A Prospective Trial to Identify Biomarkers Involved in the Transition From Acute to Persistent Chronic Low Back Pain
This is a prospective observational cohort multinational clinical study. There are no biomarkers to help predict in which patients acute low back pain (LBP) will transform into chronic low back pain (CLBP). Human variability and different common comorbidities complicate the picture and make stratification of patients into correct subgroups difficult. However, drugs act by targeting specific molecular pathways and are therefore efficient only in a subgroup of patients sharing common molecular pathology and common genetics. Both CLBP and disc degeneration are known to be heritable. Little investigation has taken place for genetic variants in CLBP. The main aim of this trial is to identify "omics biomarkers" associated with the transition from acute (single episode of low back pain) to persistent/chronic LBP (pain lasting more than 12 weeks).
Acute Low Back Pain
Chronic Low Back Pain
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||A Prospective Controlled Trial to Identify Biomarkers Involved in the Transition From Acute to Persistent Chronic Low Back Pain|
- Genetic outcome [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
To investigate the associations between genetic factors and the development of persistent chronic LBP, in patients developing persistent chronic symptoms (defined as pain that persists 3 months or more), after an episode of acute LBP. The development of persistent chronic pain will be assessed at 3 months after the acute episode.
Existing and newly generated GWAs will be analyzed and their possible correlation with the risk of pain becoming persistent chronic will be detected in a wide, international population of caucasian ancestry.
- Glycomic and Activomic outcome [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Recognize Glycomic and Activomic data associated with patients who develop CLBP compared to patients who do not develop CLBP after an episode of acute LBP. The sample size will better defined after the first interim analysis of first 400 patients.
- Epigenetic outcome [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Investigators will identify CpG methylation patterns that may be associated with the development and maintenance of persistent chronic LBP pain after an episode of acute LBP in the first 200 patients who develop CLBP and first 200 patients who will not develop it.
In the same cohort of 400 patients, investigators will analyze microRNAs (miRNAs) to investigate their role in predicting risk of persistent chronic pain after acute episode, opioid tolerance and response to therapy after the beginning of opioid therapy.
- Next-generation sequencing outcome [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Investigators will detect rare variants with strong or modest effects on LBP symptoms and response to therapy using next generation sequencing of candidate genes in 200 incident cases with persistent chronic pain and 200 controls. In particular, investigators will analyze new genetic variants that may impact on intervertebral disc stability, new variants modifying inflammation, variants of pain signalling, new variants in genes encoding analgesic drug metabolism and other genes from literature search.
- Stratification based on pain characteristics [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]"Omics" data will be compared stratifying our population according to pain characteristics, pain intensity, response to treatment and duration of pain.
- Stratification based on pain pathophysiology [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]In a subgroup of patients, "omics" data will be compared stratifying our population according to pain pathophysiology: discogenic pain, spinal stenosis, facet joint pain, sacroiliac joint pain, low back pain with radicular pain (radicular pain not predominant) and widespread low back pain.
- Stratification based on 6 months follow-up [ Time Frame: 54 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]"Omics" data will be also compared stratifying our population according to the persistence of pain at 6 months despite receiving a treatment following current guidelines.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Whole blood samples will be collected at recruitment in all enrolled patients. Blood samples will be collected also at the 3 months and 6 months follow up visits in patients who will develop CLBP after the episode of acute LBP.
|Study Start Date:||March 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Investigators will link and relate clinical data to a multiple "omics" analysis in patients developing persistent chronic symptoms (defined as pain that persists 3 months or more), after an episode of acute LBP. The development of persistent chronic pain will be assessed at 3 months after the acute episode.
"OMIC" biomarkers investigated will be genetics, epigenetics, glycomics and activomic.
Genetics through genome wide association studies (GWAS) has already obtained important results in pain research; however concerning low back pain, there is not yet suitable genotype-phenotype correlations helpful to stratify patients.
Epigenetic regulation is a universal tool that higher organisms use to adapt to changes in the environment. While environmental factors, such as diet influence enzymatic processes only while they are directly present, their prolonged effects can be achieved through the cell memory of epigenetic marks. Various elements of the membrane signal transduction system were reported to be regulated by epigenetic mechanisms.
Glycomics is an emerging field that has recently been identified as a priority for the next decade by the US National Academies of Science. Many common complex diseases will be associated with specific changes in glycan structures. In addition, common genetic polymorphisms influencing glycosylation and consequent differences in glycome composition could be important diagnostic and prognostic markers. The first studies reporting protein glycosylation in large human population samples have been recently published by partners in the consortium. Reliable identification of valid associations between specific glyco-phenotypes and predisposition for the development or progression of a specific disease requires analysis of thousands of patients.
Activomics: combines data about enzymatic activity of numerous numerous post-translational modification proteins in an integrated model which provides dynamic characterization of the current state of an organism. In this project information about numerous proteases, kinases, phosphatases and glycosidases will be collected and used to complement the existing phenotype information.
"Omics" data will be compared stratifying population according to pain characteristics, pain intensity, response to treatment and duration of pain. In a subgroup of patients, "omics" data will be compared stratifying population according to pain pathophysiology: discogenic pain, spinal stenosis, facet joint pain, sacroiliac joint pain, low back pain with radicular pain (radicular pain not predominant) and widespread low back pain.
|Contact: MASSIMO ALLEGRI, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, North Carolina|
|The Center for Clinical Research (CPI)||Not yet recruiting|
|Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States|
|Principal Investigator: LEONARDO KAPURAL, MD|
|Edith Cowan University (ECU)||Not yet recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: WEI WANG, PROF|
|Multidisciplinary Pain Centre, Hospital Oost-Limburg (ZOL)||Not yet recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: JAN VAN ZUNDERT, MD|
|"St.Catharine" Orthopedics, Surgery, Neurology and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialty Hospital (St-Cat)||Not yet recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: DRAGAN PRIMORAC, PROF|
|Anesthesia and Pain Therapy Department, Università degli Studi di Parma (UNIPR)||Not yet recruiting|
|Principal Investigator: GUIDO FANELLI, PROF|
|Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo (OSM)||Not yet recruiting|
|Pavia, Italy, 27100|
|Contact: MASSIMO ALLEGRI, MD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: MASSIMO ALLEGRI, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: CRISTINA E MINELLA, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: MANUELA DE GREGORI, PHD|
|King's College London (KCL)||Not yet recruiting|
|London, United Kingdom|
|Principal Investigator: FRANCES WILLIAMS, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||MASSIMO ALLEGRI, MD||Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo - Pavia|