samples.
Study Objectives Primary Objectives To evaluate the Lateral Flow Device test, a rapid (15 min), point-of-care test for IPA diagnosis using bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids from patients at risk for IPA.
Secondary Objective To evaluate the potential of BAL Lateral Flow Device test for prognosis in patients with IPA.
Study Design This is a prospective multi-center study conducted in three centers in Austria (Graz, Vienna and Innsbruck) and one centre in Germany (Mannheim). In order to meet the objectives an estimated number of 300 BAL samples from patients at risk for IPA (50 to 100 per centre) will be included in the study cohort. The Lateral Flow Device test will be performed prospectively in BAL samples from the patients and results will be compared to GM results, PCR findings, clinical/radiological findings as well as conventional culture results. In addition, retrospective testing of BAL samples that were previously routinely tested for GM will be performed in up to three participating centers (Graz, Innsbruck and Mannheim) to ensure to reach the proposed number of 300 BAL samples. The treating clinicians will not be informed about BAL Lateral Flow Device test results and the test will therefore have no impact on patient management / treatment decisions.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Bronchoalveolar Lavage Lateral-Flow Device Test for Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis: a Multicenter Study|
- Performance of the Lateral Flow Device Test for diagnosisng of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in BAL fluids [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]BAL fluid s of included patients will be tested with the LFD. Results will be compared to other diagnostics.
|Study Start Date:||February 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Patients at risk for IPA||
Device: Lateral Flow Device Test
Testing of leftover BAL samples from clinical routine by the lateral flow device test
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|Contact: Martin Hoenigl, MD, PDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Robert Krause, MD / Proffirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Medical university of Graz||Recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: Martin Hoenigl, MD|
|Innsbruck medical University||Recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: Cornelia Lass-Flörl, MD Prof.|
|Medical University of Vienna||Recruiting|
|Contact: Birgit Willinger, Prof. email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Birgit Willinger, MD|
|University Hospital Mannheim||Recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: Dieter Buchheidt, MD|