Combined N-of-1 Trials Mexiletine vs Placebo in Patients With Non-Dystrophic Myotonia (NDM)

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2013 by Radboud University
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02045667
First received: November 18, 2013
Last updated: January 23, 2014
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

The main objective of this study is to explore whether multiple trials with individual patients (N-of-1 trials) can produce a reliable evidence base for coverage decisions on clinical and cost-effectiveness of drug treatment for patients with rare diseases. As a case study, we will study the clinical and cost-effectiveness of Mexiletine in patients with Non-Dystrophic myotonia. The results of this analysis will be compared with the results obtained from a recently published international, multi-centre, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of Mexiletine in patients with Non-Dystrophic Myotonia (clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00832000).

The secondary objective of this proposal is to assess whether mexiletine improves myotonia measured (both quantitatively and qualitative) in patients with non-dystrophic myotonia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Non Dystrophic Myotonia
Drug: Mexiletine
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combining N-of-1 Trials to Estimate Population Clinical and Cost-effectiveness of Drugs Using Bayesian Hierarchical Modeling. The Case of Mexiletine for Patients With Non- Dystrophic Myotonia.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Radboud University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in patient-reported Stiffness on the IVR [ Time Frame: Weeks 3-4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Stiffness measured on a 1-9 scale, 1 being minimal, 9 the worst ever experienced. 0=no symptom reported. For analysis the average severity of stiffness for each participant will be calculated form daily calls made in weeks 3-4 of each period.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Individualized Neuromuscular Quality of Life Scale - Summary Score [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Quality of life scale for patinets with neuromuscular disorders. The INQoL summary score is a weighted average made up of 5 subdomains (activities, social relationships, independence, emotions, and body image) which document the impact of a disease on a patients' quality of life. Scores range from 0-100, and can be interpreted as the percent of maximal detrimental impact on quality of life. A higher score indicates more detrimental impact.

  • Change in Short Form 36 - Physical Composite Score [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 is a standard quality of life instrument. The physical composite score represents the the physical burden on quality of life and is a summary of questions related to physical impact of a disease or condition (physical function, role physical, bodily pain, and general health). The score is nomralized to the population and ranges from 0-100, with the US normal value of 50. A lower score represents a greater impact of quality of life.

  • Change in Clinical myotonia bedside-tests (Seconds) [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    1. Eye closure myotonia. The participant will be instructed to close the eyes tightly for three seconds and then to open the eyes. Eye closure myotonia is present if there is difficulty fully opening the eyelids. This will be repeated for a total of 5 times. Each attempt will be timed.
    2. Hand-grip myotonia. The participant will be instructed to forcefully close the fingers in a fist for three seconds and then rapidly open the fist and extend the fingers. Hand-grip myotonia is present if the fingers cannot be immediately extended. The time it takes (in seconds) for the fingers to be fully extended will be recorded. This will be repeated for a total of 5 times. Each attempt will be timed.
    3. Percussion myotonia.

  • Change in Muscle relaxation times measured with quantitative grip myometry (Seconds) [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Maximum Voluntary Isometric Contractions (MVIC's) of the long finger flexors and the subsequent relaxation time (myotonia) will be measured using a technique developed at the University of Rochester. To measure the extent of grip myotonia of resting forearm muscle, each participant will squeeze the grip handle with a maximum grip for 3 seconds then relax until the force returns to baseline. The time required for relaxation (the relaxation time (RT)) following this initial MVIC will be used to calculate the degree of myotonia. To determine if repeated muscle contractions shorten the time required for full muscle relaxation, eg., warm-up, a series of five MVICs will be made, each for three seconds duration followed by a ten second period of rest. The measurement of warm-up will be made by comparing relaxation time for the initial MVIC compared to the relaxation time following the final contraction in the series of five contractions used as warm-up exercise.

  • Change in Graded Myotonia by Needle Electromyography [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Concentric needle EMG will be performed in the rectus femoris muscles. These muscle were chosen based on the data from the NDM natural history study as performed in Jeroen Trip his PhD-thesis, and will be consistent throughout this study. According to established criteria myotonic discharges will be defined and quantified: Myotonic discharges must be at least 500 msec and elicited in three areas of the muscle outside of the endplate zone. Grading of myotonic discharges: 1+: fulfills minimal requirements; 2+: myotonic discharges in more than ½ of needle locations; 3+: myotonic discharges with each needle movement in all examined areas.

  • Change in Mexiletine serum plasma concentration levels [ Time Frame: Weeks 1 and 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mexiletine serum plasma concentration levels will be measured using a High-performance liquid chromatography-technique to analyse if they are within therapeutic range and to exclude any carry-over effects.

  • Change in Patient-reported Pain on the IVR [ Time Frame: Weeks 3-4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pain measured on a 1-9 scale, 1 being minimal, 9 the worst ever experienced. 0=no symptom reported. For analysis the average severity of pain for each participant will be calculated form daily calls made in weeks 3-4 of each period.

  • Change in Patient-reported Weakness on the IVR [ Time Frame: Weeks 3-4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Weakness measured on a 1-9 scale, 1 being minimal, 9 the worst ever experienced. 0=no symptom reported. For analysis the average severity of weakness for each participant will be calculated form daily calls made in weeks 3-4 of each period.

  • Change in Patient-reported Tiredness on the IVR [ Time Frame: Weeks 3-4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tiredness measured on a 1-9 scale, 1 being minimal, 9 the worst ever experienced. 0=no symptom reported. For analysis the average severity of tiredness for each participant will be calculated form daily calls made in weeks 3-4 of each period.

  • Change in Short Form 36 - Mental Composite Score [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SF-36 is a standard quality of life instrument. The mental composite score represents the the mental burden on quality of life and is a summary of questions related to mental impact of a disease or condition (mental function, role emotional, vitality, and mental health). The score is nomralized to the population and ranges from 0-100, with the US normal value of 50. A lower score represents a greater impact of quality of life.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Change in ECG conduction times: PR, QRS and QTc-time [ Time Frame: Week 4 of each period - up to 44 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    PR, QRS and QTc-times are segments of the ECG that in case of a change (increase or decrease) could hold a risk for cardiac arrhythmia.


Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo tablets three times daily orally
Drug: Mexiletine

Mexiletine is a lidocaine-derivate and belongs to the class of 1B antiarrhythmic agents (Vaughan-Williams Classification of Antiarrhytmica). Class I antiarrhythmics have membrane-stabilizing properties. Drugs in this class work by interfering with the fast influx of sodium by inhibition of sodium ionchannels during the fast depolarization phase, thereby decreasing the maximal voltage and upshoot phase of the action potential.

Mexiletine study-medication will be purchased from Stabilimento Chimico Farmaceutico Militare, Firenze, Italy.

Other Names:
  • Mexitil
  • Ritalmex
Drug: Placebo
Placebo tablets do not contain any active medicinal component.
Other Names:
  • Dummy
  • Control-arm medication
Active Comparator: Mexiletine
Mexiletine 200mg three times daily orally
Drug: Mexiletine

Mexiletine is a lidocaine-derivate and belongs to the class of 1B antiarrhythmic agents (Vaughan-Williams Classification of Antiarrhytmica). Class I antiarrhythmics have membrane-stabilizing properties. Drugs in this class work by interfering with the fast influx of sodium by inhibition of sodium ionchannels during the fast depolarization phase, thereby decreasing the maximal voltage and upshoot phase of the action potential.

Mexiletine study-medication will be purchased from Stabilimento Chimico Farmaceutico Militare, Firenze, Italy.

Other Names:
  • Mexitil
  • Ritalmex
Drug: Placebo
Placebo tablets do not contain any active medicinal component.
Other Names:
  • Dummy
  • Control-arm medication

Detailed Description:

Rationale: A current problem in the context of a coverage decision for the use of mexiletine for NDM patients is the lack of a sufficient evidence base. An innovative trial design could facilitate in establishing such an evidence base in a small group of rather heterogeneous patients. As more than 7000 rare diseases in Europe and the USA suffer from a similar lack of treatment evidence, more experience with this innovative trial design would be very helpful.

Study design: A double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled combined N-of-1- trial using a Bayesian statistical approach.

Study population: Non-dystrophic myotonia (NDM) patients, at least 18 years old, with a genetically confirmed diagnosis.

Intervention: Each N-of-1 trial consists out of a minimum of one, and a maximum of 4 treatment sets, each comprising a 4-week period of active treatment (Mexiletine) and a 4-week period of treatment with placebo, in random order, with one week for wash-out in between. Within each mexiletine period, treatment dosage of mexiletine will be built up from 200 mg 1 time a day PO on the first day of the first week, to 200 mg 2 times a day on the second day of the first week, to the desired dosage of 200 mg 3 times a day PO on the third day of the first week and throughout the remaining days of the 4-week treatment period. A similar build-up scheme will be used within each placebo period.

Main study parameters/endpoints: The primary outcome measure for this study is a decrease in the most prominent clinical symptom: stiffness. Stiffness will be quantified by an Interactive Voice Response System (IVR) in which the patient will rate their mean daily IVR participant-assessed severity of stiffness on an ordinal scale (1-9). The secondary outcome measures will include changes in pain, weakness, and fatigue on IVR, Individual Neuromuscular Quality of Life (INQoL), the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) a patient-reported survey of patient health, blood plasma levels of mexiletine, clinical myotonia assessments, quantitative handgrip myotonia, biceps force test and needle-electromyography (EMG).

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: In the screening phase, electrocardiography (ECG) and EMG recordings, laboratory values and baseline blood plasma levels of mexiletine will be tested. Medical history and written consent will also be obtained in this phase. Patients will be asked to visit the department of Neurology between 4-16 visits (depending on number of treatment sets necessary to obtain enough evidence) during the study enrolment. Each visit will approximately cost 2 hours; within each visit two questionnaires (INQoL, SF-36) need to be filled, blood plasma levels of mexiletine will be measured and clinical and electrophysiological myotonia tests need to be performed. Furthermore, an ECG and EMG will be recorded at the end of each treatment or placebo period. In addition, patients will have to call in to an interactive voice response system to report their mean daily IVR participant-assessed severity of stiffness once a week in every first and second week and daily in every third and fourth week of each treatment or placebo period.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. At least 18 years of age
  2. Genetically confirmed diagnosis of NDMs
  3. Participation in the "Genetical variability of the Non-dystrophic Myotonia" study of J. Trip or a new patient with genetically confirmed NDM.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent.
  2. Other neurological conditions that might affect the assessment of the study measurements.
  3. Genetic confirmed Myotonic Dystrophy type 1 (DM1) (CTG > 50 repeats), or Myotonic Dystrophy type 2 (DM2).
  4. Patients with existing cardiac conduction defects, evidenced on ECG including but not limited to the following conditions: malignant arrhythmia or cardiac conduction disturbances (such as second degree AV block, third degree atrio-ventricular (AV) block, or prolonged QT interval >500 ms or QRS duration > 150 msec).
  5. Current use of the following antiarrhythmic medication for a cardiac disorder:flecainide acetate, encainide, disopyramide, procainamide, quinidine, propafenone or mexiletine.
  6. Women who are pregnant or lactating.
  7. Patients currently on medications for myotonia such as phenytoin and flecainide acetate within 5 days of enrollment, carbamazepine and mexiletine within 3 days of enrollment, or propafenone, procainamide, disopyramide, quinidine and encainide within 2 days of enrollment.
  8. Patients with renal or hepatic disease, heart failure, history of myocardial infarction, or seizure disorders.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02045667

Contacts
Contact: Drs. BC Stunnenberg, MD 0031-243611111 Bas.Stunnenberg@Radboudumc.nl

Locations
Netherlands
Departments of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands Recruiting
Nijmegen, Gelderland, Netherlands, 6500HB
Contact: Drs. BC Stunnenberg, MD    0031-243611111    Bas.Stunnenberg@Radboudumc.nl   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
ZonMw: The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Prof. dr. BGM van Engelen, MD, PhD Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Principal Investigator: Prof. dr. GJ van der Wilt, PhD Department of Epidemiology, HTA and biostatistics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. BC Stunnenberg, MD Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. W Woertman, PhD Department of Epidemiologie, HTA and biostatistics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. B Schouwenberg, MD Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Dr. G Drost, MD, PhD Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre Groningen, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. J Raaphorst, MD Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. N van Alfen, MD, PhD Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. J Timmermans, MD Department of Cardiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
Study Chair: Drs. H Groenewoud, MSc Department of Epidemiologie, HTA and biostatistics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, the Netherlands
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02045667     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Mexiletine20142015, 2010-024026-38
Study First Received: November 18, 2013
Last Updated: January 23, 2014
Health Authority: Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)

Keywords provided by Radboud University:
Becker's myotonia congenita (BMC)
Thomson's myotonia congenita (TMC)
Paramyotonia Congenita (PMC)
Sodium Channel Myotonia (SCM)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myotonia
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Neuromuscular Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Mexiletine
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Sodium Channel Blockers
Therapeutic Uses
Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014